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  1. 17 Dec 2014
    Can electronic cigarettes help people stop smoking or reduce the amount they smoke, and are they safe to use for this purpose? New
    Background Electronic cigarettes (EC) are electronic devices that produce a smoke-like aerosol (commonly referred to as vapour) that the user inhales. This vapour typically contains nicotine without most of the toxins smokers inhale with cigarette smoke. ECs have become popular with smokers who want to reduce the risks of smoking. This review aimed ...
  2. 29 Aug 2014
    Do exercise interventions help people quit smoking Podcast
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of exercise programmes in people who want to quit smoking. We looked at whether exercise programmes, either alone or combined with stop smoking programmes, helped more people to quit at six months or longer than stop smoking programmes alone or stop smoking programmes combined with health education. Background Specialist ...
  3. 10 Jul 2013
    Can Internet-based interventions help people to stop smoking? 
    More evidence is needed to determine if programmes delivered over the Internet can help people to stop smoking. This review found several trials reporting success rates for stopping smoking after six months or more. In combined results from three trials which were at risk of bias, Internet programmes that were interactive and tailored to individual ...
  4. 28 Mar 2013
    Does more support increase success amongst people using medications to quit smoking?
    Medications (including all types of nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion and varenicline) have been shown to help people quit smoking. It has been unclear how much additional benefit is gained from also providing behavioural support, such as counselling or a telephone quitline. Combined results from 38 trials suggests that increasing the amount of ...
  5. 12 Dec 2012
    Does giving people feedback about the effects of smoking on their body help them to quit?
    Biomedical risk assessment is the process of giving smokers feedback on the physical effects of smoking using physiological measurements (for example: exhaled carbon monoxide measurement or lung function tests). It has been considered as a tool to encourage smokers to quit. This review includes 15 studies. Of them, only two found that biomedical risk ...
  6. 12 Dec 2012
    Does a combination of smoking cessation medication and behavioural support help smokers to stop? Podcast
    Behavioural support (such as brief advice and counselling) and medications (including varenicline, bupropion, and nicotine replacement therapies like patches or gum) help people quit smoking. Many guidelines recommend combining medication and behavioural support to help people stop smoking, but it is unclear if some combinations are more effective than ...
  7. 14 Nov 2012
    Can interventions delivered by mobile phones help people to stop smoking? Podcast
    Combined, evidence from five studies included in this review finds that interventions delivered by mobile phones can help people stop smoking, though the results from individual studies varied. The interventions included in this review mainly use text messaging to provide motivation, support and tips for quitting. There are no published studies on smartphone ...
  8. 11 Jul 2012
    Are there ways to help partners to give more effective support to people who are trying to quit smoking
    Smokers trying to quit who get support from partners and other people are more likely to quit. Interventions intended to improve the support received from partners have not been shown to increase long-term quit rates compared to smoking cessation programmes without a partner support component. The interventions may not have successfully changed the ...
  9. 18 Jan 2012
    Interventions for preventing weight gain after smoking cessation Podcast
    When giving up smoking, most people put on weight. Many smokers are concerned about this and say it may put them off making an attempt quit. Some studies show that weight gain also leads to people resuming smoking after an initially successful quit attempt. On the other hand, there are good reasons to believe that trying to limit weight gain may reduce ...
  10. 10 Aug 2011
    Does smoking in a way that is unpleasant help smokers to quit
    Aversion treatments pair undesirable behaviours with negative sensations. In smoking cessation, several approaches have been suggested such as rapid smoking, which requires smokers to take a puff every few seconds to make smoking unpleasant. The results of the existing trials suggest that this may be effective, but the evidence is not conclusive because ...

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