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  1. 21 Jul 2014
    Endovascular treatment for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm Updated
    The abdominal aorta is the main artery supplying blood to the lower part of the body. An abnormal ballooning and weakening of the wall of the aorta (aortic aneurysm) particularly affects men as they grow older. An aneurysm may progressively enlarge without obvious symptoms yet it is potentially lethal as the aneurysm can burst (rupture) causing massive ...
  2. 18 Jul 2014
    Exercise for reducing intermittent claudication symptoms Updated
    Intermittent claudication is a cramping leg pain that develops when walking and is relieved with rest. It is caused by inadequate blood flow to the leg muscles because of atherosclerosis (fatty deposits restricting blood flow through the arteries). People with mild-to-moderate claudication are advised to keep walking, stop smoking and reduce cardiovascular ...
  3. 18 Jul 2014
    Does the speed of injection make a difference to the amount of pain and bruising in people having heparin injections? New
    Heparin is a drug used to help stop blood from clotting. It comes in two forms - unfractionated heparin and low molecular weight heparin. These are usually given by injection just underneath the skin. The heparin goes into the layer of fat under the skin so that it is released slowly into the body.This type of injection can sometimes cause bruising ...
  4. 8 Jul 2014
    Blood thinners for the long-term treatment of blood clots in patients with cancer Updated
    Background Patients with cancer are at an increased risk of developing blood clots and might respond differently to blood thinners (anticoagulants) compared with patients without cancer. Study characteristics We searched scientific databases for clinical trials looking at the effects of long-term treatment with different blood thinners on blood ...
  5. 4 Jul 2014
    Modes of exercise training for intermittent claudication New
    Intermittent claudication is a cramping leg pain that develops during exercise and is relieved by a short period of rest. It is caused by inadequate blood flow to the muscles of the leg because of atherosclerosis (hardening and narrowing of the arteries). Intermittent claudication is closely associated with other vascular diseases, such as a heart attack ...
  6. 1 Jul 2014
    Oral blood thinners in patients with cancer Updated
    Background This review assessed the effects of oral anticoagulation (blood-thinning drugs) in people with cancer on survival, thromboembolic events, and bleeding outcomes. Study characteristics We searched the scientific literature for studies of anticoagulants in people with cancer. The evidence is current to February 2013. Key results We found ...
  7. 27 Jun 2014
    Heparins reduce the number of heart attacks but caused more minor bleeding after non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes compared with placebo Podcast Updated
    Blood clots in the arteries leading to the heart can cause acute coronary syndromes: unstable angina (a feeling of tightness in the chest) or a type of heart attack (non-ST segment myocardial infarction - NSTEMI). Drugs that prevent clots from forming (such as aspirin) or thin the blood (such as heparin) can relieve the problem. Unfractionated heparin ...
  8. 26 Jun 2014
    Blood thinners for the prevention of clots in patients with cancer undergoing surgery Updated
    Background Patients with cancer undergoing surgical procedures are at an increased risk of blood clots. The blood thinner administered to prevent these clots can be either an unfractionated heparin (UFH) or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). These two blood thinners may have different effectiveness and safety profiles. Study characteristics We ...
  9. 25 Jun 2014
    Promoting patient uptake and adherence in cardiac rehabilitation Updated
    Background Cardiac rehabilitation programs aid recovery from cardiac events such as heart attacks, coronary stent placement, and bypass surgery and reduce the likelihood of further illness. Cardiac rehabilitation programs vary, but usually include one or more of the following: exercise, education, and psychological counselling/support. Despite the ...
  10. 24 Jun 2014
    Angioplasty versus angioplasty plus stenting for lesions of the superficial femoral artery Updated
    Intermittent claudication is pain in the leg that is brought on by walking and which is relieved by rest. The pain is a result of insufficient blood flow to the muscles of the leg due to narrowing of the arteries by atherosclerosis. People who have narrowing of the main artery in the thigh, the superficial femoral artery, and intermittent claudication ...

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