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  1. 23 Oct 2013
    Psychosocial interventions for supporting women to stop smoking in pregnancy
    Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of the mother having complications during pregnancy and the baby being born with low birthweight and preterm (before 37 weeks). Tobacco smoking during pregnancy is relatively common, although the trend is towards it becoming less frequent in high-income countries and more frequent in low- to middle-income ...
  2. 12 Aug 2013
    Is telephone counselling effective as part of a programme help people stop smoking?
    Background: People trying to quit smoking can be helped with medication or by face-to-face behavioural support such as counselling and group therapy. Objectives: We wanted to to find out whether support was also effective when it was provided by telephone. Search methods: The most recent search for evidence was in May 2013. We identified 77 controlled ...
  3. 31 May 2013
    Does advice from doctors encourage people who smoke to quit
    Advice from doctors helps people who smoke to quit. Even when doctors provide brief simple advice about quitting smoking this increases the likelihood that someone who smokes will successfully quit and remain a nonsmoker 12 months later. More intensive advice may result in slightly higher rates of quitting. Providing follow-up support after offering ...
  4. 14 Nov 2012
    Can interventions delivered by mobile phones help people to stop smoking? Podcast
    Combined, evidence from five studies included in this review finds that interventions delivered by mobile phones can help people stop smoking, though the results from individual studies varied. The interventions included in this review mainly use text messaging to provide motivation, support and tips for quitting. There are no published studies on smartphone ...
  5. 5 Oct 2011
    Does motivational Interviewing help people who smoke to quit? Podcast
    Motivational interviewing or its variants are widely used to help people stop smoking. It is a counselling technique for helping people to explore and resolve their uncertainties about changing their behaviour. It seeks to avoid an aggressive or confrontational approach. It tries to steer people towards choosing to change their behaviour, and to encourage ...
  6. 10 Nov 2010
    Are stage-based interventions more effective than non-stage-based ones in helping smokers to quit?
    The transtheoretical model is one of several stage-based theories of behaviour change. It suggests that smokers move through a series of motivational stages before they manage to stop smoking. These are precontemplation (no thoughts of quitting), contemplation (thinking about quitting), preparation (planning to quit in the next 30 days), action (quitting ...
  7. 15 Apr 2009
    Do group-based smoking cessation programmes help people to stop smoking
    Group programmes are more effective for helping people to stop smoking than being given self-help materials without face-to-face instruction and group support. The chances of quitting are approximately doubled. It is unclear whether groups are better than individual counselling or other advice, but they are more effective than no treatment. Not all ...
  8. 15 Apr 2009
    Do self-help materials containing information about how to give up smoking help people to quit
    Advice and behavioural counselling can help smokers to quit. Giving the same type of support via written materials or other media has not been found to be very helpful, although there is likely to be a small benefit for people given no other support. Tailoring materials to provide individualized support is more effective. Comparisons between different ...
  9. 8 Oct 2008
    Does individually delivered counselling help people to stop smoking
    Individual counselling is commonly used to help people who are trying to quit smoking. The review looked at trials of counselling by a trained therapist providing one or more face-to-face sessions, separate from medical care. All the trials involved sessions of more than 10 minutes, with most also including further telephone contact for support. The ...
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