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  1. 19 Dec 2014
    Elective repeat caesarean versus planned induction of labour for women with a previous caesarean birth Updated
    When a woman has had a previous caesarean birth and requires induction of labour in a subsequent pregnancy there are two options for her care, elective repeat caesarean or planned induction of labour. Both forms of care have benefits and risks associated with them. There were no randomised controlled trials to help women, their partners and their caregivers ...
  2. 19 Dec 2014
    Asking men to pass a catheter into their own urethra to try to stop a urethral stricture from coming back New
    BACKGROUND About one in 300 men are affected by a condition called urethral stricture where part of the urethra scars causing it to become narrow. Most urethral strictures are caused by injury or infection. The main symptom is difficulty passing urine. In at least half of patients, urethral strictures come back within two years after they have a surgical ...
  3. 19 Dec 2014
    Creatine for women in pregnancy for neuroprotection of the fetus New
    This review did not find any randomised controlled trials that looked at whether creatine, given to a mother in pregnancy, can help protect her baby's brain. The developing fetal brain is very vulnerable to injury, which may arise from infection in the uterus, insufficient blood flow to the placenta, and long-term reduced oxygen in the baby's blood. ...
  4. 18 Dec 2014
    Cordyceps sinensis (a Chinese medicinal herb) for treating chronic kidney disease New
    People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience gradual worsening of kidney function. Cordyceps (Cordyceps sinensis), which is sometimes known as Chinese caterpillar fungus, is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat people with CKD. We conducted this review to investigate if Cordyceps was a safe and effective treatment for people with ...
  5. 18 Dec 2014
    Reduced dietary salt for the prevention of cardiovascular disease Updated
    Cardiovascular disease includes heart attacks and strokes and is a major cause of premature death and disability. This is an update of a review first published in 2011. This review sets out to assess whether intensive support and encouragement to cut down on salt in foods, and substituting low-sodium salt, reduces the risk of death or cardiovascular ...
  6. 18 Dec 2014
    Observation alone versus drain tube or needle insertion (interventional) for primary spontaneous pneumothorax in adults without previous lung disease. New
    Review question: A primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is a collection of air in the lining of the lung that occurs on its own or without a traumatic event. When this occurs, people can have chest pain and shortness of breath. Most of the time, the air in the lung is absorbed by the body and slowly decreases with time. Most of the guidelines in ...
  7. 18 Dec 2014
    Rapid tests for diagnosing malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax or other less common parasites New
    This review summarises trials evaluating the accuracy of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for diagnosing malaria due to Plasmodium vivax or other non-falciparum species. After searching for relevant studies up to December 2013, we included 47 studies, enrolling 22,862 adults and children. What are rapid tests and why do they need to be able to distinguish ...
  8. 18 Dec 2014
    Statins for preventing blood clot formation within veins Updated
    Background Venous thrombosis or thromboembolism (VTE) is a condition in which a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a vein and causes a blockage. The blockage most commonly occurs in the 'deep veins' of the lower legs, thighs or pelvis and is called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). If part of or the entire clot breaks away and is carried through the blood (venous) ...
  9. 18 Dec 2014
    Fluids for hydration in children New
    Background Many children in hospital need fluid through an intravenous line (or 'drip') because they cannot eat or drink enough and they need to remain hydrated. This fluid can cause rare but serious side effects due to the salt level in the body decreasing. When the salt level in the body decreases quickly brain swelling can occur, which can result ...
  10. 18 Dec 2014
    Modifying therapies such as biologics, colchicine, corticosteroids, immunosuppressants and interferon-alpha for Neuro-Behçet's Syndrome New
    Neuro-Behçet Syndrome (NBS) is an invalidating condition with a huge impact on quality of life. Recommendations on treatments for NBS include the use of disease-modifying therapies such as biologics, colchicine, corticosteroids, immunosuppressants and interferon-alpha. To assess their benefit and harms, the review authors decided to perform a systematic ...

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