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  1. 22 Apr 2014
    Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infants Updated
    Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an effective and safe alternative to conventional neonatal care in low birthweight (LBW) infants mainly in resource-limited countries. Low birthweight (LBW) (less than 2500 g) is associated with an increased risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality, neurodevelopmental disabilities, and cardiovascular disease at adulthood. ...
  2. 30 Mar 2014
    Selenium for preventing cancer Podcast Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence suggesting that selenium can help to prevent cancer. This review updates the first Cochrane review on this topic (Dennert 2011). Background Selenium is a naturally occurring element found in crops, animal products and water. Small amounts of selenium are needed for proper human nutrition. Starting in the ...
  3. 27 Mar 2014
    Can people be helped to stop smoking before they have surgery? Updated
    Smoking is a well-known risk factor for complications after surgery. Stopping smoking before surgery is likely to reduce the risk of complications. We reviewed the evidence about the effects of providing smoking cessation interventions to people awaiting surgery on their success in quitting at the time of surgery and longer-term, and at complications ...
  4. 13 Mar 2014
    Vaccines to prevent influenza in healthy adults Podcast Updated
    Review question We evaluated the effect of immunisation with influenza vaccines on preventing influenza A or B infections (efficacy), influenza-like illness (ILI) and its consequences (effectiveness), and determined whether exposure to influenza vaccines is associated with serious or severe harms. The target populations were healthy adults, including ...
  5. 21 Feb 2014
    Vision screening of older drivers to prevent road traffic injuries and deaths
    Good vision is critical for safe driving performance. Because vision declines with age, and the percentage of older adults in the population is increasing, it has become more important to consider the vision screening requirements for older adults when designing evidence-based traffic safety policy. Mandatory vision screening for the issue or renewal ...
  6. 11 Feb 2014
    Antibiotics for acute maxillary sinusitis
    Sinusitis is one of the most common reasons for visiting a doctor and an estimated 20 million cases of acute sinusitis occur every year in the USA alone. There are four pairs of sinuses linked to the bony structures around the nose: maxillary, frontal, ethmoidal and sphenoidal sinuses. In sinusitis, these membrane-lined air spaces become infected, which ...
  7. 6 Feb 2014
    Antiviral treatment for preventing nerve pain after shingles (postherpetic neuralgia)
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of antiviral medicines for preventing postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Background PHN is a painful condition that can occur after shingles (herpes zoster) in the area where the rash occurred. Many people with PHN find that treatments work only a little or not at all. Attention has therefore ...
  8. 6 Feb 2014
    Buprenorphine maintenance versus placebo or methadone maintenance for opioid dependence
    Background Methadone is widely used as a replacement for illicit opioid use such as heroin in medically-supported opioid substitution maintenance programmes. Two other drugs have been used to help reduce illicit opioid use, specifically buprenorphine and LAAM (levo-alpha-acetylmethadol). LAAM is not used in current clinical practice. Buprenorphine ...
  9. 31 Jan 2014
    Kinship care for the safety, permanency, and well-being of maltreated children
    Child abuse and neglect are common problems across the world that result in negative consequences for children, families, and communities. Children who have been abused or neglected are often removed from the home and placed in residential care or with other families, including foster families. Foster care was traditionally provided by people that social ...
  10. 23 Jan 2014
    Do acupuncture and related therapies help smokers who are trying to quit
    We reviewed the evidence that acupuncture, acupressure, laser therapy or electrical stimulation help people who are trying to stop smoking. Background Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese therapy, generally using fine needles inserted through the skin at specific points in the body. Needles may be stimulated by hand or using an electric current (electroacupuncture). ...

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