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  1. 9 Sep 2014
    Giving glutamine supplements to critically ill adults New
    Glutamine is a non-essential amino acid which is abundant in the healthy human body. There are studies reporting that muscle and plasma glutamine levels are reduced in patients with critical illness, or following major surgery, suggesting that the body's demand for glutamine is increased in these situations. In the past decade, several clinical trials ...
  2. 9 Sep 2014
    Oral zinc supplements for treating leg ulcers Updated
    Most leg ulcers (open sores, usually on the lower leg) usually heal with good wound care, including wound dressings. However even with good wound care leg ulcers may take weeks or months to heal. Leg ulcers often cause distress to patients and are costly for health services. Failure to heal may be due to poor nutrition which reduces the ability of the ...
  3. 21 Aug 2014
    Antioxidants to reduce pain in chronic pancreatitis New
    Chronic pancreatitis is a persistent inflammation of the pancreas that in the long run can cause irreparable damage. The major causes of chronic pancreatitis are genetics, alcohol toxicity and other conditions that might damage or obstruct the pancreas. This inflammation can cause pain that often is severe and leaves patients socially isolated and unable ...
  4. 14 Aug 2014
    Hypnosis for induction of labour New
    Labour induction is the artificial stimulation of uterine contractions in order to bring about birth. It is commonly used in late pregnancy to address maternal and fetal problems. Induction of labour using pharmacological and mechanical methods can cause complications or side-effects such as bleeding, caesarean section uterine hyperstimulation and maternal ...
  5. 7 Aug 2014
    What are the effects of vitamins E and C, beta-carotene, selenium and glutathione on lung disease in people with cystic fibrosis? Updated
    Background Frequent chest infections in people with cystic fibrosis cause long-lasting inflammation in their lungs. Cells causing inflammation produce a kind of oxygen molecule (reactive oxygen species (ROS)) which can easily harm proteins and DNA (oxidative damage). To fight these effects, the body may produce antioxidants. The genetic defect in ...
  6. 29 Jul 2014
    Therapeutic touch therapy for healing acute wounds.
    Therapeutic touch is an alternative therapy that is gaining popularity as a wound treatment. Practitioners enter a meditative state and pass their hands above the patient's body to find and correct any imbalances in the patient's 'life energy' or chi. Scientific instruments have been unable to detect this energy. The review found contradictory evidence ...
  7. 25 Jul 2014
    Should Chinese herbal medicines be used in patients with skin and soft-tissue infections?
    What are skin and soft-tissue infections? Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) are common infections of the skin or the tissue beneath the skin. They include impetigo, abscesses, cellulitis, erysipelas, necrotising (flesh-killing) skin infections, infections caused by animal or human bites or by animal contact, and infections after surgery. Most ...
  8. 20 Jul 2014
    Relaxation for perimenopausal and postmenopausal symptoms
    Review question: We wanted to discover whether relaxation techniques were better or worse than other interventions, such as acupuncture, in the management of menopausal symptoms. We reviewed the evidence on the effects of these techniques on hot flushes, night sweats and sleep disturbances in menopausal women. Background: Management of menopausal ...
  9. 16 Jul 2014
    Phototherapy for treating pressure ulcers
    What are pressure ulcers? Pressure ulcers (also called bed sores or pressure sores) are sores on the skin caused by constant pressure or friction. They usually affect people who are immobilised or find it difficult to move themselves, for example the elderly or paralysed. Pressure ulcers frequently occur on bony parts of the body, such as the heels ...
  10. 29 Jun 2014
    Zinc supplements for preventing middle ear infections
    Background Middle ear infections are common, especially among young children, usually causing earache and some temporary (occasionally permanent) hearing loss. Zinc is an essential micronutrient, which has a role in the optimal functioning of the immune system and resistance to infection. It must be consumed regularly as it cannot be stored in the ...

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