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  1. 25 Jul 2014
    Botulinum toxin injectable drug for myofascial pain syndrome (a painful condition that could affect any muscle in the body) in adults
    Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a regional muscular pain syndrome characterised by the presence of trigger points (painful points) in one or more muscles. The pain can be at the trigger point site or it can be felt away from that point when the muscle is pressed, which is called referred pain. Botulinum toxin is a potent chemical that blocks the communication ...
  2. 26 May 2014
    Psychological treatments to reduce pain in people undergoing open heart surgery
    Acute postoperative pain is one of the most disturbing complaints in open heart surgery, and is related to a risk of negative consequences such as impaired wound healing, chronic pain or depression. Psychological treatment is designed to improve patients' knowledge and to alter surgery-related mental distress, negative beliefs and non-compliance. It ...
  3. 13 May 2014
    Femoral nerve blocks for acute postoperative pain after knee replacement surgery
    Total knee replacement is a common and often painful orthopaedic operation. Femoral nerve block (FNB) is an analgesic technique that blocks sensation to the knee to reduce pain following surgery. FNB is given as a single injection or as continuous infusion of numbing medication in the groin area. This review compared FNB with other common analgesic ...
  4. 8 May 2014
    Single dose oral etoricoxib for acute postoperative pain in adults Podcast
    Acute pain is often felt soon after injury. Most people who have surgery have moderate or severe pain afterwards. People with pain are used to test painkillers. They have often had wisdom teeth removed. The pain is often treated with pain killers taken by mouth. Results can be applied to other forms of acute pain. A series of reviews looks at how good ...
  5. 10 Apr 2014
    Carbamazepine for chronic neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia in adults
    Neuropathic pain is pain coming from damaged nerves. It is different from pain messages carried along healthy nerves from damaged tissue (a fall, or cut, or arthritic knee). Neuropathic pain is treated by different medicines than pain from damaged tissue. Medicines like paracetamol or ibuprofen are not effective in neuropathic pain, while medicines ...
  6. 28 Jan 2014
    Clonidine premedication for postoperative pain in children
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of giving clonidine before anaesthesia (that is, as a premedication) on postoperative pain in children. Background Pain after operations remains a major problem for children undergoing surgery. Premedication is the practice of giving a drug to reduce anxiety or provide sedation, or both, ...
  7. 23 Jan 2014
    Skin-to-skin (Kangaroo Care) with newborns cuts down procedural pain
    Newborns wearing only a diaper being held next to their mother's bare chest is referred to as skin-to-skin contact and is also sometimes called Kangaroo Care because of its similarity to the way kangaroo mothers care for their young. Newborns, especially those who must spend time in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, must have various tests and procedures ...
  8. 9 Dec 2013
    Treatment for jellyfish stings Podcast
    Jellyfish stings are common in temperate coastal regions around the world. Specialised stinging cells on the jellyfish called nematocysts produce the sting. The stings of different jellyfish species produce different symptoms of varying severity. Milder symptoms include pain and skin reactions such as redness and itching at the site of the sting. This ...
  9. 3 Dec 2013
    Lamotrigine (an antiepileptic drug) for chronic neuropathic pain or fibromyalgia
    Neuropathic pain is pain coming from damaged nerves. It is different from pain messages carried along healthy nerves from damaged tissue (a fall, or cut, or arthritic knee). Neuropathic pain is treated by different medicines than pain from damaged tissue. Medicines like paracetamol or ibuprofen are not effective in neuropathic pain, while medicines ...
  10. 23 Oct 2013
    Single dose oral dexibuprofen for acute postoperative pain in adults
    Acute pain is often felt soon after injury. Most people who have surgery have moderate or severe pain afterwards. People with pain are used to test pain killers. They have often had wisdom teeth removed. The pain is often treated with pain killers given by mouth. Results can be applied to other forms of acute pain. A series of reviews looks at how good ...

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