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  1. 20 Nov 2014
    Surgical interventions for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps New
    Background Benign nasal polyps are abnormal tissue growths inside the nasal passages and sinuses, often on both sides of the nose. They can cause a wide array of symptoms including blocked nose, poor sense of smell that can lead to a loss of taste, runny nose and nasal congestion. Sinuses are air-filled cavities in the bones of the face, which are ...
  2. 19 Nov 2014
    Surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) for chronic or recurrent acute tonsillitis Updated
    Review question This review compared the clinical effectiveness and safety of surgery (removal of the tonsils - tonsillectomy, or adenotonsillectomy - removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissues) against non-surgical management in adults and children with frequent or chronic tonsillitis. Background Surgical removal of the tonsils is a commonly performed ...
  3. 11 Nov 2014
    Garlic for the common cold Podcast Updated
    Background Garlic is popularly believed to be useful for the common cold. This belief is based on traditional use and some laboratory evidence that garlic has antibacterial and antiviral properties. On average, adults have two to four common colds per year. Study characteristics The evidence is current to the 7 August 2014. Of the eight studies ...
  4. 27 Oct 2014
    Decongestants, antihistamines and nasal irrigation for acute sinusitis in children Updated
    Review question The goal of this review was to determine whether there is any evidence in the medical literature for or against the use of decongestants, antihistamines and nasal irrigation for acute sinusitis in children. Background Young children experience an average of six to eight colds per year. Out of every 10 children with a cold, one develops ...
  5. 11 Sep 2014
    Tonsillectomy for PFAPA syndrome (a rare cause of recurrent fever, mouth ulcers, sore throat and swollen neck glands)
    Review question This review compared the clinical effectiveness and safety of removing the palatine tonsils (tonsillectomy), with and without removal of the adenoids, against non-surgical management of children with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. We searched for and included any randomised ...
  6. 16 Jul 2014
    Interventions to improve hearing aid use in adult auditory rehabilitation
    Review question We wanted to know if any interventions helped people to wear their hearing aids more. We measured effects over the short term (less than 12 weeks), medium term (from 12 to 52 weeks) and long term (one year plus). Background Hearing loss is very common. People who get hearing loss as adults are often offered a hearing aid(s). ...
  7. 1 Jul 2014
    Drugs to prevent hearing loss in children receiving platinum chemotherapy for cancer
    Platinum-based chemotherapy, including cisplatin, carboplatin and/or oxaliplatin, is used in the treatment of different types of childhood cancer. Unfortunately, one of the most important adverse effects of platinum chemotherapy is hearing loss. This can occur not only during treatment but also years after the end of treatment. Although hearing loss ...
  8. 29 Jun 2014
    Zinc supplements for preventing middle ear infections
    Background Middle ear infections are common, especially among young children, usually causing earache and some temporary (occasionally permanent) hearing loss. Zinc is an essential micronutrient, which has a role in the optimal functioning of the immune system and resistance to infection. It must be consumed regularly as it cannot be stored in the ...
  9. 26 Jun 2014
    Different infusion durations for preventing platinum-induced hearing loss in children with cancer
    Platinum-based chemotherapy, including cisplatin, carboplatin or oxaliplatin, or a combination of these, is used to treat different types of childhood cancer. Unfortunately, one of the most important adverse effects of platinum chemotherapy is hearing loss. This can occur not only during treatment but also years after the end of treatment. Although ...
  10. 5 Jun 2014
    Photodynamic therapy for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis
    Background Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is a condition of the mucosal lining of the upper airway, which leads to multiple benign, wart-like growths (papilloma). Although not cancerous, it can lead to serious problems, including hoarseness and airway obstruction. The main treatment is repeated surgical removal of the papilloma using a laser ...

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