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  1. 18 Dec 2014
    Observation alone versus drain tube or needle insertion (interventional) for primary spontaneous pneumothorax in adults without previous lung disease. New
    Review question: A primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is a collection of air in the lining of the lung that occurs on its own or without a traumatic event. When this occurs, people can have chest pain and shortness of breath. Most of the time, the air in the lung is absorbed by the body and slowly decreases with time. Most of the guidelines in ...
  2. 11 Dec 2014
    Peripheral nerve blocks for postoperative pain after major knee surgery New
    There are different types of knee surgery which aim to treat joint stiffness or to reconstruct or repair the knee joint. Poorly controlled pain immediately after knee surgery is still a key issue. Pain-relieving medicines (analgesics) that are injected into the nerve are called peripheral nerve blocks. Nerve blocks are often used after major knee surgery, ...
  3. 9 Dec 2014
    Diaries for recovery from critical illness New
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of diaries, in comparison to no diary, on recovery in people recuperating from critical illness, and their caregivers and families. Background People who have been critically ill experience significant physical and psychological problems during recovery. Diaries outlining a person's intensive ...
  4. 9 Dec 2014
    Music interventions for mechanically ventilated patients Podcast Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence on the effect of music interventions compared to standard care on anxiety and other outcomes in mechanically ventilated patients. Background Mechanical ventilation often causes major distress and anxiety in patients, putting them at greater risk for complications. Side effects of analgesia and sedation may ...
  5. 26 Nov 2014
    Topical rubefacients for acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain in adults Updated
    This is an update of a review of rubefacients for acute and chronic pain, originally published in 2009, that includes one new study. A topical medication is a one that is applied to body surfaces such as the skin to treat ailments. Topical products might be creams, foams, gels, lotions, and ointments. Topical products can include a large range of medicines. Rubefacients ...
  6. 20 Nov 2014
    Treating unintentional hypothermia after surgery New
    Review question We wanted to find out the effects of different methods of rewarming adult patients with unintentional hypothermia (a core body temperature below 36°C) after surgery. Background Patients can get cold during surgery, particularly because of the drugs used as anaesthetics. This can cause potentially dangerous heart problems. Cold can ...
  7. 7 Nov 2014
    Anaesthetic techniques for risk of malignant tumour recurrence
    Background Surgery remains a mainstay of treatment for patients with many types of cancer. However, surgical stress and certain anaesthesia and pain medications commonly given during anaesthesia for cancer surgery are known to suppress body defences. Therefore, surgery and anaesthesia might contribute to long-term cancer recurrence. Different types ...
  8. 6 Nov 2014
    The usefulness of weaning protocols for reducing the time critically ill adult patients spend on mechanical ventilation Updated
    Review question: We reviewed the evidence about the effect of weaning protocols (guidelines) used by clinicians on reducing the time that critically ill patients spent on a breathing machine. Background: Helping patients to breathe with the use of a mechanical ventilator can be life saving. Yet the longer someone stays on a ventilator, the greater the ...
  9. 28 Oct 2014
    Aquatic exercise training for fibromyalgia Podcast
    Research question We reviewed studies on the effects of aquatic exercise training for people with fibromyalgia on wellness, symptoms, fitness, and adverse effects. Background: what is fibromyalgia and what is aquatic training? People with fibromyalgia have persistent, widespread body pain and often experience symptoms such as fatigue, stiffness, ...
  10. 16 Oct 2014
    Lidocaine for pain relief in people with burns
    Background Burns are very common and sometimes fatal, and the pain associated with such injury is one of the most difficult types to relieve. The use of high-dose opioid medications like morphine is common, but side effects are encountered. Alternative agents such as lidocaine, an anaesthetic, have been proposed. This is an update of the review of the ...

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