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  1. 21 Oct 2014
    Immunotherapy for recurrent miscarriage Updated
    Immunotherapy does not lower the risk of future miscarriage in women who repeatedly miscarry. Background Recurrent miscarriage is three or more consecutive early miscarriages. One theory is that for some women, this might be caused by an immune system response to the embryo or fetus. Therapies that try to immunize the woman against the 'foreign' cells ...
  2. 21 Oct 2014
    Minimally invasive surgical techniques versus open myomectomy for uterine fibroids New
    Review question: In this Cochrane review, we compared surgical results after myomectomy by open surgery versus myomectomy by laparoscopy and hysteroscopy. Background: Fibroids are common benign tumours arising in the uterus. Sometimes they cause problems such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain and difficulty passing urine and bowel motions. Fibroids ...
  3. 21 Oct 2014
    Interventions for managing asthma in pregnancy New
    Asthma is the most common disorder of the respiratory system (the organs that help you breathe) in pregnancy, affecting up to one in eight women. During pregnancy asthma can improve, worsen or remain unchanged. Poorly controlled asthma may lead to complications for mothers including pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure and protein in the urine), gestational ...
  4. 20 Oct 2014
    Prophylactic antibiotics for manual removal of retained placenta in vaginal birth Updated
    We did not identify any trials to say if women with retained placenta after giving birth would benefit from routine antibiotics prior to manual removal of placenta. Following the birth of her baby, a mother normally delivers the placenta with further pushing and support from her caregivers. Sometimes the placenta gets stuck on the wall of the womb (retained ...
  5. 20 Oct 2014
    Acupuncture for schizophrenia Updated
    Although acupuncture or Traditional Chinese Medicine has been practised for over 2000 years in China and the Far East, especially in Korea and Japan, it is a relatively new form of treament for physical and psychological conditions in the West. Acupuncture inserts needles into the skin to stimulate specific points of the body (acupoints). The aim is ...
  6. 20 Oct 2014
    Interventions for tophi in gout New
    Background: what are tophi and what interventions are used? Gout is caused by urate crystals forming either within or around joints. Inflammation can lead to pain, redness, warmth and swelling of the affected joints, making the area difficult to touch or move. Some of the reasons why people get gout include their genetic make-up, being overweight, ...
  7. 19 Oct 2014
    Non-drug management of breathing problems for children with severe physical and intellectual impairment New
    Background For a variety of reasons, some children live with very severe intellectual and physical problems; they are unable to walk or talk and require a lot of care. In this study we refer to them as children with severe global developmental delay (SGDD); this is not a specific diagnosis but is rather an 'umbrella term' used to describe a group of ...
  8. 16 Oct 2014
    Immunosuppressive treatment for idiopathic membranous nephropathy in adults with nephrotic syndrome Updated
    Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is a disease in which glomerular basement membrane becomes thickening by light microscopy on renal biopsy and it represents a major cause of primary nephrotic syndrome in adults. A combined alkylating agent and corticosteroid regimen had short- and long-term benefits on adult IMN with nephrotic syndrome. Among ...
  9. 16 Oct 2014
    The effect of pricing policies for pharmaceuticals Updated
    Researchers in The Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of the effect of reference pricing and other pricing policies for pharmaceuticals. In 2012, they searched for all relevant studies and finally included 18 studies. Their findings are summarised below. What are reference pricing and other pricing policies for pharmaceuticals? Large amounts ...
  10. 16 Oct 2014
    Corticosteroid eye drops used in addition to standard antibiotic therapy in the treatment of bacterial keratitis Updated
    Review question We reviewed the available information regarding the added effect of corticosteroid eye drops in people with bacterial keratitis (corneal ulcers) who were also being treated with antibiotics. Background Bacterial keratitis, or corneal inflammation due to bacterial infection, is a sight-threatening condition. Contact lens wear, ocular ...

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