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  1. 28 Jul 2014
    Are oral antibiotics as effective as a combination of injected and oral antibiotics for kidney infections in children? Updated
    Acute pyelonephritis refers to infection of the kidneys and is the most severe form of urinary tract infection (UTI). Acute pyelonephritis causes high fever, vomiting, stomach pain, irritability and poor feeding in infants. We wanted to find out if oral antibiotics were as effective as combined oral and injected antibiotics to treat children for kidney ...
  2. 28 Jul 2014
    Using medications (antimetabolites) to avoid scarring after cataract surgery, which might cause failure of a previous glaucoma operation New
    Review question: We reviewed the evidence on the effect of using medications (antimetabolites) to avoid scarring after cataract surgery, which might cause failure of a previous glaucoma operation. We did not find any trials to include in this review. Background: Patients with glaucoma who have had an operation to improve the pressure in their eyes ...
  3. 28 Jul 2014
    Hysterectomy versus hysterectomy plus ovary removal for premenopausal women Podcast Updated
    Review question: Cochrane authors reviewed the evidence on the risks and benefits of the removal or conservation of ovaries at the time of hysterectomy for benign gynaecological disease in premenopausal women. Background: removing the ovaries at the time of hysterectomy could potentially reduce the risk of ovarian cancer and the need for future gynaecological ...
  4. 28 Jul 2014
    Inserting an IUD right after abortion or miscarriage versus at a later time Updated
    Inserting an intrauterine device (IUD) right after an abortion or miscarriage can be good for many reasons. The woman is not pregnant and may be thinking about birth control, and the time and place are convenient for the woman. If asked to delay IUD insertion, many women do not return to get the device. However, the IUD might be more likely to come ...
  5. 27 Jul 2014
    Appetite stimulants for people with cystic fibrosis New
    Review question We looked for evidence on both beneficial and adverse effects of using appetite stimulants in people with anorexia linked to cystic fibrosis. Background Loss of appetite in people with cystic fibrosis concerns both the patients themselves and their families. Appetite stimulants have been used to help people with cystic fibrosis, ...
  6. 26 Jul 2014
    A comparison of the effectiveness and safety of the two most common therapies for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) New
    Background At present no clear evidence is available on the equivalence of therapeutic agents used in people with MS. This study is important because it is the first report evaluating whether two treatments, interferons (IFNs)-beta and glatiramer acetate (GA), have the same effect on the disease course. Study characteristics We searched medical databases ...
  7. 25 Jul 2014
    Mycophenolate mofetil versus methotrexate for prevention of graft-versus-host disease following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation New
    Background Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a procedure in which a portion of a healthy donor's stem cells (cells that can develop into various types of blood cells) or bone marrow is obtained and prepared for intravenous infusion. Hematopoietic stem cells are taken from a healthy donor and transplanted into the patient (recipient). ...
  8. 25 Jul 2014
    Should Chinese herbal medicines be used in patients with skin and soft-tissue infections? New
    What are skin and soft-tissue infections? Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) are common infections of the skin or the tissue beneath the skin. They include impetigo, abscesses, cellulitis, erysipelas, necrotising (flesh-killing) skin infections, infections caused by animal or human bites or by animal contact, and infections after surgery. Most ...
  9. 24 Jul 2014
    Topical lidocaine for neuropathic pain in adults New
    Neuropathic pain is pain coming from damaged nerves. It differs from pain messages carried along healthy nerves from damaged tissue (a fall, or cut, or arthritic knee). Neuropathic pain is treated by different medicines than pain from damaged tissue. Medicines like paracetamol or ibuprofen are usually not effective in neuropathic pain, while medicines ...
  10. 23 Jul 2014
    Treatment of amblyopia (lazy eye) caused by strabismus (squint) with patching or optical treatment (glasses or penalisation) or both Updated
    Review question: Treatment of amblyopia (lazy eye) caused by strabismus (squint) with patching or optical treatment (glasses or penalisation) or both. Background: Amblyopia is a common childhood condition which causes a reduction in vision of one or both eyes which is not caused by any eye disease. Amblyopia can be caused by the presence of a squint ...

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