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  1. 23 Jan 2014
    Skin-to-skin (Kangaroo Care) with newborns cuts down procedural pain
    Newborns wearing only a diaper being held next to their mother's bare chest is referred to as skin-to-skin contact and is also sometimes called Kangaroo Care because of its similarity to the way kangaroo mothers care for their young. Newborns, especially those who must spend time in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, must have various tests and procedures ...
  2. 10 Oct 2013
    Psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents
    Psychological interventions (for example, distraction, hypnosis, coping skills training) are treatments used to reduce pain and distress (anxiety and fear, or both) that children and adolescents experience while undergoing medical procedures involving needles. There is strong evidence that distraction and hypnosis are effective in reducing the pain ...
  3. 28 Feb 2013
    Sweet-tasting solutions for needle-related pain in infants up to one year of age
    The use of needles that break the skin and cause pain is a common practice around the world with babies aged between one month and 12 months (Appendix 4). In this review we were interested in whether giving babies sugar-based solutions to taste when the needle breaks the skin will help reduce their pain.  We found 14 separate studies that had asked ...
  4. 16 May 2012
    Non-pharmacological interventions for acute pain in infants
    We examined 13 different types of commonly investigated non-pharmacological treatments (excluding breastmilk, sucrose, and music) to determine their efficacy for pain reactions after an acutely painful procedure (right after the needle ('pain reactivity') and less immediate pain reactions ('immediate pain-related regulation'). Fifty-one randomized controlled ...
  5. 5 Oct 2011
    Sweet solution taste to ease injection needle pain in children aged one to 16 years
    Small amounts of sweet tasting sugar water solutions given in the mouth can effectively reduce pain in babies under one year of age during painful events such as needles and blood tests. This review was performed to see if the same pain-reducing effects occurred in children older than one year of age, and up to 16 years of age. We examined all published ...
  6. 16 Mar 2011
    Diclofenac for pain relief in children
    Diclofenac is commonly used for short-term pain relief in children, particularly around the time of surgery. There is good evidence that diclofenac is effective for pain relief in adults, and side effects such as stomach upset are well known. However, developmental differences mean that children may sometimes react differently to medicines than adults ...
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