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  1. 25 Jul 2014
    Should Chinese herbal medicines be used in patients with skin and soft-tissue infections? New
    What are skin and soft-tissue infections? Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) are common infections of the skin or the tissue beneath the skin. They include impetigo, abscesses, cellulitis, erysipelas, necrotising (flesh-killing) skin infections, infections caused by animal or human bites or by animal contact, and infections after surgery. Most ...
  2. 29 Jun 2014
    Zinc supplements for preventing middle ear infections Updated
    Background Middle ear infections are common, especially among young children, usually causing earache and some temporary (occasionally permanent) hearing loss. Zinc is an essential micronutrient, which has a role in the optimal functioning of the immune system and resistance to infection. It must be consumed regularly as it cannot be stored in the ...
  3. 10 Apr 2014
    Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants
    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious disease that affects the bowel of premature infants in the first few weeks of life. Although the cause of NEC is not entirely known, milk feeding and bacterial growth play a role. Probiotics (dietary supplements containing potentially beneficial bacteria or yeast) have been used to prevent NEC. Our review ...
  4. 20 Feb 2014
    Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold Podcast
    Preparations of the plant Echinacea are widely used in some European countries and in North America for common colds. Echinacea preparations available on the market differ greatly as different types (species) and parts (herb, root or both) of the plant are used, different manufacturing methods (drying, alcoholic extraction or pressing out the juice ...
  5. 18 Jan 2014
    Acupuncture for mumps in children
    Acupuncture has been used to treat children with mumps for hundreds of years in China. Benefits attributed to acupuncture include decreased swelling and pain, and shortening of the disease duration. According to traditional Chinese medicine, health is achieved by maintaining an uninterrupted flow of Qi, or energy, along 14 meridians. Mumps is caused ...
  6. 16 Jan 2014
    Vitamin A for preventing blindness in children with measles
    Annually 500,000 children become blind worldwide, 75% of them living in low-income countries. The major causes of blindness in children vary widely from region to region and are related to the standard of living of the community. Corneal scarring from measles, vitamin A deficiency, use of harmful traditional eye remedies and ophthalmia neonatorium (newborn ...
  7. 13 Nov 2013
    Vitamin C for preventing and treating tetanus
    Tetanus is a disease caused by tetanus toxin, which is produced by the bacterium Clostridium tetani. This bacterium typically infects penetrating wounds contaminated by foreign material such as soil. In developing countries, poor hygiene after childbirth may cause tetanus in newborn babies. Even though vaccination has dramatically decreased the burden ...
  8. 22 Oct 2013
    Pelargonium sidoides (Umckaloabo), a herbal remedy, for treating acute respiratory tract infections
    Umckaloabo is a herbal extract derived from the plant Pelargonium sidoides (P. sidoides) and is available in both tablet and liquid forms. The extract is used for the treatment of acute respiratory tract infections (ARIs) where antibiotic use is unnecessary. In the light of inappropriate antibiotic use and increasing drug resistance rates worldwide, ...
  9. 28 Aug 2013
    Herbal medicines for viral myocarditis
    Viral myocarditis is a disease where the muscles in the walls of the heart become infected with a virus. Herbal medicines are used as treatment for diseases such as viral myocarditis. Many clinical trials have been conducted to investigate how effective herbal medicines are for viral myocarditis, and this review aimed to find out whether they work. The ...
  10. 20 Aug 2013
    Probiotics for persistent diarrhoea in children
    Persistent diarrhoea is defined as a diarrhoeal episode that starts acutely but then lasts for 14 days or more, and it is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five years old in developing countries throughout the world. The cause of persistent diarrhoea is not completely understood but is likely to be complex; this in turn ...

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