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  1. 26 Nov 2014
    Strategies for expanding health insurance coverage in vulnerable populations Podcast Updated
    Researchers in The Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of the effect of strategies to increase the number of people from vulnerable populations that are enrolled into health insurance programmes. They searched for all relevant studies and found two studies. Their findings are summarised below. What is a health insurance programme? Governments ...
  2. 25 Nov 2014
    Early additional food and fluids for healthy breastfed full-term infants Updated
    Human milk provides for growth, protection and development for babies. It is important to the health of the mother. Exclusive breastfeeding is an infant's consumption of human milk with no supplementation of any type, including no water, juice, non-human milk or foods. The effect of early supplementation may include decreased milk production due to ...
  3. 24 Nov 2014
    Pentoxifylline for the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants New
    Babies who are born early (preterm) often suffer from long-lasting breathing problems known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia, which can lead to poor health in childhood and adulthood. Drugs that act on the body's self-defense system may help to lower the risk of long-lasting breathing problems. Pentoxifylline is one such drug. The main aim of this review ...
  4. 24 Nov 2014
    Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings Updated
    Review question We undertook a review to determine the effectiveness of over-the-counter cough medicines in reducing cough in children and adults in community settings. We found 29 trials involving 4835 people. Background Acute cough is a common and troublesome symptom in children and adults suffering from acute upper respiratory tract infection ...
  5. 24 Nov 2014
    Medicines for children with gastro-oesophageal reflux New
    Review question Most babies grow out of their symptoms of reflux as they eat more solid food and spend more time upright, and as the length of the oesophagus grows, but do medicines help to make them more comfortable while this is happening? Older children can have heartburn, just like adults. Which treatment works best for them? Background Gastro-oesophageal ...
  6. 24 Nov 2014
    Giving antibiotics regularly to people with cystic fibrosis to prevent infection with a germ called Staphylococcus aureus Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the benefits and adverse effects of giving regular antibiotics to people with cystic fibrosis to prevent infection with a germ called Staphylococcus aureus. Background Cystic fibrosis blocks the airways with mucus and causes frequent airway infections. These can lead to death from breathing failure. ...
  7. 23 Nov 2014
    Belatacept for kidney transplant recipients New
    Kidney transplants can improve the quality and length of life for patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) compared with chronic dialysis. To prevent a kidney transplant from being rejected by the body, immune-system suppressing drugs (most commonly a calcineurin inhibitors (CNI)) are used. CNI are associated with high blood pressure, high lipid ...
  8. 22 Nov 2014
    Aspiration of the elbow joint for treating radial head fractures New
    What is a radial head fracture? The radial head is the topmost part of the radius, which is one of the two forearm bones. The radial head is part of the elbow joint. Fracture or breaking of the radial head is the most common elbow fracture. This injury usually results from a fall onto an outstretched arm. The symptoms of a radial head fracture are ...
  9. 21 Nov 2014
    Amantadine and rimantadine to prevent and treat influenza A in children and the elderly Updated
    Review question As recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is currently used for people with influenza A. In previous pandemics, the virus was susceptible to amantadine and rimantadine. If they are safe and the circulating strain proves to be susceptible to these drugs, they could be an alternative for managing influenza. ...
  10. 19 Nov 2014
    Surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) for chronic or recurrent acute tonsillitis Updated
    Review question This review compared the clinical effectiveness and safety of surgery (removal of the tonsils - tonsillectomy, or adenotonsillectomy - removal of the tonsils and adenoid tissues) against non-surgical management in adults and children with frequent or chronic tonsillitis. Background Surgical removal of the tonsils is a commonly performed ...

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