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  1. 14 Jan 2015
    Comparing the effect of different courses of radiotherapy to the chest for patients with incurable lung cancer
    Review Question What is the best way to give radiotherapy to patients with incurable lung cancer. What doses give the best balance between symptom control and side effects? Does giving more radiotherapy improve the chance of a patient being alive in one or two years? Background In most developed countries lung cancer is one of the commonest tumours. ...
  2. 7 Jan 2015
    Dance/movement therapy for cancer patients Updated
    The issue Cancer may result in extensive emotional, physical and social suffering. Current cancer care increasingly incorporates psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life. Creative arts therapies such as dance/movement, music, art and drama therapy have been used to aid care and recovery. Following medical therapies, which can be invasive, ...
  3. 2 Jan 2015
    Sedation medication for relieving symptoms at the end of life New
    Background People with diseases that are not curable may have a variety of symptoms at the end of life. These symptoms can include confusion (delirium), anxiety, restlessness, breathlessness (dyspnoea), pain, vomiting, and distress. Medicines that reduce consciousness (sedatives) may help relieve these symptoms when people are close to death. Treatment ...
  4. 26 Nov 2014
    Is exercise effective for patients with cancer cachexia?
    Many cancer patients lose weight (body muscle and fat) as part of a cachexia syndrome, which can be caused by the cancer and its treatment. This can result in muscle weakness, fatigue, lack of energy and a reduced quality of life. Exercise is one possible treatment for cancer cachexia and may help reduce the effect it has on patients. In this systematic ...
  5. 19 Sep 2014
    Codeine, alone and with paracetamol (acetaminophen), for cancer pain
    Codeine is an opioid medication commonly used worldwide to treat pain including cancer pain. Oral codeine, either alone or in combination with paracetamol, provided good pain relief for some people with cancer pain, based on limited amounts of information. In this review we set out to estimate how well codeine worked, how many people had side effects, ...
  6. 29 May 2014
    Impact of morphine, fentanyl, oxycodone or codeine on patient consciousness, appetite and thirst when used to treat cancer pain
    Description of the problem Care pathways are packages of care designed to ensure that patients have appropriate and effective care in particular situations. Such pathways are commonly used, and often produce good results, but they can also be used as a tick box solution that acts as a barrier to good care. Care pathways have been used to ensure appropriate ...
  7. 23 Apr 2014
    Medically assisted nutrition to assist palliative care patients
    Background It is common for palliative care patients to have reduced oral intake during their illness. Management of this condition includes discussion with the patient, family and staff involved, and may include giving nutrition with medical assistance. This can be done either via a plastic tube inserted directly into a vein or into the stomach or ...
  8. 23 Apr 2014
    Medically assisted hydration to assist palliative care patients
    Background It is common for palliative care patients to have reduced fluid intake during their illness. Management of this condition includes discussion with the patient, family and staff involved, and may include the provision of fluids with medical assistance. This can be performed using a small plastic tube inserted into a vein or under the skin, ...
  9. 10 Dec 2013
    Drugs for cancer-related fatigue
    Fatigue associated with cancer is a significant problem. It can occur because of side effects of treatment or because of the disease itself. It can have a significant impact on a person's ability to function. The causes of fatigue are not fully understood and so it is very difficult to treat appropriately. This review has examined drug treatment for ...
  10. 26 Nov 2013
    Do nutritional interventions reduce gastrointestinal toxicity in adults undergoing radical pelvic radiotherapy?
    Background Research has shown that nutrition and radiotherapy have effects on each other. People with malnutrition tend to get more bowel side effects during radiotherapy. It has also been shown that many people lose weight during radiotherapy due to the treatment side effects. These side effects can lead to some people needing gaps in their radiotherapy ...

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