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  1. 11 Apr 2014
    Stimulating the brain without surgery in the management of chronic pain Podcast Updated
    Various devices are available that can electrically stimulate the brain without the need for surgery or any invasive treatment in order to manage chronic pain. There are four main treatment types: repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in which the brain is stimulated by a coil applied to the scalp, cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) ...
  2. 10 Apr 2014
    Regulatory information on trials of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza) for influenza in adults and children Podcast Updated
    Oseltamivir and zanamivir have been stockpiled in many countries to treat and prevent seasonal and pandemic influenza, before an influenza vaccine matched to the circulating virus becomes available. Oseltamivir is classified by the World Health Organization as an essential medicine. How this review has been approached We have updated and combined ...
  3. 31 Mar 2014
    Hip protectors for preventing hip fractures in older people Podcast Updated
    What are hip protectors? Older people living in nursing care facilities or older adults living at home are at high risk of falling and a hip fracture may occur after a fall. Hip protectors are plastic shields (hard) or foam pads (soft), usually fitted in pockets in specially designed underwear. They are worn to cushion a sideways fall on the hip. Do ...
  4. 30 Mar 2014
    Selenium for preventing cancer Podcast Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence suggesting that selenium can help to prevent cancer. This review updates the first Cochrane review on this topic (Dennert 2011). Background Selenium is a naturally occurring element found in crops, animal products and water. Small amounts of selenium are needed for proper human nutrition. Starting in the ...
  5. 14 Mar 2014
    Rehabilitation after surgery for herniation of the lumbar disc Podcast Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence on the effects of rehabilitation programmes on pain, recovery, function and return to work in people who have had lumbar disc surgery. Background A 'slipped' or 'herniated' disc is thought to be the most common cause of leg pain associated with a 'pinched' or compressed nerve in the lower back. Many patients ...
  6. 13 Mar 2014
    Vaccines to prevent influenza in healthy adults Podcast Updated
    Review question We evaluated the effect of immunisation with influenza vaccines on preventing influenza A or B infections (efficacy), influenza-like illness (ILI) and its consequences (effectiveness), and determined whether exposure to influenza vaccines is associated with serious or severe harms. The target populations were healthy adults, including ...
  7. 26 Feb 2014
    Is the workplace an effective setting for helping people to stop smoking Podcast
    Background The workplace appears to be a useful setting for helping people to stop smoking. Large groups of smokers are available who can easily be reached and helped, using proven methods. It is also in the employers’ interests to improve the health of their workforce. Recent changes introducing anti-smoking laws in many developed countries may have ...
  8. 20 Feb 2014
    Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold Podcast
    Preparations of the plant Echinacea are widely used in some European countries and in North America for common colds. Echinacea preparations available on the market differ greatly as different types (species) and parts (herb, root or both) of the plant are used, different manufacturing methods (drying, alcoholic extraction or pressing out the juice ...
  9. 17 Feb 2014
    Disposable surgical face masks for preventing surgical wound infection in clean surgery Podcast
    Surgeons and nurses performing clean surgery wear disposable face masks to prevent them passing germs from their noses and mouths into patients' wounds. Face masks are thought to reduce the number of postoperative wound infections. Incorrectly worn masks may increase the contamination of the wound. This review of trials found no clear evidence that ...
  10. 10 Jan 2014
    Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of mortality in adults Podcast
    Review question To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of vitamin D for prevention of mortality in healthy adults and adults in a stable phase of disease. Background Numerous observational studies suggest that optimal vitamin D status may be associated with fewer occurrences of cancer and cardiovascular disease (such as heart attack or stroke). ...

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