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  1. 25 Jul 2014
    Should Chinese herbal medicines be used in patients with skin and soft-tissue infections? New
    What are skin and soft-tissue infections? Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) are common infections of the skin or the tissue beneath the skin. They include impetigo, abscesses, cellulitis, erysipelas, necrotising (flesh-killing) skin infections, infections caused by animal or human bites or by animal contact, and infections after surgery. Most ...
  2. 20 Jul 2014
    Relaxation for perimenopausal and postmenopausal symptoms New
    Review question: We wanted to discover whether relaxation techniques were better or worse than other interventions, such as acupuncture, in the management of menopausal symptoms. We reviewed the evidence on the effects of these techniques on hot flushes, night sweats and sleep disturbances in menopausal women. Background: Management of menopausal ...
  3. 16 Jul 2014
    Phototherapy for treating pressure ulcers New
    What are pressure ulcers? Pressure ulcers (also called bed sores or pressure sores) are sores on the skin caused by constant pressure or friction. They usually affect people who are immobilised or find it difficult to move themselves, for example the elderly or paralysed. Pressure ulcers frequently occur on bony parts of the body, such as the heels ...
  4. 29 Jun 2014
    Zinc supplements for preventing middle ear infections Updated
    Background Middle ear infections are common, especially among young children, usually causing earache and some temporary (occasionally permanent) hearing loss. Zinc is an essential micronutrient, which has a role in the optimal functioning of the immune system and resistance to infection. It must be consumed regularly as it cannot be stored in the ...
  5. 24 Jun 2014
    Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems Updated
    Evidence from randomised controlled trials shows that calcium supplements help prevent pre-eclampsia and preterm birth and lower the risk of a woman dying or having serious problems related to high blood pressure in pregnancy. This is particularly for women on low calcium diets. Pre-eclampsia is evident as high blood pressure and protein in the urine. ...
  6. 23 Jun 2014
    Acupuncture for sudden-onset ankle sprains in adults New
    An acute ankle sprain is a sudden-onset injury of the ankle ligaments (tough strands of tissue that connect and stabilise the bones at the ankle). It is one of the most common injuries in the general population as well as in athletes. Acupuncture is frequently used for treating ankle sprains in eastern Asian countries. This review aimed to assess the ...
  7. 23 Jun 2014
    Ultrasound and shockwave treatment for recently broken bones in adults Updated
    Broken bones (fractures) are a major cause of disability in adults. The time taken for a bone to heal (achieve "union") is an important factor in determining recovery after an injury. A minority of fractures fail to heal at all or their healing takes considerably longer than expected. This review set out to find out whether treatment with ultrasound, ...
  8. 23 Jun 2014
    Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of cancer in adults  New
    Review question Does vitamin D supplementation prevent cancer? Background The available evidence on vitamin D and cancer occurrence is intriguing but inconclusive. Many observational studies as well as randomised trials suggest that high vitamin D levels in the blood are related to reduced cancer occurrence. However, results of randomised trials ...
  9. 17 Jun 2014
    Music therapy for people with autism spectrum disorder Updated
    Review Question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of music therapy in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We compared music therapy or music therapy in addition to standard care to no therapy, similar treatment without music ('placebo' therapy), or standard care. Background People with ASD have difficulties with social interaction ...
  10. 17 Jun 2014
    Creatine for Parkinson's disease New
    Parkinson's disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders and mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in its pathogenesis. Creatine has been shown to help improve mitochondrial function and may, therefore, useful for treating people with Parkinson's disease. Researchers from the Cochrane Collaboration examined the evidence ...

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