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  1. 21 Jul 2014
    Tiotropium for managing COPD
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease which includes the conditions, chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It is caused by smoking or inhaled dust, which leads to blockage or narrowing of the airways. The symptoms include breathlessness and a chronic cough. Tiotropium is an inhaled medication that helps widen the airways (bronchodilator) ...
  2. 20 Jul 2014
    The use of vibrating devices to help people with cystic fibrosis clear their airways of mucus Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of vibrating devices (e.g. Flutter, acapella, cornet, Quake®, intrapulmonary percussive ventilation, high frequency chest wall oscillators (e.g. Vest), VibraLung and MetaNeb) to help people with cystic fibrosis clear their airways of mucus. Background People with cystic fibrosis have too ...
  3. 17 Jul 2014
    Is water-based exercise an effective and safe type of exercise for adults with asthma? New
    Asthma is a common condition in which inflammation and narrowing of the air conducting tubes may cause intermittent symptoms, possibly limiting activities of daily life. Some adults believe that exercise could trigger an asthma attack. However, research has shown the opposite—that adults who exercise may have less chance of having an asthma attack, ...
  4. 16 Jul 2014
    Do inhaled corticosteroids reduce growth in children with persistent asthma? New
    Review question: We reviewed the evidence on whether inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) could affect growth in children with persistent asthma, that is, a more severe asthma that requires regular use of medications for control of symptoms. Background: Treatment guidelines for asthma recommend ICS as first-line therapy for children with persistent asthma. ...
  5. 16 Jul 2014
    Does altering the dose of inhaled corticosteroids make a difference in growth among children with asthma? New
    Background Asthma guidelines recommend inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) as the first choice of treatment for children with persistent asthma that is not well controlled when only a reliever inhaler is used to treat symptoms. Steroids work by reducing inflammation in the lungs and are known to control underlying symptoms of asthma. However, parents and ...
  6. 7 Jul 2014
    Interventions to increase influenza (flu) vaccination uptake for people aged 60 and older Updated
    Many health authorities recommend influenza vaccination of older people. However, vaccination uptake in people aged 60 and older varies across countries, socioeconomic and health-risk groups. It is important to identify effective interventions to increase influenza vaccination uptake. We included 57 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with 896,531 participants ...
  7. 24 Jun 2014
    Portable oxygen for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Updated
    Background Some people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have low oxygen levels in their blood when they are resting or when moving. Low oxygen levels are known as hypoxaemia. These patients can carry around an oxygen supply (oxygen in small cylinders, portable liquid oxygen systems or battery-powered oxygen concentrators) so that they ...
  8. 18 Jun 2014
    Psychological treatments to help individuals with cystic fibrosis and their caregivers manage the disease Updated
    Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that damages many of the body's organs and can shorten a person's life span. The disease is progressive, stressful to manage, and needs complex and time-consuming treatments, leaving patients and caregivers stressed due to the challenges of the treatment. Thus, individuals with cystic fibrosis and their family members ...
  9. 17 Jun 2014
    Bronchodilators for bronchiolitis for infants with first-time wheezing Updated
    What is bronchiolitis? Bronchiolitis is an acute, highly contagious, viral infection of the lungs that is common in infants 0 to 12 months of age. It occurs every year in the winter months. It causes the small airways in the lungs to become inflamed and fill with debris. The airways are narrowed and this leads to blocking of the free passage of air. ...
  10. 17 Jun 2014
    Vitamins C and E for asthma and exercise-induced breathlessness New
    Review question We considered in this review whether vitamins C and E, when taken together daily, may be helpful for people with asthma or exercise-induced breathlessness. Background Asthma is an inflammatory lung condition characterised by narrowing of the airways; it is associated with breathlessness, chest tightness, cough and wheezing. The condition ...

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