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  1. 17 Dec 2014
    Can electronic cigarettes help people stop smoking or reduce the amount they smoke, and are they safe to use for this purpose? New
    Background Electronic cigarettes (EC) are electronic devices that produce a smoke-like aerosol (commonly referred to as vapour) that the user inhales. This vapour typically contains nicotine without most of the toxins smokers inhale with cigarette smoke. ECs have become popular with smokers who want to reduce the risks of smoking. This review aimed ...
  2. 17 Dec 2014
    Medications for the treatment of cannabis dependence New
    Background Cannabis is the most common illicit drug in the world. Demand by cannabis users for treatment has been increasing in most regions of the world. Currently there are no medications specifically for the treatment of cannabis use. This review sought to assess the effectiveness and safety of medications for the treatment of cannabis dependence. Search ...
  3. 3 Dec 2014
    Which talking therapies (counselling) work for drug users with alcohol problems? Updated
    Review question We wanted to determine whether talking therapies have an impact on alcohol problems in adult users of illicit drugs (mainly opiates and stimulants) and whether one type of therapy is more effective than another. Background Problematic use of alcohol (that is drinking above the recommended safe drinking limits) can lead to serious ...
  4. 1 Dec 2014
    School-based prevention for illicit drug use Updated
    Background Drug addiction is a long-term problem caused by an uncontrollable compulsion to seek drugs. It is a serious and growing problem. This makes it important to reduce the number of young people first using drugs, and to prevent the transition from experimental use to addiction. Schools offer the most systematic and efficient way of reaching ...
  5. 4 Nov 2014
    Does banning or restricting advertising for alcohol result in less drinking of alcohol?
    Review question In this review we ask the question whether banning or restricting the advertising of alcohol in any form will lead to people drinking less alcohol. The form of the ban could include banning alcohol advertisements on television, the internet or billboards, or in magazines. We were also interested in the harms that banning advertisements ...
  6. 24 Oct 2014
    Do school tobacco policies prevent uptake of smoking?
    Background: We reviewed the evidence that School tobacco policies (STPs) might prevent smoking initiation among adolescents, as there may be some evidence that the school environment can influence young people to smoke. STP is intended to regulate whether and where pupils can smoke, adult smoking in school, and penalties for pupils caught smoking. ...
  7. 29 Aug 2014
    Do exercise interventions help people quit smoking Podcast
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of exercise programmes in people who want to quit smoking. We looked at whether exercise programmes, either alone or combined with stop smoking programmes, helped more people to quit at six months or longer than stop smoking programmes alone or stop smoking programmes combined with health education. Background Specialist ...
  8. 20 Aug 2014
    Motivational interviewing (MI) for alcohol misuse in young adults is not effective enough
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of MI (a two-way approach of guiding others to bring out and strengthen the reasons for change) for alcohol misuse (risky, damaging or too much drinking) in young people. We found 66 studies. Background Damaging use of alcohol results in about 2.5 million deaths each year worldwide. ...
  9. 24 Jun 2014
    Maintenance treatments for opiate-dependent adolescents
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of maintenance treatment either alone or associated with psychosocial intervention compared with no intervention, placebo, other pharmacological intervention, pharmacological detoxification or psychosocial intervention in adolescents (13 to 18 years). Background Substance abuse among adolescents ...
  10. 3 Jun 2014
    Do printed self-help materials containing information about how to give up smoking help people to quit
    Background We reviewed the evidence that printed materials giving structured advice about how to stop smoking help people to quit. We looked for trials of any type of printed self-help material which gave structured support and advice about quitting. We also included materials in audio or video format but we did not include internet programmes or ...

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