tobacco addiction

Search results: 169

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  1. 7 Dec 2011
    Does use of an electronic health record to enhance the delivery of effective tobacco cessation treatment to patients using tobacco accomplish that?
    In many countries a large investment is being made in technology to computerize patient medical records. One potential of electronic health records (EHR) is that they could be used to remind clinicians to record tobacco use, to give brief advice to quit, to prescribe medications and to refer to cessation counseling. They could also facilitate those ...
  2. 12 Dec 2012
    Managed alcohol as a harm reduction intervention for alcohol addiction in populations at high risk for substance abuse
    Managed alcohol programmes (MAPs) are harm reduction initiatives that treat the alcohol abuse of vulnerable people by serving controlled amounts of alcohol on a daily schedule, with the goal of ensuring individuals consume safe alcoholic beverages in an environment that has been shown to retain vulnerable people in treatment programmes, decrease alcohol ...
  3. 13 Apr 2011
    Oral naltrexone as maintenance treatment to prevent relapse in opioid addicts who have undergone detoxification
    Opioid dependence is considered to be a lifelong, chronic relapsing disorder. Substantial therapeutic efforts are needed to keep people drug free. Methadone treatment plays a vital role in detoxification or maintenance programs but some individuals who are on methadone continue to use illicit drugs, commit crime and engage in behaviours that promote ...
  4. 24 Oct 2014
    Do school tobacco policies prevent uptake of smoking?
    Background: We reviewed the evidence that School tobacco policies (STPs) might prevent smoking initiation among adolescents, as there may be some evidence that the school environment can influence young people to smoke. STP is intended to regulate whether and where pupils can smoke, adult smoking in school, and penalties for pupils caught smoking. ...
  5. 6 Jun 2013
    Can tobacco control programmes that include a mass media campaign help to reduce levels of smoking among adults
    Mass media interventions involve communication through television, radio, newspapers, billboards, posters, leaflets or booklets, with the intention of encouraging smokers to stop, and of maintaining abstinence in non-smokers. It is likely that they contribute to a reduction in smoking when used as part of a complex set of interventions, but it is difficult ...
  6. 5 Oct 2011
    Does tobacco advertising and promotion make it more likely that adolescents will start to smoke
    Advertising is the use of media to create positive product imagery or associations. Promotion or marketing is the mix of activities designed to increase sales. There are no trials of the impact of tobacco advertising and promotional activities on people taking up smoking. However, there are studies following nonsmokers and their exposure to advertising ...
  7. 15 Aug 2012
    Can smoking prevention interventions targeted at Indigenous youth prevent Indigenous youth from starting to smoke or use other tobacco products?
    In Indigenous populations, the number of people who smoke has not fallen as it has in the wider communities around them. Young people remain at particular risk of taking up smoking. The associated harms to health are unacceptable. This review found that there is not enough published research evaluating programmes aiming to prevent Indigenous youth from ...
  8. 13 Jun 2012
    Can interventions delivered by dental professionals help tobacco users to quit?
    In addition to the well-known harmful effects of smoking on respiratory and cardiovascular systems, tobacco use is associated with an increased risk for oral disease, including cancer and gum disease. Dental professionals are in a unique position to help tobacco users who present for dental care by providing assistance to help them stop smoking or using ...
  9. 8 Sep 2010
    Can smokers be helped to reduce harm by smoking fewer cigarettes or using different tobacco products
    People who smoke may be unwilling or unable to stop smoking completely. Cutting down the number of cigarettes smoked daily or smoking less damaging products may reduce the harm caused by smoking. It may also be a step towards stopping smoking completely. This approach might, however, undermine the importance of quitting which has very clear health benefits. ...
  10. 16 Mar 2011
    Are there ways to help people stop using smokeless tobacco
    Nicotine replacement therapy (patches or gum), and bupropion have not been shown to help people to stop using smokeless tobacco (ST). However, one study shows that varenicline can help people stop. Dentists and hygienists may help their patients to stop, especially when they show them the damage that ST causes in their mouths. Telephone counselling ...

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