Search

Search results: 602

RSS Subscribe to this search More...
  1. 19 Sep 2014
    Effectiveness and safety of inhalers containing the drug aclidinium bromide for managing patients with stable COPD New
    Review question We reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness and safety of aclidinium inhalers used by people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Background COPD, also known as 'smoker's lung disease', includes conditions called emphysema and chronic bronchitis where there is airway narrowing that cannot be fully corrected. It is ...
  2. 17 Sep 2014
    Acellular vaccines for preventing whooping cough (pertussis) in children Updated
    Review question We aimed to answer the question of whether acellular pertussis vaccines are as effective as the whole-cell vaccines at protecting children against whooping cough (pertussis), but with fewer side effects. Background Whooping cough can be a serious respiratory infection in children and is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis ...
  3. 15 Sep 2014
    Rapid viral testing for children in the Emergency Department with fever and respiratory symptoms Updated
    Review question Does rapid viral testing in the Emergency Department influence the treatment of children with fever and breathing symptoms? Background Otherwise healthy children, aged 0 to 18 years, admitted to Emergency Departments (EDs) with fever and respiratory symptoms represent a major burden to the healthcare system, as well as significant ...
  4. 9 Sep 2014
    Haemophilus influenzae oral vaccination for preventing acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease New
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of a non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (H. influenzae) (NTHi) vaccine in preventing repeated H. influenzae infections in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or chronic bronchitis. Background People with COPD can often have frequent infections that worsen symptoms of ...
  5. 9 Sep 2014
    SmartCare™ versus non-automated weaning strategies for weaning time in invasively ventilated critically ill adults New
    The process of discontinuing mechanical ventilation is known as weaning. During weaning, the work of breathing is transferred from the ventilator to the patient. Weaning is typically achieved by clinicians reducing ventilator support and/or conducting tests to determine whether a patient can breathe on his/her own. SmartCare™ is a unique system that ...
  6. 8 Sep 2014
    Self-management education for cystic fibrosis Updated
    We set out to review the effects of self-management education for cystic fibrosis on a range of health outcomes in individuals of all ages with cystic fibrosis and their caregivers. Our search for available evidence identified four trials, and all four compared a form of self-management education to standard treatment. The precise focus of self management ...
  7. 1 Sep 2014
    Do systemic corticosteroids improve treatment outcomes in flare-ups of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? Updated
    Why is this question important? Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), also referred to as emphysema or chronic bronchitis, is a long-term lung condition commonly associated with smoking. People with COPD usually have persistent symptoms of breathlessness and may experience flare-ups (exacerbations) on occasion, often precipitated by infection, ...
  8. 29 Aug 2014
    Do exercise interventions help people quit smoking Podcast Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of exercise programmes in people who want to quit smoking. We looked at whether exercise programmes, either alone or combined with stop smoking programmes, helped more people to quit at six months or longer than stop smoking programmes alone or stop smoking programmes combined with health education. Background Specialist ...
  9. 7 Aug 2014
    What are the effects of vitamins E and C, beta-carotene, selenium and glutathione on lung disease in people with cystic fibrosis? Updated
    Background Frequent chest infections in people with cystic fibrosis cause long-lasting inflammation in their lungs. Cells causing inflammation produce a kind of oxygen molecule (reactive oxygen species (ROS)) which can easily harm proteins and DNA (oxidative damage). To fight these effects, the body may produce antioxidants. The genetic defect in ...
  10. 7 Aug 2014
    Using steroids and cyclophosphamide together as a treatment for paraquat poisoning Updated
    Paraquat is an effective and widely used herbicide but is also a lethal poison. In many developing countries paraquat is widely available and inexpensive, making poisoning prevention difficult. However most of the people who become poisoned from paraquat have taken it as a means of suicide. Standard care for removing paraquat from the body involves ...

Pages

RSS Subscribe to this search More...