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  1. 24 Nov 2014
    Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings Updated
    Review question We undertook a review to determine the effectiveness of over-the-counter cough medicines in reducing cough in children and adults in community settings. We found 29 trials involving 4835 people. Background Acute cough is a common and troublesome symptom in children and adults suffering from acute upper respiratory tract infection ...
  2. 21 Nov 2014
    Amantadine and rimantadine to prevent and treat influenza A in children and the elderly Updated
    Review question As recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is currently used for people with influenza A. In previous pandemics, the virus was susceptible to amantadine and rimantadine. If they are safe and the circulating strain proves to be susceptible to these drugs, they could be an alternative for managing influenza. ...
  3. 19 Nov 2014
    Interventions aimed at communities for informing and/or educating about early childhood vaccination New
    Researchers in The Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of the effect of informing or educating members of the community about early childhood vaccination. After searching for all relevant studies, they found two studies, published in 2007 and 2009. Their findings are summarised below. What are interventions aimed at communities for childhood ...
  4. 18 Nov 2014
    Reminder systems to improve patient attendance at tuberculosis clinics Updated
    This Cochrane Review summarizes trials evaluating the effects of reminder systems on attendance at tuberculosis (TB) clinics and completion of TB treatment. After searching for relevant trials up to 29 August 2014, we included nine trials, including 4654 people. What are reminder systems and how might they help? Effective treatment for TB requires ...
  5. 17 Nov 2014
    Comparing different types of antibiotics given routinely to women at caesarean section to prevent infections Updated
    Background Women undergoing caesarean section have an increased likelihood of infection compared with women who give birth vaginally. These infections can be in the urine, surgical incision, or the lining of the womb (endometritis). The infections can become serious, causing, for example, an abscess in the pelvis or infection in the blood, and very ...
  6. 12 Nov 2014
    Adjunctive steroid therapy for managing pulmonary tuberculosis New
    Pulmonary tuberculosis is a common infectious disease. Although curable with standard anti-pulmonary tuberculosis drugs, it has been reported that an individuals recovery could be improved by adding corticosteroids to their treatment. Current clinical guidelines advise the use of corticosteroids for treatment of other types of tuberculosis; tuberculosis ...
  7. 11 Nov 2014
    Hepatitis B vaccination during pregnancy for preventing infant infection Updated
    Hepatitis B is an infection caused by the hepatitis B virus and occurs worldwide. For infants and children, the two main sources of the infection are transmission from an infected mother or living in an infected household. Perinatal transmission is common in highly endemic areas. Hepatitis B vaccines are available and require a series of three doses ...
  8. 11 Nov 2014
    Garlic for the common cold Updated
    Background Garlic is popularly believed to be useful for the common cold. This belief is based on traditional use and some laboratory evidence that garlic has antibacterial and antiviral properties. On average, adults have two to four common colds per year. Study characteristics The evidence is current to the 7 August 2014. Of the eight studies ...
  9. 6 Nov 2014
    Antibiotics for meconium-stained amniotic fluid in labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infections Updated
    Meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) is the result of waste material from the fetal colon passing into the mother's amniotic cavity. Its incidence increases in post-term pregnancies. Pregnant women with MSAF are more likely to develop maternal complications including inflammation of the fetal membranes caused by a bacterial infection (chorioamnionitis), ...
  10. 6 Nov 2014
    Use of rapid point-of-care testing for infection to guide doctors prescribing antibiotics for acute respiratory infections in primary care settings New
    Review question We reviewed the evidence of the effect and safety of a rapid test of infection at point-of-care for using antibiotics in people with acute respiratory infections (ARIs) (e.g. common colds) in primary care. Background Antibiotic treatment is common in ARIs despite the fact that the vast majority are caused by viruses, against which ...

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