pregnancy and childbirth group

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  1. 5 Oct 2011
    Individual or group antenatal education for childbirth or parenthood, or both
    Benefits of antenatal education for childbirth, and the best educational approaches to use, remain unclear. Antenatal education aims to help prospective parents prepare for childbirth and parenthood. Prospective parents often look to antenatal education to provide important information on issues such as decision making about and during labour, skills ...
  2. 13 Jun 2012
    Hypnosis during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period for preventing postnatal depression
    Mental illness during pregnancy and the postnatal period can consist of a short period of mood swings, crying spells, irritability (baby blues), depression and postnatal psychosis. Postnatal depression (PND) falls along this spectrum. The morbidity caused by PND is enormous. Possible symptoms can include depressive mood, loss of interest or pleasure ...
  3. 7 Jul 2010
    Anti-D administration after childbirth for preventing Rhesus alloimmunisation
    Immunisation of Rhesus negative women with anti-D after the birth of a Rhesus positive infant reduces the chances of developing Rhesus antibodies. Mothers and babies may have incompatible blood characteristics (such as Rhesus positive babies and Rhesus negative mothers). After the birth of a Rhesus positive infant, Rhesus negative women are given an ...
  4. 15 Jul 2013
    Continuous support for women during childbirth
    Continuous support in labour increased the chance of a spontaneous vaginal birth, had no harm, and women were more satisfied. Historically women have been attended and supported by other women during labour and birth. However in many countries, as more women are giving birth in hospital rather than at home, continuous support during labour has become ...
  5. 12 Feb 2014
    Treatment for excessive bleeding after childbirth
    After a woman gives birth, womb muscles contract, clamping down on the blood vessels and helping to limit bleeding when the placenta has detached. If the muscles do not contract strongly enough, very heavy bleeding (postpartum haemorrhage) can occur, which can be life threatening. These situations are common in resource-poor countries, and maternal ...
  6. 21 Jan 2009
    Topically applied anaesthetics for treating perineal pain after childbirth
    Not enough evidence to say if local anaesthetics applied to the perineum help to relieve perineal pain after childbirth. The perineum is the area between a woman's vagina and rectum, which may be traumatised during childbirth following a tear or a surgical cut (episiotomy). Local anaesthetics are easy to use and inexpensive, but their effectiveness ...
  7. 21 Jan 2009
    Rectal analgesia for pain from perineal trauma following childbirth
    Rectal suppositories give short-term pain relief for perineal trauma after childbirth. Women often suffer pain if their birth involves trauma to the perineum (area between the vagina and the anus). This trauma can result from an episiotomy (surgical cut) or from a tear that requires stitching. There are ways to reduce the possibility of trauma, but ...
  8. 14 Nov 2012
    Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth
    Women's experiences of pain in labour are variable and complex but the intensity of pain can be made worse by fear, tension and anxiety. Techniques such as hypnosis have been proposed as ways to help deal with these fears and anxieties. Hypnosis is an altered state of conscious awareness that involves, in part, a focus of attention to reduce awareness ...
  9. 14 Mar 2012
    Routine umbilical injection after childbirth before delivery of placenta
    Almost all maternal deaths occur in the developing world. Bleeding during labour is responsible for at least a quarter of these deaths, with the majority due to postpartum haemorrhage. Failure of the muscles of the uterus to contract properly with separation of the placenta is the most common cause of postpartum haemorrhage. One of the leading causes ...
  10. 12 Sep 2012
    Local cooling for relieving pain from perineal trauma sustained during childbirth
    Perineal tears are common during the birth of a baby. In addition, sometimes the caregiver will cut the perineum to give extra space for the baby to be born (episiotomy). These tears and cuts often cause pain for women in the hours, days and sometimes months after the birth. This can reduce a woman's ability to walk and to sit comfortably, and it may ...

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