Search

Search results: 601

RSS Subscribe to this search More...
  1. 14 Dec 2014
    Antibacterial chlorhexidine applied to the vagina during labour to prevent early-onset group B streptococcal infection in the newborn Updated
    There is no evidence to show that washing the vagina with the antibacterial liquid chlorhexidine or using a chlorhexidine gel during labour reduces group B β-hemolytic streptococcal (GBS) infections in babies. A woman's vagina normally contains numerous bacteria that generally do not pose any problems to her or her baby. However, occasionally a baby ...
  2. 14 Dec 2014
    Surfactant for meconium aspiration syndrome in term and late preterm infants Updated
    Lay title: Surfactant treatment for infants who have inhaled meconium into the lungs in or around the time of birth Review question: Does the administration of surfactant improve lung function and lead to better clinical outcomes in infants born at or near term who have inhaled meconium in or around the time of birth? Background: The lungs of newborn ...
  3. 10 Dec 2014
    Oxygen therapy as part of the treatment for respiratory infections in children Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the beneficial effect of oxygen supplementation therapy as part of the treatment for children with acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). As oxygen may be administered using different delivery methods, we reviewed the most commonly used methods to deliver oxygen in children. As a secondary question, ...
  4. 8 Dec 2014
    HIV prevention advice for people with serious mental illness New
    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a condition in humans in which our immune systems steadily begins to fail and allows life-threatening infections and cancers. People with mental illness have higher than usual rates of HIV than in the general population. Despite this, UK national strategies around sexual health and HIV prevention do not state ...
  5. 5 Dec 2014
    When should antibiotics be given to prevent infectious complications after cesarean birth? New
    People who undergo surgery are at risk of developing infections, which complicate their recovery. In order to prevent these infections and reduce complications, antibiotics are sometimes given as a preventative (or prophylactic) treatment. The antibiotics are generally given approximately 60 minutes before the operation so that adequate tissue concentrations ...
  6. 3 Dec 2014
    Antibiotic treatment for nontuberculous mycobacteria in people with cystic fibrosis  Updated
    Nontuberculous mycobacteria are bacteria that are in the same family as tuberculosis and are commonly found in the soil and water. These bacteria can be found in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis and can cause their lung function to worsen. Although there are guidelines on which antibiotics to use to treat lung infection due to these bacteria, ...
  7. 28 Nov 2014
    Treatments to fight fungal infections which cause allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in people with cystic fibrosis Updated
    Review question We planned to review evidence about the effect of treatments to fight fungal infections which cause allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in people with cystic fibrosis. Background Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an allergic lung reaction to a type of fungus (usually Aspergillus fumigatus) in some people with ...
  8. 24 Nov 2014
    Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings Updated
    Review question We undertook a review to determine the effectiveness of over-the-counter cough medicines in reducing cough in children and adults in community settings. We found 29 trials involving 4835 people. Background Acute cough is a common and troublesome symptom in children and adults suffering from acute upper respiratory tract infection ...
  9. 21 Nov 2014
    Amantadine and rimantadine to prevent and treat influenza A in children and the elderly Updated
    Review question As recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is currently used for people with influenza A. In previous pandemics, the virus was susceptible to amantadine and rimantadine. If they are safe and the circulating strain proves to be susceptible to these drugs, they could be an alternative for managing influenza. ...
  10. 19 Nov 2014
    Interventions aimed at communities for informing and/or educating about early childhood vaccination New
    Researchers in The Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of the effect of informing or educating members of the community about early childhood vaccination. After searching for all relevant studies, they found two studies, published in 2007 and 2009. Their findings are summarised below. What are interventions aimed at communities for childhood ...

Pages

RSS Subscribe to this search More...