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  1. 8 Jan 2015
    Antibiotics to treat respiratory infections caused by the bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae in children Updated
    Review question This review sought to answer the question of whether antibiotics are effective in the treatment of LRTIs caused by the bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) in children. Background M. pneumoniae is a bacterial infection, often responsible for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in children. The infection can present ...
  2. 7 Jan 2015
    Usefulness of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for acute bronchiolitis in children New
    Review question We reviewed the usefulness of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for acute bronchiolitis in children. Background Bronchiolitis is an inflammation of the small airways of the lung and is one of the most common causes of emergency department visits in young children. There are a lack of standard treatments for bronchiolitis. ...
  3. 23 Dec 2014
    Honey for acute cough in children Updated
    Review question We wanted to know if honey can reduce cough symptoms caused by bacteria and viruses in children. Background Cough is a cause for concern for parents and a major cause of outpatient visits in most clinics for both children and adults. Cough can affect quality of life, cause anxiety and affect sleep for parents and children. An ...
  4. 14 Dec 2014
    Surfactant for meconium aspiration syndrome in term and late preterm infants Updated
    Lay title: Surfactant treatment for infants who have inhaled meconium into the lungs in or around the time of birth Review question: Does the administration of surfactant improve lung function and lead to better clinical outcomes in infants born at or near term who have inhaled meconium in or around the time of birth? Background: The lungs of newborn ...
  5. 10 Dec 2014
    Oxygen therapy as part of the treatment for respiratory infections in children Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the beneficial effect of oxygen supplementation therapy as part of the treatment for children with acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). As oxygen may be administered using different delivery methods, we reviewed the most commonly used methods to deliver oxygen in children. As a secondary question, ...
  6. 3 Dec 2014
    Antibiotic treatment for nontuberculous mycobacteria in people with cystic fibrosis  Updated
    Nontuberculous mycobacteria are bacteria that are in the same family as tuberculosis and are commonly found in the soil and water. These bacteria can be found in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis and can cause their lung function to worsen. Although there are guidelines on which antibiotics to use to treat lung infection due to these bacteria, ...
  7. 28 Nov 2014
    Treatments to fight fungal infections which cause allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in people with cystic fibrosis
    Review question We planned to review evidence about the effect of treatments to fight fungal infections which cause allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in people with cystic fibrosis. Background Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an allergic lung reaction to a type of fungus (usually Aspergillus fumigatus) in some people with ...
  8. 24 Nov 2014
    Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings Podcast
    Review question We undertook a review to determine the effectiveness of over-the-counter cough medicines in reducing cough in children and adults in community settings. We found 29 trials involving 4835 people. Background Acute cough is a common and troublesome symptom in children and adults suffering from acute upper respiratory tract infection ...
  9. 21 Nov 2014
    Amantadine and rimantadine to prevent and treat influenza A in children and the elderly
    Review question As recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is currently used for people with influenza A. In previous pandemics, the virus was susceptible to amantadine and rimantadine. If they are safe and the circulating strain proves to be susceptible to these drugs, they could be an alternative for managing influenza. ...
  10. 18 Nov 2014
    Reminder systems to improve patient attendance at tuberculosis clinics
    This Cochrane Review summarizes trials evaluating the effects of reminder systems on attendance at tuberculosis (TB) clinics and completion of TB treatment. After searching for relevant trials up to 29 August 2014, we included nine trials, including 4654 people. What are reminder systems and how might they help? Effective treatment for TB requires ...

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