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  1. 7 Feb 2014
    Blood transfusions in patients with heart problems requiring surgery on their heart
    This review aims to determine the current evidence on the impact of red blood cell transfusion on patients born with heart problems undergoing heart surgery. Background Between four and nine children out of every 1000 born alive have hearts that have not formed properly. Heart surgery may allow a child to live and grow or may correct the defect in ...
  2. 23 Jul 2013
    Preoperative statin therapy for patients undergoing cardiac surgery
    Cardiac surgery offers a highly efficient therapeutic option to patients with heart disease, but bears at the same time a significant risk of the development of post-operative adverse events. Despite the increasing proportion of patients referring to cardiac surgery with major comorbidities, the operative results have remained stable during the past ...
  3. 6 Jun 2013
    Epidural analgesia for heart surgery
    The use of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) in heart surgery is controversial. TEA produces a high level of pain relief and may reduce some of the adverse effects that are associated with heart surgery. Along with these potential benefits of TEA there is a widespread fear that TEA could cause bleeding into the epidural space (haematoma). We have conducted ...
  4. 31 Jan 2013
    Intervention is favored in the prevention of post-operative atrial fibrillation after heart surgery
    Atrial fibrillation after heart surgery is a common complication that has been associated with poor outcomes. We reviewed the literature to better understand the role of preventative interventions for this condition. By combining the results of 118 studies with 17,364 participants, we are able to gain a better understanding of the evidence behind each ...
  5. 14 Nov 2012
    Preoperative physical therapy for elective cardiac surgery patients
    Patients undergoing cardiac surgery are at risk of postoperative pulmonary complications such as pneumonia. These complications prolong postoperative recovery and may even lead to death. Increased physical fitness improves people's functional capacity, including their lungs, and could result in individuals being better prepared to withstand the consequences ...
  6. 18 Jan 2012
    Staples versus sutures for closing leg wounds after vein graft harvesting for coronary artery bypass surgery
    Surgical wounds are usually closed by using either an interrupted or continuous suture using absorbable or non absorbable suture materials. Skin staples are an alternative to sutures and are usually used at the discretion of the surgeon. Skin wound closure with metallic clips is considered to be a fast and effective alternative to sutures. Furthermore, ...
  7. 7 Jul 2010
    Mediastinal chest drain clearance following cardiac surgery
    Chest tubes are required following cardiac surgery to drain blood from around the heart. Blood around the heart can interfere with the function of the heart (cardiac tamponade) and result in more surgery and in extreme cases, death. To prevent chest tubes from blocking and so causing tamponade nurses manipulate them to prevent or remove clots. Manipulation ...
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