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  1. 18 Dec 2014
    Cordyceps sinensis (a Chinese medicinal herb) for treating chronic kidney disease New
    People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience gradual worsening of kidney function. Cordyceps (Cordyceps sinensis), which is sometimes known as Chinese caterpillar fungus, is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat people with CKD. We conducted this review to investigate if Cordyceps was a safe and effective treatment for people with ...
  2. 18 Dec 2014
    Reduced dietary salt for the prevention of cardiovascular disease Updated
    Cardiovascular disease includes heart attacks and strokes and is a major cause of premature death and disability. This is an update of a review first published in 2011. This review sets out to assess whether intensive support and encouragement to cut down on salt in foods, and substituting low-sodium salt, reduces the risk of death or cardiovascular ...
  3. 17 Dec 2014
    Ephedrine treatment for myasthenia gravis, neonatal myasthenia and congenital myasthenic syndromes New
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of ephedrine in adults and children with myasthenia gravis (MG), neonatal myasthenia and the congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs). Background Myasthenia is a group of rare conditions in which muscle fatigue and weakness are the main symptoms. These symptoms occur because signals do not ...
  4. 15 Dec 2014
    Antioxidant vitamins and minerals for male subfertility Podcast Updated
    Review question: do supplementary oral antioxidants improve fertility outcomes for subfertile men when compared with placebo, no treatment or another antioxidant? Background: many subfertile men who are part of a couple undergoing fertility treatment are also taking dietary supplements in the hope of improving their fertility. It is important that ...
  5. 15 Dec 2014
    Glutamine supplementation for young infants with severe gastrointestinal disease Updated
    Glutamine is an amino acid that helps tissues, particularly in the gastrointestinal tract, recover from damage. We looked for evidence that giving extra glutamine to young infants with severe bowel problems helps them to recover faster and more fully. At present, only three trials are available; results suggest that supplemental glutamine has no benefit ...
  6. 9 Dec 2014
    Music interventions for mechanically ventilated patients Podcast Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence on the effect of music interventions compared to standard care on anxiety and other outcomes in mechanically ventilated patients. Background Mechanical ventilation often causes major distress and anxiety in patients, putting them at greater risk for complications. Side effects of analgesia and sedation may ...
  7. 9 Dec 2014
    Vitamin E supplementation in people with cystic fibrosis New
    Review question We wanted to know what effects, if any, vitamin E supplementation (at any dose) has on how often people with cystic fibrosis have health problems due to vitamin E deficiency. Background Approximately 85% to 90% of people with cystic fibrosis do not produce enough enzymes in their pancreas and are not able to absorb fat when digesting ...
  8. 8 Dec 2014
    Preventing occupational stress in healthcare workers Updated
    Background Healthcare workers suffer from work-related or occupational stress. Often this is because healthcare workers face high expectations and they may not have enough time, skills and social support at work. This can lead to severe distress, burnout or physical illness. In the end, healthcare workers may be unable to provide high quality healthcare ...
  9. 8 Dec 2014
    Treatments for leg ulcers in people with sickle cell disease Updated
    Leg ulcers are a chronic complication for people living with sickle cell disease. Ulcers tend to be difficult to treat successfully, healing slowly over months or years. They can severely disrupt quality of life, increase disability, require extended absence from the workplace, and place a high burden of care on healthcare systems. We looked at whether ...
  10. 4 Dec 2014
    Co-enzyme Q10 supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease New
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the result of complications of the heart and blood vessels and is a worldwide healthcare burden. However, it is thought that CVD risk can be lowered by changing a number of modifiable risk factors, such as diet. Dietary supplements have received a great deal of attention for the prevention of CVD. One such supplement ...

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