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  1. 25 Nov 2014
    Early additional food and fluids for healthy breastfed full-term infants Updated
    Human milk provides for growth, protection and development for babies. It is important to the health of the mother. Exclusive breastfeeding is an infant's consumption of human milk with no supplementation of any type, including no water, juice, non-human milk or foods. The effect of early supplementation may include decreased milk production due to ...
  2. 17 Nov 2014
    Comparing different types of antibiotics given routinely to women at caesarean section to prevent infections Updated
    Background Women undergoing caesarean section have an increased likelihood of infection compared with women who give birth vaginally. These infections can be in the urine, surgical incision, or the lining of the womb (endometritis). The infections can become serious, causing, for example, an abscess in the pelvis or infection in the blood, and very ...
  3. 14 Nov 2014
    Routinely shaving women in the area around the vagina on admission to hospital in labour Updated
    Women may have their pubic hairs shaved with a razor (perineal shaving) when they are admitted to hospital to give childbirth. This is done in the belief that shaving reduces the risk of infection if the perineum tears or a episiotomy is performed and that it makes suturing easier and helps with instrumental deliveries. Shaving is a routine procedure ...
  4. 12 Nov 2014
    Preventing or reducing partner violence against women during pregnancy Updated
    Violence against women by partners during pregnancy is a major public health concern. It can cause physical and psychological harm to women and may lead to pregnancy complications and poor outcomes for babies. It is not clear what sort of intervention best serves women and infants during pregnancy and after giving birth to ensure their safety. Interventions ...
  5. 11 Nov 2014
    Hepatitis B vaccination during pregnancy for preventing infant infection Updated
    Hepatitis B is an infection caused by the hepatitis B virus and occurs worldwide. For infants and children, the two main sources of the infection are transmission from an infected mother or living in an infected household. Perinatal transmission is common in highly endemic areas. Hepatitis B vaccines are available and require a series of three doses ...
  6. 6 Nov 2014
    Antibiotics for meconium-stained amniotic fluid in labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infections Updated
    Meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) is the result of waste material from the fetal colon passing into the mother's amniotic cavity. Its incidence increases in post-term pregnancies. Pregnant women with MSAF are more likely to develop maternal complications including inflammation of the fetal membranes caused by a bacterial infection (chorioamnionitis), ...
  7. 31 Oct 2014
    Ambroxol for women at risk of preterm birth for preventing neonatal respiratory distress syndrome New
    There is a lack of scientific research evidence for the routine use of ambroxol for women at risk of preterm birth for preventing neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). RDS is a disease caused by a deficiency of surfactants (substances that lower surface tension) in the lungs of newborn babies. These substances keep the alveoli at the ends of ...
  8. 30 Oct 2014
    Treatment for epilepsy in pregnant women and the development of the child New
    Background For most women who have epilepsy it is important for their health that they continue their medication during pregnancy. Over the last 25 years research has shown that children exposed to these medications in the womb can be at a higher risk of having a birth defect or poorer level of development. Research question This review ...
  9. 29 Oct 2014
    Antibiotics for rupture of membranes when a pregnant women is at or near term but not in labour Updated
    Background Sometimes the protective bag of fluid around an unborn baby (the membranes) break when the baby is due without the onset of labour (regular uterine contractions). This is called PROM or prelabour rupture of the membranes. When this happens there is a risk of infection entering the womb (uterus) and affecting the mother and her baby. Newborn ...
  10. 29 Oct 2014
    Antenatal screening tests for the prevention and treatment of syphilis New
    Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. A major public health issue in developing countries, the condition develops over four stages and is potentially fatal if untreated. A pregnant woman with syphilis can transmit the infection to her baby, which may result in a severe condition in liveborn infants, ...

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