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  1. 15 Sep 2014
    Rapid viral testing for children in the Emergency Department with fever and respiratory symptoms Updated
    Review question Does rapid viral testing in the Emergency Department influence the treatment of children with fever and breathing symptoms? Background Otherwise healthy children, aged 0 to 18 years, admitted to Emergency Departments (EDs) with fever and respiratory symptoms represent a major burden to the healthcare system, as well as significant ...
  2. 11 Sep 2014
    Artemether injection for treating people with severe malaria New
    In this review, researchers from The Cochrane Collaboration examined the effects of treating people that have severe malaria with artemether injected intramuscularly, and compared it to treatment with other antimalarial drugs given intramuscularly or intravenously. After searching for relevant trials up to 9 April 2014, we included 18 randomized controlled ...
  3. 1 Sep 2014
    No recommendations regarding type of wound dressing for the prevention of surgical site infection Updated
    Millions of surgical procedures are conducted globally each year. The majority of procedures result in wounds in which the edges are brought together to heal using stitches, staples, clips or glue - this is called 'healing by primary intention'. Afterwards, wounds are often covered with a dressing that acts as a barrier between them and the outside ...
  4. 31 Aug 2014
    Treatment of severe or progressive Kaposi's sarcoma in HIV-infected adults
    Kaposi’s sarcoma was the first tumor to be described in association with HIV infection and is an AIDS-defining condition. It is also known as Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV) as Herpes virus 8 (HHV8) is recognized as an essential and necessary factor in the pathogenesis of KS. Nonetheless, not all HHV-8-infected individuals will develop ...
  5. 5 Aug 2014
    Pneumococcal vaccines for children and adults with cystic fibrosis Updated
    Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease which causes mucus in the lungs to be more sticky than normal, leading to frequent lung infections and lung damage. Pneumococcus is a type of bacteria that can cause infection throughout the body, including in the urine, blood stream, fluid around the brain and in the lungs. These infections can be very serious ...
  6. 4 Aug 2014
    Treatments applied to the skin for fungal infections of the groin and body New
    Background Up to 20% of the world's population is affected by fungal skin infections of the groin ('jock' itch, or tinea cruris) or of the body (ringworm, or tinea corporis), which generally appear as red and itchy areas on the skin. Many topical (directly applied to the skin) treatments are available. Review question Which topical treatments work ...
  7. 28 Jul 2014
    Are oral antibiotics as effective as a combination of injected and oral antibiotics for kidney infections in children?
    Acute pyelonephritis refers to infection of the kidneys and is the most severe form of urinary tract infection (UTI). Acute pyelonephritis causes high fever, vomiting, stomach pain, irritability and poor feeding in infants. We wanted to find out if oral antibiotics were as effective as combined oral and injected antibiotics to treat children for kidney ...
  8. 26 Jul 2014
    PRO 140 for treatment of people with HIV infection
    PRO 140 (a humanized form of the PA14 antibody, a monoclonal CCR5 antibody) is a laboratory made antibody that blocks the CCR5 receptor on CD4 cells. By blocking CCR5, PRO 140 prevents the HIV virus from infecting healthy cells. PRO 140 may be an effective new treatment drug because it has the potential to address the limitations of currently available ...
  9. 25 Jul 2014
    Should Chinese herbal medicines be used in patients with skin and soft-tissue infections?
    What are skin and soft-tissue infections? Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) are common infections of the skin or the tissue beneath the skin. They include impetigo, abscesses, cellulitis, erysipelas, necrotising (flesh-killing) skin infections, infections caused by animal or human bites or by animal contact, and infections after surgery. Most ...
  10. 1 Jul 2014
    Shifting HIV care from doctors to non-doctors to improve access to therapy for people living with HIV
    Background High levels of healthcare worker shortage has limited HIV infected patients access to antiretroviral therapy in lower and middle-income countries. This occurs most where the burden of HIV disease is greatest and where access to trained doctors is limited. We wanted to assess if task shifting of care from doctors to non-doctors provides ...

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