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  1. 19 Dec 2014
    Elective repeat caesarean versus planned induction of labour for women with a previous caesarean birth Updated
    When a woman has had a previous caesarean birth and requires induction of labour in a subsequent pregnancy there are two options for her care, elective repeat caesarean or planned induction of labour. Both forms of care have benefits and risks associated with them. There were no randomised controlled trials to help women, their partners and their caregivers ...
  2. 19 Dec 2014
    Creatine for women in pregnancy for neuroprotection of the fetus New
    This review did not find any randomised controlled trials that looked at whether creatine, given to a mother in pregnancy, can help protect her baby's brain. The developing fetal brain is very vulnerable to injury, which may arise from infection in the uterus, insufficient blood flow to the placenta, and long-term reduced oxygen in the baby's blood. ...
  3. 15 Dec 2014
    Interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding women New
    Background Although the health benefits of breastfeeding are well established, many women discontinue breastfeeding within the first few weeks after birth. One common reason to discontinue breastfeeding is painful nipples. Study characteristics We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials database for clinical trials assessing ...
  4. 14 Dec 2014
    Antibacterial chlorhexidine applied to the vagina during labour to prevent early-onset group B streptococcal infection in the newborn Updated
    There is no evidence to show that washing the vagina with the antibacterial liquid chlorhexidine or using a chlorhexidine gel during labour reduces group B β-hemolytic streptococcal (GBS) infections in babies. A woman's vagina normally contains numerous bacteria that generally do not pose any problems to her or her baby. However, occasionally a baby ...
  5. 5 Dec 2014
    When should antibiotics be given to prevent infectious complications after cesarean birth? New
    People who undergo surgery are at risk of developing infections, which complicate their recovery. In order to prevent these infections and reduce complications, antibiotics are sometimes given as a preventative (or prophylactic) treatment. The antibiotics are generally given approximately 60 minutes before the operation so that adequate tissue concentrations ...
  6. 25 Nov 2014
    Early additional food and fluids for healthy breastfed full-term infants Updated
    Human milk provides for growth, protection and development for babies. It is important to the health of the mother. Exclusive breastfeeding is an infant's consumption of human milk with no supplementation of any type, including no water, juice, non-human milk or foods. The effect of early supplementation may include decreased milk production due to ...
  7. 17 Nov 2014
    Comparing different types of antibiotics given routinely to women at caesarean section to prevent infections Updated
    Background Women undergoing caesarean section have an increased likelihood of infection compared with women who give birth vaginally. These infections can be in the urine, surgical incision, or the lining of the womb (endometritis). The infections can become serious, causing, for example, an abscess in the pelvis or infection in the blood, and very ...
  8. 14 Nov 2014
    Routinely shaving women in the area around the vagina on admission to hospital in labour Updated
    Women may have their pubic hairs shaved with a razor (perineal shaving) when they are admitted to hospital to give childbirth. This is done in the belief that shaving reduces the risk of infection if the perineum tears or a episiotomy is performed and that it makes suturing easier and helps with instrumental deliveries. Shaving is a routine procedure ...
  9. 12 Nov 2014
    Preventing or reducing partner violence against women during pregnancy Updated
    Violence against women by partners during pregnancy is a major public health concern. It can cause physical and psychological harm to women and may lead to pregnancy complications and poor outcomes for babies. It is not clear what sort of intervention best serves women and infants during pregnancy and after giving birth to ensure their safety. Interventions ...
  10. 11 Nov 2014
    Hepatitis B vaccination during pregnancy for preventing infant infection Updated
    Hepatitis B is an infection caused by the hepatitis B virus and occurs worldwide. For infants and children, the two main sources of the infection are transmission from an infected mother or living in an infected household. Perinatal transmission is common in highly endemic areas. Hepatitis B vaccines are available and require a series of three doses ...

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