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  1. 26 Jan 2015
    Antibiotic prophylaxis during the second second and third trimester in pregnancy to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes and morbidity Updated
    Antibiotics are administered to pregnant women during the second and third trimester of pregnancy (before labour) to prevent bacteria in the vagina and cervix affecting the pregnancy. Infection by some infectious organisms in a woman’s genital tract can cause health problems for the mother and her baby, and has been associated with preterm births. This ...
  2. 23 Jan 2015
    Pneumococcal vaccination during pregnancy for preventing infant infection Updated
    There is not enough evidence to assess whether using pneumococcal vaccination during pregnancy can prevent infant infections. Although the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease is variable across the world, the rate of serious illness or death is high in children who get this infection. The Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) organism colonizes ...
  3. 21 Jan 2015
    Different ways of Identifying women with gestational diabetes Updated
    Evidence is insufficient to permit judgement of which is the best way to identify women who have gestational diabetes. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that enables cells to absorb glucose to turn it into energy. During pregnancy, maternal resistance to insulin develops so that glucose can more easily cross the placenta to the growing foetus. ...
  4. 6 Jan 2015
    Monitoring pregnant women at home for detecting preterm labour Updated
    Preterm birth is a major cause of perinatal illness and death. Increased uterine contractions may be a sign of preterm labour, and treatment can inhibit the onset of labour, or prolong the pregnancy, giving time for treatment to improve the baby’s breathing at birth. However, many women do not recognise these contractions in time for treatment. If such ...
  5. 22 Dec 2014
    Prophylactic manual rotation for fetal malposition to reduce operative delivery and reduce complications for mothers and babies New
    Background Most babies are in a position where the baby is looking backwards (an anterior position for the back of the head) before and during delivery. When the baby is looking forwards (in the posterior position) or sideways (the transverse position), the baby's head has a wider profile in the birth canal so descent may be more difficult. The posterior ...
  6. 21 Dec 2014
    Vaginal cleansing before cesarean delivery to reduce post-cesarean infections Updated
    Cesarean deliveries are very common today, with almost one in three babies born by cesarean in some countries. Antibiotics are routinely given before or during the surgery to reduce the risk of infections, but some women still suffer from these complications. Between one in four and one in 10 women develop an infection of the uterus (endometritis) or ...
  7. 19 Dec 2014
    Elective repeat caesarean versus planned induction of labour for women with a previous caesarean birth Updated
    When a woman has had a previous caesarean birth and requires induction of labour in a subsequent pregnancy there are two options for her care, elective repeat caesarean or planned induction of labour. Both forms of care have benefits and risks associated with them. There were no randomised controlled trials to help women, their partners and their caregivers ...
  8. 19 Dec 2014
    Creatine for women in pregnancy for neuroprotection of the fetus New
    This review did not find any randomised controlled trials that looked at whether creatine, given to a mother in pregnancy, can help protect her baby's brain. The developing fetal brain is very vulnerable to injury, which may arise from infection in the uterus, insufficient blood flow to the placenta, and long-term reduced oxygen in the baby's blood. ...
  9. 19 Dec 2014
    Using antibiotics to treat intra-amniotic infection in pregnant women New
    Review question: Cochrane authors reviewed available evidence from randomized controlled trials on the use of antibiotics for the treatment of pregnant women with intra-amniotic infection (chorioamnionitis). Background: chorioamnionitis is a common occurrence among pregnant women that affects both mother and baby and usually results in referral to ...
  10. 15 Dec 2014
    Interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding women New
    Background Although the health benefits of breastfeeding are well established, many women discontinue breastfeeding within the first few weeks after birth. One common reason to discontinue breastfeeding is painful nipples. Study characteristics We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials database for clinical trials assessing ...

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