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  1. 22 Nov 2014
    Aspiration of the elbow joint for treating radial head fractures New
    What is a radial head fracture? The radial head is the topmost part of the radius, which is one of the two forearm bones. The radial head is part of the elbow joint. Fracture or breaking of the radial head is the most common elbow fracture. This injury usually results from a fall onto an outstretched arm. The symptoms of a radial head fracture are ...
  2. 21 Nov 2014
    Amantadine and rimantadine to prevent and treat influenza A in children and the elderly Updated
    Review question As recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is currently used for people with influenza A. In previous pandemics, the virus was susceptible to amantadine and rimantadine. If they are safe and the circulating strain proves to be susceptible to these drugs, they could be an alternative for managing influenza. ...
  3. 19 Nov 2014
    Surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) for chronic or recurrent acute tonsillitis Updated
    Review question This review compared the clinical effectiveness and safety of surgery (removal of the tonsils - tonsillectomy, or adenotonsillectomy - removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissues) against non-surgical management in adults and children with frequent or chronic tonsillitis. Background Surgical removal of the tonsils is a commonly performed ...
  4. 19 Nov 2014
    Interventions aimed at communities for informing and/or educating about early childhood vaccination New
    Researchers in The Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of the effect of informing or educating members of the community about early childhood vaccination. After searching for all relevant studies, they found two studies, published in 2007 and 2009. Their findings are summarised below. What are interventions aimed at communities for childhood ...
  5. 18 Nov 2014
    Reminder systems to improve patient attendance at tuberculosis clinics Updated
    This Cochrane Review summarizes trials evaluating the effects of reminder systems on attendance at tuberculosis (TB) clinics and completion of TB treatment. After searching for relevant trials up to 29 August 2014, we included nine trials, including 4654 people. What are reminder systems and how might they help? Effective treatment for TB requires ...
  6. 14 Nov 2014
    Gene therapy for haemophilia New
    Haemophilia is a bleeding disorder caused by defective genes that produce abnormal blood clotting proteins. Gene therapy replaces these defective genes with normal ones. We looked for trials that used this approach of replacing defective genes for producing normal blood clotting proteins the treatment of haemophilia. As of 06 November 2014, we found ...
  7. 14 Nov 2014
    H1-antihistamines for chronic spontaneous urticaria New
    Background Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a condition characterised by a rash of red itchy raised weals or hives, which appear for no identifiable reason. Other names include chronic idiopathic or chronic ordinary urticaria. 'Spontaneous' differentiates this type of urticaria from 'inducible' or 'physical' urticaria, for which there are specific ...
  8. 13 Nov 2014
    Aspiration and sclerotherapy versus hydrocoelectomy for treating hydrocoeles
    Hydrocoeles are common cystic scrotal abnormalities, described as a fluid-filled collection around the testicles. Hydrocoele can be treated with drainage of the fluid along with an injection of a chemical around the testicle to prevent recurrence, or with open surgery. The aim of this review is to compare these two types of treatment. We found four ...
  9. 11 Nov 2014
    Garlic for the common cold Podcast Updated
    Background Garlic is popularly believed to be useful for the common cold. This belief is based on traditional use and some laboratory evidence that garlic has antibacterial and antiviral properties. On average, adults have two to four common colds per year. Study characteristics The evidence is current to the 7 August 2014. Of the eight studies ...
  10. 10 Nov 2014
    Different ways of giving antibiotics to eradicate Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in people with cystic fibrosis Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence for the effectiveness of antibiotics in getting rid of a lung infection with a germ called Pseudomonas aeruginosa in people with cystic fibrosis. Background Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition where the airways often become blocked with mucus. It is associated with chest infections, which can lead to ...

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