Search

Search results: 650

RSS Subscribe to this search More...
  1. 25 Jan 2015
    Macrolides for diffuse panbronchiolitis Updated
    Research question To summarise the evidence about the effect and safety of macrolide antibiotics for diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB). Background DPB, characterised by progressive airflow limitation and recurrent respiratory tract infection (RTI), is a chronic airways disease that mainly affects people in east Asia. The prevalence of DPB in Japan ...
  2. 18 Jan 2015
    Vitamin K supplementation for cystic fibrosis Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence to see whether supplementing vitamin K in people with cystic fibrosis counteracts the effects of deficiency on blood clotting, bone strength and quality of life in people with cystic fibrosis. We tried to determine the best dose needed to prevent this deficiency. Background Cystic fibrosis is an inherited ...
  3. 14 Jan 2015
    Comparing the effect of different courses of radiotherapy to the chest for patients with incurable lung cancer
    Review Question What is the best way to give radiotherapy to patients with incurable lung cancer. What doses give the best balance between symptom control and side effects? Does giving more radiotherapy improve the chance of a patient being alive in one or two years? Background In most developed countries lung cancer is one of the commonest tumours. ...
  4. 14 Jan 2015
    Different methods of ventilation (controlling pressure vs volume) for people with acute respiratory failure due to lung injury New
    Review question We reviewed available evidence for the safety and efficacy of controlling pressure versus controlling volume of air delivered during mechanical ventilation in critically ill adults with acute respiratory failure due to lung injury. We found three relevant studies. Background Acute respiratory failure due to acute lung injury (ALI) ...
  5. 12 Jan 2015
    Timing of tracheostomy for critically ill patients who are predicted to be on long-term artificial respiration Updated
    Review question: We reviewed available evidence on the effects of early tracheostomy (≤ 10 days after tracheal intubation) as compared with late tracheostomy (> 10 days after tracheal intubation) in terms of mortality in critically ill patients who predicted to be on long-term artificial respiration. Background: Tracheostomy is a surgical procedure ...
  6. 10 Jan 2015
    Indacaterol for the treatment of people with stable COPD New
    Review question 1. What is the effect of regular treatment with indacaterol versus no treatment on stable COPD? 2. What is the effect of regular treatment with indacaterol versus twice-daily beta2-agonists on stable COPD? Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease that causes shortness of breath and impairs ...
  7. 8 Jan 2015
    Antibiotics to treat respiratory infections caused by the bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae in children Updated
    Review question This review sought to answer the question of whether antibiotics are effective in the treatment of LRTIs caused by the bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) in children. Background M. pneumoniae is a bacterial infection, often responsible for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in children. The infection can present ...
  8. 7 Jan 2015
    Usefulness of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for acute bronchiolitis in children New
    Review question We reviewed the usefulness of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for acute bronchiolitis in children. Background Bronchiolitis is an inflammation of the small airways of the lung and is one of the most common causes of emergency department visits in young children. There are a lack of standard treatments for bronchiolitis. ...
  9. 6 Jan 2015
    Dexmedetomidine and clonidine for long-term sedation during mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients New
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine and clonidine (known as alpha-2 agonists) for long-term sedation during mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Background Sedation is an important treatment for critically ill patients who need a machine to support ...
  10. 6 Jan 2015
    Protocol-directed sedation to reduce duration of mechanical ventilation New
    Review question We reviewed the evidence to determine if the use of protocol-directed sedation reduced the duration of mechanical ventilation (method to mechanically assist breathing) in critically ill people. Background Determining the sedation needs of critically ill people is an important part of critical care to assist recovery and ensure humane ...

Pages

RSS Subscribe to this search More...