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  1. 12 Nov 2014
    Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for treating people with acute ischaemic stroke Updated
    Question We wanted to compare the safety and effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) versus no HBOT (either no treatment or an ineffective intervention designed to mimic the true treatment) for treating people who had suffered an acute ischaemic stroke. Background Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a treatment designed to increase the ...
  2. 12 Nov 2014
    Drug and nutritional treatment for McArdle disease Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effects of drug and nutritional treatment for McArdle disease. Background McArdle disease (also known as glycogen storage disease type V) is a disorder affecting muscle metabolism. The condition is caused by the lack of an enzyme called muscle phosphorylase. This results in an inability to break ...
  3. 11 Nov 2014
    Garlic for the common cold Updated
    Background Garlic is popularly believed to be useful for the common cold. This belief is based on traditional use and some laboratory evidence that garlic has antibacterial and antiviral properties. On average, adults have two to four common colds per year. Study characteristics The evidence is current to the 7 August 2014. Of the eight studies ...
  4. 7 Nov 2014
    Deep transverse friction massage for the treatment of lateral elbow or lateral knee tendinitis Updated
    Review question We conducted an update of the review of the effects of deep transverse friction massage (DTFM) for people with lateral elbow or knee tendinitis. We found two studies (no new additional studies in this update) with 57 people. Background: what is tendinitis and what is deep tendon friction massage? Tendons are fibrous structures that ...
  5. 27 Oct 2014
    Decongestants, antihistamines and nasal irrigation for acute sinusitis in children Updated
    Review question The goal of this review was to determine whether there is any evidence in the medical literature for or against the use of decongestants, antihistamines and nasal irrigation for acute sinusitis in children. Background Young children experience an average of six to eight colds per year. Out of every 10 children with a cold, one develops ...
  6. 25 Oct 2014
    Probiotics for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia New
    Review question To critically assess the current evidence from published studies relating to the effect of probiotics for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Background VAP is a condition that can occur in patients who have been mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hours and can significantly increase the likelihood of death within ...
  7. 22 Oct 2014
    Astragalus (a traditional Chinese medicine) for treating chronic kidney disease New
    Chronic kidney disease affects increasing numbers of people around the world, but as yet, effective strategies to control its progression have not been universally accepted. Astragalus is one of most widely used herbs for treating kidney disease. We conducted this review to evaluate the benefits and potential harms of Astragalus for the treatment of ...
  8. 20 Oct 2014
    Acupuncture for schizophrenia Updated
    Although acupuncture or Traditional Chinese Medicine has been practised for over 2000 years in China and the Far East, especially in Korea and Japan, it is a relatively new form of treament for physical and psychological conditions in the West. Acupuncture inserts needles into the skin to stimulate specific points of the body (acupoints). The aim is ...
  9. 14 Oct 2014
    Cannabis for schizophrenia Updated
    Many people with the serious mental illness schizophrenia smoke cannabis but it is not known why people do so or the effects of smoking cannabis. It is unclear what the best methods are that help people to reduce or stop smoking cannabis. Cannabis is the most consumed illicit drug in the world – amounting to 120 to 224 million users. Cannabis, which ...
  10. 13 Oct 2014
    Acupuncture for treating functional dyspepsia New
    Functional dyspepsia (FD) has been a worldwide gastric disorder. More effective therapies are needed with fewer adverse effects than are seen with conventional medications. In the East, acupuncture has been recognized for a long time as a positive therapy for the treatment of functional gastric disorders. To date, no robust evidence on its efficacy ...

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