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  1. 15 Sep 2014
    A review of the ways in which healthcare professionals can be helped to involve their patients in the healthcare decision making process Podcast Updated
    When there are several treatments possible, healthcare professionals can involve patients in the process of making decisions about their care so that the patients can choose care that meets their needs and reflects what is important to them. We call this 'shared decision making'. Although the results are better when patients are involved, healthcare ...
  2. 7 Oct 2014
    A review of the ways that healthcare professionals can improve the use of suitable medicines for older people Updated
    Taking medicine to treat symptoms of chronic illness and to prevent worsening of disease is common in older people. However, taking too many medicines can cause harm. This review examines studies in which healthcare professionals have taken action to make sure that older people are receiving the most effective and safest medication for their illness. ...
  3. 13 Oct 2014
    Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor treatment for myasthenia gravis Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of aceytlcholinesterase inhibitor drugs in people with myasthenia gravis. Background Myasthenia gravis is a rare autoimmune condition in which antibodies produced by the immune system attack the connection between nerves and muscles (the neuromuscular junction). Nerve impulses become blocked, ...
  4. 20 Oct 2014
    Acupuncture for schizophrenia Updated
    Although acupuncture or Traditional Chinese Medicine has been practised for over 2000 years in China and the Far East, especially in Korea and Japan, it is a relatively new form of treament for physical and psychological conditions in the West. Acupuncture inserts needles into the skin to stimulate specific points of the body (acupoints). The aim is ...
  5. 13 Oct 2014
    Acupuncture for treating functional dyspepsia New
    Functional dyspepsia (FD) has been a worldwide gastric disorder. More effective therapies are needed with fewer adverse effects than are seen with conventional medications. In the East, acupuncture has been recognized for a long time as a positive therapy for the treatment of functional gastric disorders. To date, no robust evidence on its efficacy ...
  6. 12 Sep 2014
    Agitation in children after sevoflurane anaesthesia New
    Review question We reviewed the evidence looking at how often children wake up agitated after a sevoflurane general anaesthetic compared with other general anaesthetics. We also reviewed evidence looking at the effects of other treatments (e.g. a medication given during the anaesthetic, the presence of a parent when a child wakes up) on how often ...
  7. 14 Oct 2014
    Allopurinol for chronic gout New
    Research question This summary of a Cochrane review presents what we know from research about the effect of allopurinol compared with placebo or other treatments that reduce uric acid levels in treating people with chronic gout. The review is current to January 2014. Background: what is chronic gout and what is allopurinol? Chronic gout is a common ...
  8. 6 Oct 2014
    Anabolic steroids for improving recovery after hip fracture in older people New
    Why anabolic steroids might help after a hip fracture Hip fracture occurs mainly in older people, many of whom are frail. After surgery for their hip fracture, most patients suffer a loss of muscle mass and strength. Despite rehabilitation, most patients experience a long-term decline in mobility and function. Anabolic steroids, the synthetic derivatives ...
  9. 9 Oct 2014
    Androgens for the anaemia of chronic kidney disease in adults New
    Anaemia, which occurs when red blood cell and haemoglobin levels fall below normal, is a common problem among adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Anaemia can cause breathlessness, dizziness and chest pain (angina); reduce ability to think clearly; limits ability to exercise; and contributes to sexual problems, poor appetite and reduced quality ...
  10. 13 Oct 2014
    Antibiotic prophylaxis for operative vaginal delivery Updated
    Background Vacuum and forceps assisted vaginal births are reported to increase the incidence of postpartum infections and maternal readmission to hospital compared to spontaneous vaginal birth. The commonest indications for operative vaginal delivery are prolonged second stage of labour, suspicion of immediate or potential fetal compromise and shortening ...

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