Search

Search results: 340

RSS Subscribe to this search More...
  1. 7 Aug 2014
    What are the effects of vitamins E and C, beta-carotene, selenium and glutathione on lung disease in people with cystic fibrosis? Updated
    Background Frequent chest infections in people with cystic fibrosis cause long-lasting inflammation in their lungs. Cells causing inflammation produce a kind of oxygen molecule (reactive oxygen species (ROS)) which can easily harm proteins and DNA (oxidative damage). To fight these effects, the body may produce antioxidants. The genetic defect in ...
  2. 5 Aug 2014
    Pneumococcal vaccines for children and adults with cystic fibrosis Updated
    Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease which causes mucus in the lungs to be more sticky than normal, leading to frequent lung infections and lung damage. Pneumococcus is a type of bacteria that can cause infection throughout the body, including in the urine, blood stream, fluid around the brain and in the lungs. These infections can be very serious ...
  3. 31 Jul 2014
    Are inhaled anticholinergics added to β2-agonists beneficial in children hospitalised with acute asthma?
    Background: Anticholinergics (e.g. ipratropium bromide, atropine sulfate) are inhaled drugs. They relax the airway muscles and decrease secretions. Anticholinergics are sometimes used in addition to beta2-agonists (such as salbutamol and terbutaline), which are potent drugs given to relax smooth muscles in the airways in children with acute asthma. ...
  4. 20 Jul 2014
    The use of vibrating devices to help people with cystic fibrosis clear their airways of mucus
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of vibrating devices (e.g. Flutter, acapella, cornet, Quake®, intrapulmonary percussive ventilation, high frequency chest wall oscillators (e.g. Vest), VibraLung and MetaNeb) to help people with cystic fibrosis clear their airways of mucus. Background People with cystic fibrosis have too ...
  5. 16 Jul 2014
    Do inhaled corticosteroids reduce growth in children with persistent asthma?
    Review question: We reviewed the evidence on whether inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) could affect growth in children with persistent asthma, that is, a more severe asthma that requires regular use of medications for control of symptoms. Background: Treatment guidelines for asthma recommend ICS as first-line therapy for children with persistent asthma. ...
  6. 16 Jul 2014
    Does altering the dose of inhaled corticosteroids make a difference in growth among children with asthma?
    Background Asthma guidelines recommend inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) as the first choice of treatment for children with persistent asthma that is not well controlled when only a reliever inhaler is used to treat symptoms. Steroids work by reducing inflammation in the lungs and are known to control underlying symptoms of asthma. However, parents and ...
  7. 18 Jun 2014
    Psychological treatments to help individuals with cystic fibrosis and their caregivers manage the disease
    Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that damages many of the body's organs and can shorten a person's life span. The disease is progressive, stressful to manage, and needs complex and time-consuming treatments, leaving patients and caregivers stressed due to the challenges of the treatment. Thus, individuals with cystic fibrosis and their family members ...
  8. 17 Jun 2014
    Bronchodilators for bronchiolitis for infants with first-time wheezing
    What is bronchiolitis? Bronchiolitis is an acute, highly contagious, viral infection of the lungs that is common in infants 0 to 12 months of age. It occurs every year in the winter months. It causes the small airways in the lungs to become inflamed and fill with debris. The airways are narrowed and this leads to blocking of the free passage of air. ...
  9. 17 Jun 2014
    Vitamins C and E for asthma and exercise-induced breathlessness
    Review question We considered in this review whether vitamins C and E, when taken together daily, may be helpful for people with asthma or exercise-induced breathlessness. Background Asthma is an inflammatory lung condition characterised by narrowing of the airways; it is associated with breathlessness, chest tightness, cough and wheezing. The condition ...
  10. 10 Jun 2014
    The effects of singing on lung function and quality of life in children and adults with cystic fibrosis
    People with cystic fibrosis are at risk of chest infections due to abnormally thick mucus in their airways. Airway clearance is therefore an important part of cystic fibrosis management. Increasing anecdotal reports suggests that singing may support lung function and enhance quality of life in people with cystic fibrosis. We searched for trials using ...

Pages

RSS Subscribe to this search More...