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  1. 29 Jan 2015
    Retinoic acid after intensive chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation in patient with high-risk neuroblastoma New
    High-risk neuroblastoma is a rare malignant disease and mainly affects infants and very young children. The tumors mainly develop in the medullary tissue of the endocrine gland located on the top of the kidneys, the adrenal gland. The most common presentation is an abdominal mass. High-risk means one or several clinical symptoms or signs such as metastasis ...
  2. 27 Jan 2015
    Screening with urinary dipsticks for reducing morbidity and mortality New
    Urinary dipsticks are sometimes used for screening healthy people and patients that do not have symptoms of urinary disease. Urinary dipsticks can be used to test for several different substances, such as blood, sugar, protein, white blood cells and nitrite in the urine, which may indicate the presence of disease. Identified abnormalities sometimes ...
  3. 26 Jan 2015
    Percutaneous ethanol injection for the treatment of early liver cancer Updated
    Background Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide. In the majority of people, liver cancer is diagnosed at advanced stages of the disease and is mostly accompanied by liver cirrhosis. In high-income countries, about 30% of people present with the more favourable early liver cancer. For these people, percutaneous ...
  4. 14 Jan 2015
    Comparing the effect of different courses of radiotherapy to the chest for patients with incurable lung cancer
    Review Question What is the best way to give radiotherapy to patients with incurable lung cancer. What doses give the best balance between symptom control and side effects? Does giving more radiotherapy improve the chance of a patient being alive in one or two years? Background In most developed countries lung cancer is one of the commonest tumours. ...
  5. 9 Jan 2015
    Imaging-adapted therapy for individuals with Hodgkin lymphoma New
    Background Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a malignant disease of the lymphatic system of the body. It accounts for 10% to 15% of all lymphoma in industrialised countries and tends to show two peaks in incidence at around 30 and 60 years of age. While it is considered a relatively rare disease, it is one of the most common malignancies in young adults. With ...
  6. 7 Jan 2015
    Dance/movement therapy for cancer patients Updated
    The issue Cancer may result in extensive emotional, physical and social suffering. Current cancer care increasingly incorporates psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life. Creative arts therapies such as dance/movement, music, art and drama therapy have been used to aid care and recovery. Following medical therapies, which can be invasive, ...
  7. 6 Jan 2015
    Follow-up strategies for women following treatment for CIN: Impact of HPV testing New
    Background It is widely accepted that infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) is associated with development of precancerous changes, namely, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical cancer. It is also accepted that women who develop high-grade CIN and subsequently receive treatment with a procedure called large loop excision ...
  8. 5 Jan 2015
    Minimally invasive surgery compared to open surgery for the treatment of solid tumours located in the chest or the abdomen of children Updated
    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is an upcoming new surgical technique. MIS is done through one or more small incisions using a laparoscope or thoracoscope (a thin flexible tube containing a video camera) and surgical instruments. MIS can be used as a diagnostic instrument (i.e. to retrieve tissue samples for a biopsy) and is also used for the resection ...
  9. 2 Jan 2015
    Sedation medication for relieving symptoms at the end of life New
    Background People with diseases that are not curable may have a variety of symptoms at the end of life. These symptoms can include confusion (delirium), anxiety, restlessness, breathlessness (dyspnoea), pain, vomiting, and distress. Medicines that reduce consciousness (sedatives) may help relieve these symptoms when people are close to death. Treatment ...
  10. 1 Jan 2015
    Chemotherapy for children with medulloblastoma New
    Background Medulloblastoma is one of the most common malignant brain tumours in children. Chemotherapy is used to improve survival and diminish potential radiotherapy-induced side effects. The reduction of radiotherapy-induced side effects is achieved in very young children by not treating them with radiotherapy and in older children by diminishing ...

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