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  1. 19 Sep 2014
    Skin preparation for preventing infection following caesarean section Updated
    Background Surgical site infections are the third most frequently reported hospital- acquired infection. Women who give birth by caesarean section are exposed to the possibility of infection from their own, and external or environmental, sources of infection. Preventing infection by properly preparing the skin before incision is thus a vital part of ...
  2. 14 Sep 2014
    Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infections (excluding group B streptococcal and HIV) Updated
    Bacteria live in women's vaginas and generally cause no problems. Very occasionally they infect the placenta during labour and can pass to the baby, causing an infection. These infections can occasionally make the baby very ill and very occasionally the baby might die. The review of three trials (3012 participants) found there was not enough information ...
  3. 11 Sep 2014
    Antidepressants for postnatal depression Updated
    Why is this review important? Postnatal depression is a common disorder that can have short- and long-term adverse effects on the mother, the new infant and the family as a whole. Antidepressants are commonly used as the first treatment option for adults with moderate to severe depression, but there is little evidence on whether antidepressants are ...
  4. 10 Sep 2014
    Cervical stitch for preventing preterm birth in women with a multiple pregnancy New
    Background Carrying more than one baby increases a woman's risk of delivering preterm. The risks increase with the number of babies being carried. Babies born prematurely are more likely to experience poor outcomes including serious ill health and death. Cervical cerclage is a surgical procedure carried out during pregnancy to try to prevent preterm ...
  5. 9 Sep 2014
    Vaginal cleansing before cesarean delivery to reduce post-cesarean infections Updated
    Cesarean deliveries are very common today, with almost one in three babies born by cesarean in some countries. Antibiotics are routinely given before or during the surgery to reduce the risk of infections, but some women still suffer from these complications. Between one in four and one in 10 women develop an infection of the uterus (endometritis) or ...
  6. 15 Aug 2014
    Magnesium sulphate for preventing preterm birth in threatened preterm labour Updated
    Even short-term postponement of birth when labour begins early (before 37 weeks) can help improve outcomes for babies, as the woman can take corticosteroid drugs to help develop the baby's lungs in a short time. Magnesium sulphate is one of the drugs that has been used to try to stop the uterus contracting in women who go into labour too soon. This ...
  7. 14 Aug 2014
    Hypnosis for induction of labour New
    Labour induction is the artificial stimulation of uterine contractions in order to bring about birth. It is commonly used in late pregnancy to address maternal and fetal problems. Induction of labour using pharmacological and mechanical methods can cause complications or side-effects such as bleeding, caesarean section uterine hyperstimulation and maternal ...
  8. 11 Aug 2014
    Closure versus non-closure of the peritoneum at caesarean section: long- and short-term outcome Updated
    Not stitching the peritoneum after caesarean section takes less theatre time and therefore has less cost, but information on possible long-term disadvantages are limited. There are many ways of performing a caesarean section and the techniques used depend on a number factors including the clinical situation and the preference of the operator. The peritoneum ...
  9. 31 Jul 2014
    Patterns of breastfeeding, according to the baby or according to the clock
    Patterns of breastfeeding can vary greatly from one country or place to another. Two very different approaches are often used to determine when the baby will breastfeed and for how long. One approach is led by the baby, and is known as baby-led, unrestricted or breastfeeding on demand. The clock leads the other approach, which is known as scheduled, ...
  10. 30 Jul 2014
    Breast milk expression during pregnancy by women with diabetes for improving infant outcomes
    Babies born to women who have diabetes during pregnancy, either already existing or gestational, are at increased risk of low blood sugars after birth. This is because the babies have been exposed to higher than usual blood sugar (glucose) levels during the pregnancy and so have been producing relatively high levels of insulin. Some of these babies ...

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