Search

Search results: 69

RSS Subscribe to this search More...
  1. 28 Oct 2014
    Aquatic exercise training for fibromyalgia Podcast New
    Research question We reviewed studies on the effects of aquatic exercise training for people with fibromyalgia on wellness, symptoms, fitness, and adverse effects. Background: what is fibromyalgia and what is aquatic training? People with fibromyalgia have persistent, widespread body pain and often experience symptoms such as fatigue, stiffness, ...
  2. 10 Oct 2014
    Intranasal fentanyl for the treatment of children in acute pain New
    Background Pain is the most common reason why patients are seen in emergency departments (EDs). The challenging nature of treating children in acute severe pain is reflected in the medical literature by poor pain management in this population. We reviewed evidence on the effect of intranasal fentanyl (INF) (a strong pain relief drug, similar to morphine) ...
  3. 12 Sep 2014
    Agitation in children after sevoflurane anaesthesia
    Review question We reviewed the evidence looking at how often children wake up agitated after a sevoflurane general anaesthetic compared with other general anaesthetics. We also reviewed evidence looking at the effects of other treatments (e.g. a medication given during the anaesthetic, the presence of a parent when a child wakes up) on how often ...
  4. 31 Jul 2014
    Does the administration of nalbuphine provide effective and safe postoperative pain treatment in children?
    Postoperative pain is still a major problem following surgery in children. There is currently clear evidence that multimodal postoperative pain treatment is the best choice. This approach may involve using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioids. However, due to the fear of side effects such as respiratory depression (where the lungs ...
  5. 16 Jul 2014
    Mannitol versus hypertonic saline for intraoperative brain relaxation in patients undergoing surgery for brain tumour
    Review question: We reviewed evidence on the effectiveness of mannitol and hypertonic saline for brain relaxation in people having surgery (craniotomy) for brain tumour. Background: People with brain tumour undergo a craniotomy, or opening of the skull bone, for its removal. A relaxed brain allows the surgeon to remove the skull bone easily and to ...
  6. 16 Jul 2014
    Physician anaesthetists versus nurse anaesthetists for surgical patients
    Background There is an increasing demand for surgery, pressure on healthcare providers to reduce costs, and a predicted shortfall in the number of medically qualified anaesthetists. This review aimed to consider whether anaesthesia can be provided equally effectively and safely by nurse anaesthetists (without medical qualifications) as by medically ...
  7. 3 Jul 2014
    Inhaled nitric oxide to treat high blood pressure of the pulmonary vessels after surgery in infants and children with congenital heart disease
    Review question We reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of inhaled nitric oxide for treatment of high blood pressure in the pulmonary vessels in infants and children born with heart disease. Background Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an increase in blood pressure in the pulmonary vessels that affects various patient populations and can cause ...
  8. 10 Jun 2014
    Do ventilators that manage the reduction of ventilator support (weaning) reduce the duration of weaning compared to strategies managed by clinicians?
    Background and importance Critically ill patients receiving assistance from breathing machines (ventilators) may be restored to normal breathing using clinical methods (collectively termed weaning) that require both expertise and continuous monitoring. Inefficient weaning may result in a prolonged time on a ventilator, putting patients at risk of ...
  9. 7 May 2014
    Low blood oxygen levels versus normal blood oxygen levels in ventilated severely ill people
    Review questions We reviewed the evidence to see whether allowing for low blood oxygen levels, as opposed to normal blood oxygen levels, in severely ill people on mechanical breathing machines (ventilators) in intensive care units (ICUs) (otherwise known as critical care units (CCUs)) changed their chances of recovery (morbidity) and survival rate ...
  10. 5 May 2014
    Psychological therapies for the management of chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents
    Psychological therapies (e.g. relaxation, hypnosis, coping skills training, biofeedback, and cognitive behavioural therapy) may help people manage pain and its disabling consequences. Therapies can be delivered face-to-face by a therapist, via the Internet, by telephone call, or by computer programme. This review focuses on treatments that are delivered ...

Pages

RSS Subscribe to this search More...