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  1. 22 Jul 2014
    Surgical techniques involving the uterus at caesarean section Updated
    Caesarean section is a common abdominal operation for surgical delivery of a baby and the placenta. Techniques vary depending on the clinical situation and surgeon preferences. Safe delivery is important for mother and infant. Any potential reduction of birth trauma to the infant has to be balanced against increased ill-health for the mother. Factors ...
  2. 10 Jul 2014
    Combinations of tocolytic drugs for inhibiting preterm labour New
    Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks) is the single largest cause of deaths and ill health for newborn babies and a major cause of complications for pregnant women. Tocolytic agents include a wide range of drugs that can slow or stop labour contractions so as to prolong pregnancy and potentially improve the health outcomes for the baby. Using a combination ...
  3. 4 Jul 2014
    Aspirin and/or heparin for women with unexplained recurrent miscarriage with or without inherited thrombophilia Updated
    Recurrent miscarriage is associated with inherited blood clotting disorders that could interfere with the placental blood circulation. Recurrent miscarriage can also be unexplained, with no known cause. Anticoagulant drugs such as aspirin or low molecular weight heparin may help women with recurrent miscarriage and such an underlying blood clotting ...
  4. 24 Jun 2014
    Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems Updated
    Evidence from randomised controlled trials shows that calcium supplements help prevent pre-eclampsia and preterm birth and lower the risk of a woman dying or having serious problems related to high blood pressure in pregnancy. This is particularly for women on low calcium diets. Pre-eclampsia is evident as high blood pressure and protein in the urine. ...
  5. 19 Jun 2014
    Vaginal prostaglandin (PGE2 and PGF2a) for induction of labour at term Updated
    Induction of labour is offered to pregnant women when it is thought the outcome will be better for the mother and/or baby if the baby is born than if the pregnancy continues. Common reasons include prolonged pregnancy, prelabour rupture of the membranes, concerns about the health of the mother such as pre-eclampsia or the baby such as poor growth. Prostaglandins ...
  6. 13 Jun 2014
    Oral misoprostol for induction of labour Updated
    Oral misoprostol is effective at inducing (starting) labour. It is more effective than placebo, as effective as vaginal misoprostol and results in fewer caesarean sections than vaginal dinoprostone or oxytocin. However, there are still not enough data from randomised controlled trials to determine the best dose to ensure safety. Induction of labour ...
  7. 11 Jun 2014
    Extra fluids for breastfeeding mothers for increasing milk production New
    The World Health Organization recommends breastfeeding for infants during the first six months of life. Despite this, many women wean their babies because of their perceived insufficient breast milk production. In many cases where mothers are concerned about their milk production they are encouraged to increase their fluid intake. The mother also needs ...
  8. 10 Jun 2014
    Intrapartum antibiotics for known maternal Group B streptococcal colonization Updated
    Women, men and children of all ages can be colonized with Group B streptococcus (GBS) bacteria without having any symptoms. Group B streptococcus are particularly found in the gastrointestinal tract, vagina and urethra. This is the situation in both developed and developing countries. About one in 2000 newborn babies have GBS bacterial infections, usually ...
  9. 6 Jun 2014
    Oxytocin receptor antagonists for inhibiting preterm labour Updated
    Tocolytic drugs suppress preterm labour and have the potential to postpone preterm birth long enough to, hopefully, improve infant outcome. This may be by allowing normal growth and maturation of the baby, or by allowing time for administration of magnesium sulphate to reduce risk of cerebral palsy and corticosteroids to help the baby's lungs and other ...
  10. 5 Jun 2014
    Calcium channel blockers for inhibiting preterm labour and birth
    Preterm birth is when a baby is born between 20 and 36 completed weeks' gestation. These babies are generally more ill and are less likely to survive than babies born at term. Preterm babies are also more likely to have some disability, and the earlier the baby is born the more likely they are to have problems. Even short-term postponement of preterm ...

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