PEARLS

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  1. 26 Jan 2015
    Social norms interventions are not effective enough to reduce alcohol misuse among university or college students Updated
    Review question: We reviewed evidence on the effects of social norms interventions (information to correct misperceptions about levels of consumption in peer groups) for alcohol misuse (alcohol-related problems, binge drinking, quantity and frequency of consumption and estimated blood alcohol concentrations). We found 66 studies. Background: Damaging ...
  2. 15 Jan 2015
    Homocysteine-lowering interventions (B-complex vitamin therapy) for preventing cardiovascular events Podcast Updated
    Review question We reviewed homocysteine-lowering interventions for preventing cardiovascular events. Background Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death worldwide. The most common causes of cardiovascular disease leading to both morbidity and mortality are ischaemic heart disease, stroke and congestive heart failure. Many people with ...
  3. 5 Jan 2015
    Repositioning for treating pressure ulcers Updated
    Pressure ulcers (also known as bed sores, pressure sores and decubitus ulcers) are localised areas of tissue damage caused by excess pressure and shearing forces. Pressure ulcers mainly occur in people who have limited mobility, nerve damage or both. Pressure, from lying or sitting on a particular part of the body, results in oxygen and nutrient deprivation ...
  4. 5 Jan 2015
    Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity Podcast
    Not having enough physical activity leads to poorer health. Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of chronic disease and improve one's health and wellbeing. The lack of physical activity is a common and in some cases a growing health problem. To address this, 33 studies have used improvement activities directed at communities, using more than ...
  5. 30 Dec 2014
    Does use of an electronic health record improve the delivery of stop smoking treatment to patients? Updated
    In many countries a large investment is being made in technology to computerize patient medical records. One potential of electronic health records (EHR) is that they could be used to remind doctors and other clinic staff to record tobacco use, to give brief advice to quit, to prescribe medications and to refer to stop smoking counselling. They could ...
  6. 21 Dec 2014
    Vaginal cleansing before cesarean delivery to reduce post-cesarean infections Updated
    Cesarean deliveries are very common today, with almost one in three babies born by cesarean in some countries. Antibiotics are routinely given before or during the surgery to reduce the risk of infections, but some women still suffer from these complications. Between one in four and one in 10 women develop an infection of the uterus (endometritis) or ...
  7. 16 Dec 2014
    Educating people with diabetes about foot care to help reduce foot ulcers and amputations Updated
    Foot ulcers (open sores) are common in people with diabetes, especially those with problems in the nerves (peripheral neuropathy), the blood supply to their legs (peripheral vascular disease (PVD)), or both. People with ulcers due to diabetes sometimes need an amputation (surgical removal of part of the limb). Foot ulcers not only lead to physical disability ...
  8. 26 Nov 2014
    Topical rubefacients for acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain in adults
    This is an update of a review of rubefacients for acute and chronic pain, originally published in 2009, that includes one new study. A topical medication is a one that is applied to body surfaces such as the skin to treat ailments. Topical products might be creams, foams, gels, lotions, and ointments. Topical products can include a large range of medicines. Rubefacients ...
  9. 24 Nov 2014
    Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings Podcast
    Review question We undertook a review to determine the effectiveness of over-the-counter cough medicines in reducing cough in children and adults in community settings. We found 29 trials involving 4835 people. Background Acute cough is a common and troublesome symptom in children and adults suffering from acute upper respiratory tract infection ...
  10. 20 Nov 2014
    Ways to help people follow prescribed medicines
    Background Patients who are prescribed medicines take only about half of their doses and many stop treatment entirely. Assisting patients to adhere better to medicines could improve their health, and many studies have tested ways to achieve this. Question We updated our review from 2007 to answer the question: What are the findings of high-quality ...

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