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  1. 11 Apr 2014
    Brief versus standard cognitive behavioural therapy for schizophrenia New
    People with schizophrenia often hear voices or see things (hallucinations) and have strange beliefs (delusions). Characteristics of the illness are disordered thoughts, feelings, beliefs and perceptions. People with schizophrenia may also find it difficult to find employment, make friends and socialise with other people. Cognitive behavioural therapy ...
  2. 10 Apr 2014
    Regulatory information on trials of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza) for influenza in adults and children Podcast Updated
    Oseltamivir and zanamivir have been stockpiled in many countries to treat and prevent seasonal and pandemic influenza, before an influenza vaccine matched to the circulating virus becomes available. Oseltamivir is classified by the World Health Organization as an essential medicine. How this review has been approached We have updated and combined ...
  3. 10 Apr 2014
    Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants Updated
    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious disease that affects the bowel of premature infants in the first few weeks of life. Although the cause of NEC is not entirely known, milk feeding and bacterial growth play a role. Probiotics (dietary supplements containing potentially beneficial bacteria or yeast) have been used to prevent NEC. Our review ...
  4. 9 Apr 2014
    Drugs to control the movement of salt in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis Updated
    Usually salt is absorbed from liquid on the surface of the lungs to stop fluid building up there. In cystic fibrosis too much salt is absorbed and there is little liquid left on the airway surfaces. As a result people with cystic fibrosis have problems clearing their lungs of sticky secretions. Thus the lungs are left open to infection. Drugs applied ...
  5. 2 Apr 2014
    There is not enough high quality evidence to show that dietary magnesium supplementation during pregnancy is beneficial Updated
    Many women, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds, have intakes of magnesium below recommended levels. Magnesium supplementation during pregnancy may be able to reduce growth restriction of the fetus and pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure and protein in the urine during pregnancy), and increase birthweight. This review aimed to assess the ...
  6. 2 Apr 2014
    Vaccination against a bacterium called pneumococcus for preventing middle ear infection Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of vaccination against pneumococcus (a type of bacterium) on preventing middle ear infections in children. Background Middle ear infection, or otitis media, is one of the most common respiratory infections in childhood. Infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is a frequent cause ...
  7. 2 Apr 2014
    Antibiotic treatment for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in people with cystic fibrosis Updated
    Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a bacteria which is resistant to several antibiotics. Over the last 10 years this bacteria has increasingly been found in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis. Chronic infection with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has been found to be linked to pulmonary infections. However, at present, it is unclear if people with ...
  8. 1 Apr 2014
    Antibodies for preventing measles after exposure New
    People who have had measles, or measles vaccine, have antibodies against the virus in their blood that protect them from developing measles should they come into contact with it. These antibodies can be extracted from blood donated by these individuals. If people without antibodies come into contact with someone who is contagious with measles, they ...
  9. 31 Mar 2014
    The use of computed tomography angiography (CTA) to confirm the clinical diagnosis of brain death New
    This Cochrane diagnostic test accuracy review looked at the evidence for the radiology test computed tomography angiography (CTA), which demonstrates blood flow in the main vessels of the brain, to support the results of clinical tests of brain function performed in unconscious patients on mechanical breathing machines who are thought by their doctors ...
  10. 31 Mar 2014
    Tooth-colored resin fillings compared with amalgam fillings for permanent teeth at the back of the mouth New
    Review question This review, carried out by the Cochrane Oral Health Group, addressed the question of how effective tooth-colored (composite resin) fillings are compared with conventional amalgam fillings when placed directly into cavities in permanent teeth in the back of the mouth. Background There is controversy over the best materials to use ...

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