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  1. 14 Oct 2014
    Cannabis for schizophrenia Updated
    Many people with the serious mental illness schizophrenia smoke cannabis but it is not known why people do so or the effects of smoking cannabis. It is unclear what the best methods are that help people to reduce or stop smoking cannabis. Cannabis is the most consumed illicit drug in the world – amounting to 120 to 224 million users. Cannabis, which ...
  2. 13 Oct 2014
    Acupuncture for treating functional dyspepsia New
    Functional dyspepsia (FD) has been a worldwide gastric disorder. More effective therapies are needed with fewer adverse effects than are seen with conventional medications. In the East, acupuncture has been recognized for a long time as a positive therapy for the treatment of functional gastric disorders. To date, no robust evidence on its efficacy ...
  3. 17 Sep 2014
    Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for panic disorder New
    Why is this review important? Panic disorder is a common mental disorder and its lifetime prevalence is 5.1%. The major characteristic of panic disorder is the occurrence of unexpected panic attacks with consequent anxiety about experiencing another attack. Despite major advances in the treatment, many people with panic disorder do not respond well ...
  4. 9 Sep 2014
    Giving glutamine supplements to critically ill adults New
    Glutamine is a non-essential amino acid which is abundant in the healthy human body. There are studies reporting that muscle and plasma glutamine levels are reduced in patients with critical illness, or following major surgery, suggesting that the body's demand for glutamine is increased in these situations. In the past decade, several clinical trials ...
  5. 9 Sep 2014
    Oral zinc supplements for treating leg ulcers Updated
    Most leg ulcers (open sores, usually on the lower leg) usually heal with good wound care, including wound dressings. However even with good wound care leg ulcers may take weeks or months to heal. Leg ulcers often cause distress to patients and are costly for health services. Failure to heal may be due to poor nutrition which reduces the ability of the ...
  6. 26 Aug 2014
    Manual therapy and exercise for frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis)
    Background Frozen shoulder is a common cause of shoulder pain and stiffness. The pain and stiffness can last up to two to three years before going away, and in the early stages it can be very painful. Manual therapy comprises movement of the joints and other structures by a healthcare professional (e.g. physiotherapist). Exercise includes any purposeful ...
  7. 21 Aug 2014
    Antioxidants to reduce pain in chronic pancreatitis
    Chronic pancreatitis is a persistent inflammation of the pancreas that in the long run can cause irreparable damage. The major causes of chronic pancreatitis are genetics, alcohol toxicity and other conditions that might damage or obstruct the pancreas. This inflammation can cause pain that often is severe and leaves patients socially isolated and unable ...
  8. 14 Aug 2014
    Hypnosis for induction of labour
    Labour induction is the artificial stimulation of uterine contractions in order to bring about birth. It is commonly used in late pregnancy to address maternal and fetal problems. Induction of labour using pharmacological and mechanical methods can cause complications or side-effects such as bleeding, caesarean section uterine hyperstimulation and maternal ...
  9. 7 Aug 2014
    What are the effects of vitamins E and C, beta-carotene, selenium and glutathione on lung disease in people with cystic fibrosis?
    Background Frequent chest infections in people with cystic fibrosis cause long-lasting inflammation in their lungs. Cells causing inflammation produce a kind of oxygen molecule (reactive oxygen species (ROS)) which can easily harm proteins and DNA (oxidative damage). To fight these effects, the body may produce antioxidants. The genetic defect in ...
  10. 29 Jul 2014
    Therapeutic touch therapy for healing acute wounds.
    Therapeutic touch is an alternative therapy that is gaining popularity as a wound treatment. Practitioners enter a meditative state and pass their hands above the patient's body to find and correct any imbalances in the patient's 'life energy' or chi. Scientific instruments have been unable to detect this energy. The review found contradictory evidence ...

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