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  1. 11 Nov 2014
    Garlic for the common cold Podcast Updated
    Background Garlic is popularly believed to be useful for the common cold. This belief is based on traditional use and some laboratory evidence that garlic has antibacterial and antiviral properties. On average, adults have two to four common colds per year. Study characteristics The evidence is current to the 7 August 2014. Of the eight studies ...
  2. 27 Oct 2014
    Decongestants, antihistamines and nasal irrigation for acute sinusitis in children Updated
    Review question The goal of this review was to determine whether there is any evidence in the medical literature for or against the use of decongestants, antihistamines and nasal irrigation for acute sinusitis in children. Background Young children experience an average of six to eight colds per year. Out of every 10 children with a cold, one develops ...
  3. 25 Oct 2014
    Probiotics for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia New
    Review question To critically assess the current evidence from published studies relating to the effect of probiotics for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Background VAP is a condition that can occur in patients who have been mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hours and can significantly increase the likelihood of death within ...
  4. 7 Aug 2014
    What are the effects of vitamins E and C, beta-carotene, selenium and glutathione on lung disease in people with cystic fibrosis?
    Background Frequent chest infections in people with cystic fibrosis cause long-lasting inflammation in their lungs. Cells causing inflammation produce a kind of oxygen molecule (reactive oxygen species (ROS)) which can easily harm proteins and DNA (oxidative damage). To fight these effects, the body may produce antioxidants. The genetic defect in ...
  5. 17 Jun 2014
    Vitamins C and E for asthma and exercise-induced breathlessness
    Review question We considered in this review whether vitamins C and E, when taken together daily, may be helpful for people with asthma or exercise-induced breathlessness. Background Asthma is an inflammatory lung condition characterised by narrowing of the airways; it is associated with breathlessness, chest tightness, cough and wheezing. The condition ...
  6. 10 Jun 2014
    The effects of singing on lung function and quality of life in children and adults with cystic fibrosis
    People with cystic fibrosis are at risk of chest infections due to abnormally thick mucus in their airways. Airway clearance is therefore an important part of cystic fibrosis management. Increasing anecdotal reports suggests that singing may support lung function and enhance quality of life in people with cystic fibrosis. We searched for trials using ...
  7. 14 May 2014
    The use of regular vitamin A preparations for children and adults with cystic fibrosis
    Cystic fibrosis can lead to certain vitamins, such as vitamin A, not being properly absorbed by the body. This can result in problems caused by vitamin deficiency. A lack of vitamin A (vitamin A deficiency) can cause specific problems such as eye and skin problems. It can also be associated with poorer general and respiratory health. Therefore people ...
  8. 14 May 2014
    The use of regular vitamin D preparations for children and adults with cystic fibrosis
    Cystic fibrosis with pancreatic insufficiency can mean that fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamin D, are poorly absorbed. This can lead to vitamin deficiencies. Lack of vitamin D (vitamin D deficiency) can cause specific problems such as bone deformity and bone fractures. It may also be associated with poorer general and respiratory health. Therefore, ...
  9. 20 Feb 2014
    Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold Podcast
    Preparations of the plant Echinacea are widely used in some European countries and in North America for common colds. Echinacea preparations available on the market differ greatly as different types (species) and parts (herb, root or both) of the plant are used, different manufacturing methods (drying, alcoholic extraction or pressing out the juice ...
  10. 23 Jan 2014
    Do acupuncture and related therapies help smokers who are trying to quit
    We reviewed the evidence that acupuncture, acupressure, laser therapy or electrical stimulation help people who are trying to stop smoking. Background Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese therapy, generally using fine needles inserted through the skin at specific points in the body. Needles may be stimulated by hand or using an electric current (electroacupuncture). ...

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