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  1. 16 Dec 2014
    Stereotactic radiotherapy for the treatment of vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma) New
    Vestibular schwannomas, also known as acoustic neuromas, are benign tumours of the eighth cranial nerve (responsible for hearing and balance). They can be treated by surgery or stereotactic radiotherapy (precisely delivered, focused brain irradiation), or just kept under observation because they may grow quite slowly or may not grow at all. We searched ...
  2. 12 Dec 2014
    Radiotherapy versus open surgery versus endolaryngeal surgery (with or without laser) for early larynx cancer Updated
    Background Cancer of the larynx or voice box usually begins in the glottis (vocal cords) as a squamous cell cancer (cancer in the membranes). Most people survive these cancers when they get treatment early, before the cancer spreads further into the larynx and surrounding area. Options include radiotherapy, open surgery where access is through the ...
  3. 8 Dec 2014
    The Epley manoeuvre for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) Updated
    Background Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is caused by a rapid change in head movement. The person feels they or their surroundings are moving or rotating. Common causes are head trauma or ear infection. BPPV can be caused by debris in the semicircular canal of the ear, which continues to move after the head has stopped moving. This causes ...
  4. 1 Dec 2014
    Surgical versus medical interventions for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps New
    Background Nasal polyps are common, benign swellings of the lining of the nose. In some people they may cause no symptoms, but in others they may lead to nasal obstruction, congestion, facial pressure and anosmia (loss of sense of smell). The incidence of symptomatic nasal polyps increases with age and they are more common in men than in women. The ...
  5. 24 Nov 2014
    Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings Updated
    Review question We undertook a review to determine the effectiveness of over-the-counter cough medicines in reducing cough in children and adults in community settings. We found 29 trials involving 4835 people. Background Acute cough is a common and troublesome symptom in children and adults suffering from acute upper respiratory tract infection ...
  6. 20 Nov 2014
    Surgical interventions for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps New
    Background Benign nasal polyps are abnormal tissue growths inside the nasal passages and sinuses, often on both sides of the nose. They can cause a wide array of symptoms including blocked nose, poor sense of smell that can lead to a loss of taste, runny nose and nasal congestion. Sinuses are air-filled cavities in the bones of the face, which are ...
  7. 19 Nov 2014
    Surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) for chronic or recurrent acute tonsillitis Updated
    Review question This review compared the clinical effectiveness and safety of surgery (removal of the tonsils - tonsillectomy, or adenotonsillectomy - removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissues) against non-surgical management in adults and children with frequent or chronic tonsillitis. Background Surgical removal of the tonsils is a commonly performed ...
  8. 11 Nov 2014
    Garlic for the common cold Updated
    Background Garlic is popularly believed to be useful for the common cold. This belief is based on traditional use and some laboratory evidence that garlic has antibacterial and antiviral properties. On average, adults have two to four common colds per year. Study characteristics The evidence is current to the 7 August 2014. Of the eight studies ...
  9. 27 Oct 2014
    Decongestants, antihistamines and nasal irrigation for acute sinusitis in children
    Review question The goal of this review was to determine whether there is any evidence in the medical literature for or against the use of decongestants, antihistamines and nasal irrigation for acute sinusitis in children. Background Young children experience an average of six to eight colds per year. Out of every 10 children with a cold, one develops ...
  10. 11 Sep 2014
    Tonsillectomy for PFAPA syndrome (a rare cause of recurrent fever, mouth ulcers, sore throat and swollen neck glands)
    Review question This review compared the clinical effectiveness and safety of removing the palatine tonsils (tonsillectomy), with and without removal of the adenoids, against non-surgical management of children with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. We searched for and included any randomised ...

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