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  1. 15 Sep 2014
    A review of the ways in which healthcare professionals can be helped to involve their patients in the healthcare decision making process Podcast Updated
    When there are several treatments possible, healthcare professionals can involve patients in the process of making decisions about their care so that the patients can choose care that meets their needs and reflects what is important to them. We call this 'shared decision making'. Although the results are better when patients are involved, healthcare ...
  2. 1 Sep 2014
    Statins for acute coronary syndrome Podcast Updated
    Long-term therapy with statins (for at least one year) has been shown to reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, and all-cause mortality in patients with and without established coronary heart disease. The early period following an acute coronary syndrome is a critical stage of coronary heart disease, with a high risk of recurrent events and death. ...
  3. 29 Aug 2014
    Do exercise interventions help people quit smoking Podcast
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of exercise programmes in people who want to quit smoking. We looked at whether exercise programmes, either alone or combined with stop smoking programmes, helped more people to quit at six months or longer than stop smoking programmes alone or stop smoking programmes combined with health education. Background Specialist ...
  4. 29 Aug 2014
    Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor for neovascular age-related macular degeneration Podcast
    Background Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common cause of severe vision loss in people 55 years and older. Neovascular AMD, which involves abnormal growth of blood vessels in the back of the eye, accounts for most AMD-related severe vision loss. Injections into the eye of medications, such as pegaptanib, ranibizumab, and bevacizumab, that ...
  5. 6 Aug 2014
    Drugs for treating urinary schistosomiasis Podcast
    What is urinary schistosomiasis and how is it treated? Urinary schistosomiasis is a disease caused by infection of people with the parasitic worm Schistosoma haematobium. These worms live in blood vessels around the infected person's bladder and the worm releases eggs which are released in the person's urine. If the urine is passed into ponds or lakes, ...
  6. 29 Jul 2014
    Clot-dissolving drugs for treating ischaemic stroke in the early stages Podcast
    Question We wanted to compare the safety and efficacy of clot-dissolving (thrombolytic) drugs versus placebo or no treatment in the early stages of ischaemic stroke to see if clot-dissolving drugs improve outcome after stroke. Background Most strokes are due to blockage of an artery in the brain by a blood clot. Prompt treatment with clot-dissolving ...
  7. 28 Jul 2014
    Hysterectomy versus hysterectomy plus ovary removal for premenopausal women Podcast
    Review question: Cochrane authors reviewed the evidence on the risks and benefits of the removal or conservation of ovaries at the time of hysterectomy for benign gynaecological disease in premenopausal women. Background: removing the ovaries at the time of hysterectomy could potentially reduce the risk of ovarian cancer and the need for future gynaecological ...
  8. 27 Jun 2014
    Heparins reduce the number of heart attacks but caused more minor bleeding after non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes compared with placebo Podcast
    Blood clots in the arteries leading to the heart can cause acute coronary syndromes: unstable angina (a feeling of tightness in the chest) or a type of heart attack (non-ST segment myocardial infarction - NSTEMI). Drugs that prevent clots from forming (such as aspirin) or thin the blood (such as heparin) can relieve the problem. Unfractionated heparin ...
  9. 12 Jun 2014
    Efficacy and safety of trastuzumab in metastatic breast cancer Podcast
    Tumours characterised by the presence of the HER2 protein are found in about one in five women with metastatic breast cancer. These tend to be more aggressive and the prognosis and choice of treatment are affected. Trastuzumab (Herceptin®) is a targeted biological drug (a monoclonal antibody) that attaches to the HER2 protein, blocking the growth of ...
  10. 8 May 2014
    Single dose oral etoricoxib for acute postoperative pain in adults Podcast
    Acute pain is often felt soon after injury. Most people who have surgery have moderate or severe pain afterwards. People with pain are used to test painkillers. They have often had wisdom teeth removed. The pain is often treated with pain killers taken by mouth. Results can be applied to other forms of acute pain. A series of reviews looks at how good ...

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