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  1. 15 Aug 2014
    Magnesium sulphate for preventing preterm birth in threatened preterm labour Updated
    Even short-term postponement of birth when labour begins early (before 37 weeks) can help improve outcomes for babies, as the woman can take corticosteroid drugs to help develop the baby's lungs in a short time. Magnesium sulphate is one of the drugs that has been used to try to stop the uterus contracting in women who go into labour too soon. This ...
  2. 14 Aug 2014
    Hypnosis for induction of labour New
    Labour induction is the artificial stimulation of uterine contractions in order to bring about birth. It is commonly used in late pregnancy to address maternal and fetal problems. Induction of labour using pharmacological and mechanical methods can cause complications or side-effects such as bleeding, caesarean section uterine hyperstimulation and maternal ...
  3. 11 Aug 2014
    Closure versus non-closure of the peritoneum at caesarean section: long- and short-term outcome Updated
    Not stitching the peritoneum after caesarean section takes less theatre time and therefore has less cost, but information on possible long-term disadvantages are limited. There are many ways of performing a caesarean section and the techniques used depend on a number factors including the clinical situation and the preference of the operator. The peritoneum ...
  4. 31 Jul 2014
    Patterns of breastfeeding, according to the baby or according to the clock New
    Patterns of breastfeeding can vary greatly from one country or place to another. Two very different approaches are often used to determine when the baby will breastfeed and for how long. One approach is led by the baby, and is known as baby-led, unrestricted or breastfeeding on demand. The clock leads the other approach, which is known as scheduled, ...
  5. 30 Jul 2014
    Breast milk expression during pregnancy by women with diabetes for improving infant outcomes New
    Babies born to women who have diabetes during pregnancy, either already existing or gestational, are at increased risk of low blood sugars after birth. This is because the babies have been exposed to higher than usual blood sugar (glucose) levels during the pregnancy and so have been producing relatively high levels of insulin. Some of these babies ...
  6. 22 Jul 2014
    Surgical techniques involving the uterus at caesarean section Updated
    Caesarean section is a common abdominal operation for surgical delivery of a baby and the placenta. Techniques vary depending on the clinical situation and surgeon preferences. Safe delivery is important for mother and infant. Any potential reduction of birth trauma to the infant has to be balanced against increased ill-health for the mother. Factors ...
  7. 10 Jul 2014
    Combinations of tocolytic drugs for inhibiting preterm labour New
    Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks) is the single largest cause of deaths and ill health for newborn babies and a major cause of complications for pregnant women. Tocolytic agents include a wide range of drugs that can slow or stop labour contractions so as to prolong pregnancy and potentially improve the health outcomes for the baby. Using a combination ...
  8. 4 Jul 2014
    Aspirin and/or heparin for women with unexplained recurrent miscarriage with or without inherited thrombophilia Updated
    Recurrent miscarriage is associated with inherited blood clotting disorders that could interfere with the placental blood circulation. Recurrent miscarriage can also be unexplained, with no known cause. Anticoagulant drugs such as aspirin or low molecular weight heparin may help women with recurrent miscarriage and such an underlying blood clotting ...
  9. 24 Jun 2014
    Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems
    Evidence from randomised controlled trials shows that calcium supplements help prevent pre-eclampsia and preterm birth and lower the risk of a woman dying or having serious problems related to high blood pressure in pregnancy. This is particularly for women on low calcium diets. Pre-eclampsia is evident as high blood pressure and protein in the urine. ...
  10. 19 Jun 2014
    Vaginal prostaglandin (PGE2 and PGF2a) for induction of labour at term
    Induction of labour is offered to pregnant women when it is thought the outcome will be better for the mother and/or baby if the baby is born than if the pregnancy continues. Common reasons include prolonged pregnancy, prelabour rupture of the membranes, concerns about the health of the mother such as pre-eclampsia or the baby such as poor growth. Prostaglandins ...

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