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  1. 21 Mar 2014
    A review of evidence on the use of interventions for people with autism spectrum disorder, based on the psychological model 'Theory of Mind' New
    Background The 'Theory of Mind' model suggests that people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have a profound difficulty understanding the minds of other people, their emotions, feelings, beliefs, and thoughts. It has been proposed that this may underlie many of the other difficulties experienced by people with ASD, including social and communication ...
  2. 10 Apr 2014
    A structured collateral interview regarding cognition and function (the IQCODE) for assessment of possible dementia New
    Numbers of people with dementia and other cognitive problems are increasing globally. Early diagnosis of dementia is recommended but there is no agreement on the best approach or how non-memory specialists should assess patients. A potential strategy is to interview friends or family of the subject to assess for change in function or cognition. Various ...
  3. 2 Apr 2014
    Alpha-blockers as medical expulsive therapy for ureteral stones New
    Urinary stone disease is frequently seen in the urology practice. Symptoms include flank or abdominal pain radiating to the groin or external genitalia. Although some patients with ureteral stones might remain asymptomatic, many have pain and thus commonly seek medical care. An acute episode of colic is the result of a stone entering the ureter and ...
  4. 30 Mar 2014
    Amnioinfusion for preterm premature rupture of membranes Updated
    There is some evidence to show that restoring amniotic fluid volume with saline or a similar fluid (amnioinfusion) following preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) may be beneficial for preterm babies (by preventing infection, lung damage and death) and mothers (by preventing infection of the womb after childbirth). However, current evidence ...
  5. 1 Mar 2014
    Antibiotic treatment for people with a clinical diagnosis of acute bronchitis Updated
    Acute bronchitis is a clinical diagnosis for an acute cough, which may or may not be productive of mucus or sputum. It occurs when the tubes (bronchi) within the lungs become inflamed and may be caused by viruses or bacteria. Symptoms generally last for two weeks but the associated cough can last for up to eight weeks. Recently, there has been controversy ...
  6. 2 Apr 2014
    Antibiotic treatment for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in people with cystic fibrosis Updated
    Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a bacteria which is resistant to several antibiotics. Over the last 10 years this bacteria has increasingly been found in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis. Chronic infection with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has been found to be linked to pulmonary infections. However, at present, it is unclear if people with ...
  7. 9 Mar 2014
    Antibiotics to prevent surgical site infection after breast cancer surgery Updated
    Breast cancer accounts for one in 10 of all new cancer cases diagnosed and surgical removal of the breast is a common treatment approach. An infection of the surgical wound is often a complication of surgery and taking antibiotics just before the operation significantly reduces the chances of developing an infection. The review is not able to establish ...
  8. 1 Apr 2014
    Antibodies for preventing measles after exposure New
    People who have had measles, or measles vaccine, have antibodies against the virus in their blood that protect them from developing measles should they come into contact with it. These antibodies can be extracted from blood donated by these individuals. If people without antibodies come into contact with someone who is contagious with measles, they ...
  9. 4 Mar 2014
    Artesunate plus pyronaridine for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria New
    What is uncomplicated malaria and how might artesunate-pyronaridine work Uncomplicated malaria is the milder form of malaria which usually causes fever, with or without headache, tiredness, muscle pains, abdominal pains, nausea, and vomiting. If left untreated, uncomplicated malaria can rapidly develop into severe malaria with kidney failure, fitting, ...
  10. 17 Mar 2014
    Atherectomy for peripheral arterial disease New
    A person with diseased arteries in the legs can experience pain on walking (also known as intermittent claudication), pain at rest (especially at night), or ulcers due to poor blood flow. Established treatments include surgery, where a bypass is inserted to carry blood from an artery above the diseased (blocked or narrowed) section to below the diseased ...

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