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  1. 15 Sep 2014
    Rapid viral testing for children in the Emergency Department with fever and respiratory symptoms Updated
    Review question Does rapid viral testing in the Emergency Department influence the treatment of children with fever and breathing symptoms? Background Otherwise healthy children, aged 0 to 18 years, admitted to Emergency Departments (EDs) with fever and respiratory symptoms represent a major burden to the healthcare system, as well as significant ...
  2. 15 Sep 2014
    Human growth hormone for treating burns and skin graft donor sites Updated
    Growth hormone is produced by the pituitary gland. For decades, it could only be obtained by extraction from pituitary glands but more recently it has been produced through genetic engineering and made available for therapy as recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH). The aim of this review was to determine the effects of rhGH when used to treat burns ...
  3. 13 Sep 2014
    Assessment of techniques to ascertain correct placement of a breathing tube in neonates New
    When a newborn baby requires a tube to be inserted into the windpipe to help him/her breathe, the clinical team can take a radiograph (X-ray) to confirm that the tube is correctly positioned. Because this is often delayed, however, newer techniques aimed at rapidly confirming the correct placement of the breathing tube within the windpipe have been ...
  4. 12 Sep 2014
    Agitation in children after sevoflurane anaesthesia New
    Review question We reviewed the evidence looking at how often children wake up agitated after a sevoflurane general anaesthetic compared with other general anaesthetics. We also reviewed evidence looking at the effects of other treatments (e.g. a medication given during the anaesthetic, the presence of a parent when a child wakes up) on how often ...
  5. 11 Sep 2014
    Tonsillectomy for PFAPA syndrome (a rare cause of recurrent fever, mouth ulcers, sore throat and swollen neck glands) Updated
    Review question This review compared the clinical effectiveness and safety of removing the palatine tonsils (tonsillectomy), with and without removal of the adenoids, against non-surgical management of children with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. We searched for and included any randomised ...
  6. 11 Sep 2014
    Artemether injection for treating people with severe malaria New
    In this review, researchers from The Cochrane Collaboration examined the effects of treating people that have severe malaria with artemether injected intramuscularly, and compared it to treatment with other antimalarial drugs given intramuscularly or intravenously. After searching for relevant trials up to 9 April 2014, we included 18 randomized controlled ...
  7. 10 Sep 2014
    Intermittent catheterisation for long-term bladder management Updated
    Background Intermittent catheterisation is a common treatment used by people who have bladder emptying problems. A hollow tube (catheter) is passed through the channel to the bladder (urethra) or through a surgically made channel to the skin surface to regularly empty the bladder, usually several times every day. This treatment is used by people ...
  8. 8 Sep 2014
    Self-management education for cystic fibrosis Updated
    We set out to review the effects of self-management education for cystic fibrosis on a range of health outcomes in individuals of all ages with cystic fibrosis and their caregivers. Our search for available evidence identified four trials, and all four compared a form of self-management education to standard treatment. The precise focus of self management ...
  9. 5 Sep 2014
    Antiepileptic drugs versus no treatment or placebo for children with benign epilepsy with centro temporal spikes New
    Benign epilepsy with centro temporal spikes is one of the most common childhood seizure disorders . Treatment for this disorder has been controversial as almost all individuals achieve seizure freedom by adolescence. However, this seizure disorder may not be as benign as the name suggests as children may have specific cognitive impairment. Treatment ...
  10. 4 Sep 2014
    Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for preterm neonates after extubation Updated
    Background There is some evidence that nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) increases the effectiveness of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm babies who no longer need an endotracheal tube (tube in the windpipe). Preterm babies with breathing problems often require help from a machine (ventilator) that ...

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