Search

Search results: 511

RSS Subscribe to this search More...
  1. 15 Oct 2014
    Blood thinners to prevent blood clots in people with cancer and central venous catheters Updated
    Background A central venous catheter (CVC) is a tube that is inserted into a large vein to give fluids or drugs. CVC placement increases the risk of blood clots in people with cancer. This systematic review evaluated the efficacy and safety of blood thinning agents (anticoagulants) in people with cancer. Study characteristics We searched the scientific ...
  2. 9 Oct 2014
    High dose rate versus low dose rate intracavity brachytherapy for locally advanced uterine cervix cancer Updated
    Background Radiotherapy has been successfully used to treat cervical cancer for nearly a century as cervical tissue is very sensitive to radiation. Improved survival and local control rates of the disease have made the combination of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and intracavity brachytherapy (ICBT) the standard treatment for locally advanced ...
  3. 2 Oct 2014
    Omentoplasty for oesophagogastrostomy after oesophagectomy Updated
    Oesophagectomy followed by oesophagogastrostomy, in which an anastomosis between the residual oesophagus and the stomach substitute is made, remains the standard surgery for patients with oesophageal cancer. Whichever surgical procedure is chosen, that is, transthoracic oesophagectomy (TTE) with direct visualisation of the thoracic oesophagus or transhiatal ...
  4. 22 Sep 2014
    Drugs that target blood vessels in malignant brain tumours New
    Background The most common primary brain tumours of adults are gliomas, which account for about two-fifths of all primary brain tumours. Gliomas span a spectrum from low to high grade and are graded pathologically on a scale of one to four according to a classification by the World Health Organization (WHO). High-grade glioma (HGG), including glioblastoma, ...
  5. 19 Sep 2014
    Intracystic bleomycin for children with cystic craniopharyngiomas Updated
    Craniopharyngiomas are rare, slow-growing, benign tumours in the hypothalamic-pituitary region of the brain. Although they are benign, i.e. the tumour lacks the ability to invade neighboring tissue or metastasise, there is considerable morbidity and disability even when the tumour can be resected completely. Cystic craniopharyngiomas are the commonest ...
  6. 19 Sep 2014
    Codeine, alone and with paracetamol (acetaminophen), for cancer pain New
    Codeine is an opioid medication commonly used worldwide to treat pain including cancer pain. Oral codeine, either alone or in combination with paracetamol, provided good pain relief for some people with cancer pain, based on limited amounts of information. In this review we set out to estimate how well codeine worked, how many people had side effects, ...
  7. 17 Sep 2014
    Antigen-specific active immunotherapy for ovarian cancer Updated
    Background Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynaecological cancers. Standard therapy consists of surgery and chemotherapy. Responses to chemotherapy are generally good, however, the majority of women will relapse, for which no curative treatment is available. The presence of certain immune cells in tumours is associated with longer ...
  8. 8 Sep 2014
    Evaluation of follow-up strategies for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer following completion of primary treatment Updated
    Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common cancer and seventh commonest cause of cancer death in women worldwide. Traditionally, many people who have been treated for cancer undergo long-term follow-up in a hospital outpatient setting. However, it has been suggested that the use of routine review (check-ups) may not result in women with ovarian cancer ...
  9. 8 Sep 2014
    Vaginal dilator therapy for women receiving pelvic radiotherapy Updated
    Background Pelvic radiotherapy for gynaecological (uterine, cervical, vaginal) and anorectal cancer may damage the vagina. It may cause the vagina to shrink and can make the sides stick together. It has become established practice to recommend regular vaginal dilation after radiotherapy to reduce or prevent this risk. Dilation involves inserting and ...
  10. 4 Sep 2014
    Prevention of fungal infections in patients with cancer with amphotericin B Updated
    Patients with cancer who are treated with chemotherapy or receive a bone marrow transplant have an increased risk of acquiring fungal infections. Such infections can be life-threatening. Antifungal drugs are therefore often given prophylactically to such patients, or when they have a fever. The review found that lipid formulations of amphotericin B ...

Pages

RSS Subscribe to this search More...