Search

Search results: 350

RSS Subscribe to this search More...
  1. 1 Jul 2014
    Shifting HIV care from doctors to non-doctors to improve access to therapy for people living with HIV
    Background High levels of healthcare worker shortage has limited HIV infected patients access to antiretroviral therapy in lower and middle-income countries. This occurs most where the burden of HIV disease is greatest and where access to trained doctors is limited. We wanted to assess if task shifting of care from doctors to non-doctors provides ...
  2. 30 Jun 2014
    A single dose of primaquine added to malaria treatment to prevent malaria transmission Updated
    We conducted a review of the effects of adding a single dose (or short course) of primaquine to malaria treatment with the aim of reducing the transmission of malaria. We included 17 randomized controlled trials and one quasi-randomized controlled trial. What is primaquine and how might it reduce transmission Primaquine is an antimalarial drug which ...
  3. 30 Jun 2014
    Corticosteroids for treating dengue infection in children and adults Updated
    Dengue is a disease caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes, occurring in many resource-limited countries, and children are often most severely affected. Most infected patients will recover with mild symptoms, but a few progress to severe dengue and may die. There is no specific treatment for dengue, but some clinicians provide corticosteroids at ...
  4. 29 Jun 2014
    Zinc supplements for preventing middle ear infections Updated
    Background Middle ear infections are common, especially among young children, usually causing earache and some temporary (occasionally permanent) hearing loss. Zinc is an essential micronutrient, which has a role in the optimal functioning of the immune system and resistance to infection. It must be consumed regularly as it cannot be stored in the ...
  5. 23 Jun 2014
    Post-exposure prophylaxis vaccine to prevent varicella (chickenpox)
    Review question This review assessed how useful the varicella (also known as chickenpox) vaccine is in preventing chickenpox when given to children or adults who have never been immunised or previously had chickenpox, but who receive the vaccine within a short time following exposure to a person infectious with chickenpox. Varicella is a highly contagious ...
  6. 20 Jun 2014
    Rapid diagnostic tests for visceral leishmaniasis New
    Visceral leishmaniasis (or kala-azar) is caused by a parasite, results in fever, a large spleen and other health problems, occuring in India, Bangladesh and Nepal, east Africa, the Mediterranean region and Brazil. Without treatment people die, and proper treatment can result in cure, so diagnosis is important. Many of the tests that are used to determine ...
  7. 17 Jun 2014
    Bronchodilators for bronchiolitis for infants with first-time wheezing Updated
    What is bronchiolitis? Bronchiolitis is an acute, highly contagious, viral infection of the lungs that is common in infants 0 to 12 months of age. It occurs every year in the winter months. It causes the small airways in the lungs to become inflamed and fill with debris. The airways are narrowed and this leads to blocking of the free passage of air. ...
  8. 29 May 2014
    Rectal artesunate for treating people with suspected severe malaria before transfer to hospital
    Cochrane Collaboration researchers conducted a review of the effects of pre-referral rectal artesunate for people with suspected severe malaria, living in rural areas without healthcare services. After searching for all relevant trials up to May 2014 they included only one randomized controlled trial. This trial was conducted at various sites across ...
  9. 27 May 2014
    Drugs against parasites for prevention of Chagas heart disease
    Background Chagas disease is a form of heart disease that develops after decades of infection with a parasite called Trypanosoma cruzi. In addition to avoiding transmission of the parasites (through contact with insects in rural areas of many central and south American countries, blood transfusion, organ transplants from infected individuals or vertical ...
  10. 26 May 2014
    Comparing treatment of non-severe pneumonia in children aged 2 to 59 months with and without antibiotics
    Background Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. In children it is one of the leading causes of childhood deaths across the globe. Pneumonia can be classified based on the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. This classification involves assessment of certain clinical signs and symptoms and the severity of disease. The treatment is then tailored ...

Pages

RSS Subscribe to this search More...