Search

Search results: 523

RSS Subscribe to this search More...
  1. 18 Dec 2014
    Interventions for preventing and ameliorating cognitive deficits in adults treated with cranial irradiation New
    Background Problems with mental activities (cognitive deficits) are common in patients who have received radiation to the brain for a primary or secondary (metastatic) brain tumour, or to help prevent a tumour spreading to the brain from elsewhere in the body. This toxic side effect of brain radiation may be acute (during treatment) or early after ...
  2. 12 Dec 2014
    Mohs micrographic surgery versus surgical excision for periocular basal cell carcinoma Updated
    Review questionTo compare the effectiveness, cost, complications and acceptability of two different surgical techniques for treating basal cell carcinoma (BCC) around the eyes. BackgroundBCC is the commonest skin cancer and the most common cancer in people of white origin. It is usually seen on the sun exposed parts of the body like the face, neck, ...
  3. 12 Dec 2014
    Radiotherapy versus open surgery versus endolaryngeal surgery (with or without laser) for early larynx cancer Updated
    Background Cancer of the larynx or voice box usually begins in the glottis (vocal cords) as a squamous cell cancer (cancer in the membranes). Most people survive these cancers when they get treatment early, before the cancer spreads further into the larynx and surrounding area. Options include radiotherapy, open surgery where access is through the ...
  4. 10 Dec 2014
    Injectable blood thinners (anticoagulants) in patients with cancer Updated
    Background Research evidence suggests that blood thinners may improve the survival of patients with cancer. This benefit could be related to a direct antitumor effect in addition to preventing blood clots. Study characteristics We searched the scientific literature for studies of anticoagulants in people with cancer. The evidence is current to February ...
  5. 3 Dec 2014
    Can additional chemotherapy after initial treatment for locally advanced stage cervical cancer reduce recurrence and extend life? New
    The issue Standard treatment for locally advanced stage cervical cancer (stage IIB to IVA) is 'concurrent chemoradiation' when anticancer drugs are given during the same treatment period as pelvic radiotherapy (radiation therapy to lower abdomen). However, the tumour may remain (residual cancer) or may come back (recurrent cancer) after this standard ...
  6. 2 Dec 2014
    Effect of the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors on the rate of pre-cancerous lesions in the stomach New
    Review question Does long-term proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use increase the risk of having pre-cancerous lesions (changes in the stomach lining that are not cancer but could become cancerous over time) in the stomach? Background PPIs are the most effective drugs used to reduce gastric acid secretion (called antacids) and they are commonly prescribed ...
  7. 26 Nov 2014
    Is exercise effective for patients with cancer cachexia? New
    Many cancer patients lose weight (body muscle and fat) as part of a cachexia syndrome, which can be caused by the cancer and its treatment. This can result in muscle weakness, fatigue, lack of energy and a reduced quality of life. Exercise is one possible treatment for cancer cachexia and may help reduce the effect it has on patients. In this systematic ...
  8. 17 Nov 2014
    Cetuximab: a new treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer New
    Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world. Advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 60% of all lung cancer cases. Since the effectiveness of current standard treatment for advanced NSCLC (i.e. chemotherapy) has reached a ceiling, there is a continuous need for new, more effective treatments to further improve the outcome ...
  9. 13 Nov 2014
    PET-CT scanning to assess the spread of non-small cell lung cancer within the chest New
    In the absence of distant metastasis, treatment options for non-small cell lung cancer depend on how much the disease has spread to the different lymph nodes within the chest, that is, the stage of the disease. If the cancer has not spread beyond the nearest (N1) lymph nodes, surgery is often the treatment of choice. Other treatment options for these ...
  10. 11 Nov 2014
    The role of aerobic physical exercise for adults with haematological malignancies New
    Review question We reviewed the existing evidence regarding the effect of aerobic physical exercise plus standard care compared to standard care alone in adults with haematological malignancies. We found nine randomised controlled trials. Background A haematological malignancy is a tumour of the myeloid or lymphatic cells. Lymphomas, leukaemias, ...

Pages

RSS Subscribe to this search More...