PEARLS

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  1. 16 Dec 2014
    Educating people with diabetes about foot care to help reduce foot ulcers and amputations Updated
    Foot ulcers (open sores) are common in people with diabetes, especially those with problems in the nerves (peripheral neuropathy), the blood supply to their legs (peripheral vascular disease (PVD)), or both. People with ulcers due to diabetes sometimes need an amputation (surgical removal of part of the limb). Foot ulcers not only lead to physical disability ...
  2. 26 Nov 2014
    Topical rubefacients for acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain in adults Updated
    This is an update of a review of rubefacients for acute and chronic pain, originally published in 2009, that includes one new study. A topical medication is a one that is applied to body surfaces such as the skin to treat ailments. Topical products might be creams, foams, gels, lotions, and ointments. Topical products can include a large range of medicines. Rubefacients ...
  3. 24 Nov 2014
    Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings Updated
    Review question We undertook a review to determine the effectiveness of over-the-counter cough medicines in reducing cough in children and adults in community settings. We found 29 trials involving 4835 people. Background Acute cough is a common and troublesome symptom in children and adults suffering from acute upper respiratory tract infection ...
  4. 20 Nov 2014
    Ways to help people follow prescribed medicines Updated
    Background Patients who are prescribed medicines take only about half of their doses and many stop treatment entirely. Assisting patients to adhere better to medicines could improve their health, and many studies have tested ways to achieve this. Question We updated our review from 2007 to answer the question: What are the findings of high-quality ...
  5. 17 Nov 2014
    Comparing different types of antibiotics given routinely to women at caesarean section to prevent infections Updated
    Background Women undergoing caesarean section have an increased likelihood of infection compared with women who give birth vaginally. These infections can be in the urine, surgical incision, or the lining of the womb (endometritis). The infections can become serious, causing, for example, an abscess in the pelvis or infection in the blood, and very ...
  6. 11 Nov 2014
    Garlic for the common cold Updated
    Background Garlic is popularly believed to be useful for the common cold. This belief is based on traditional use and some laboratory evidence that garlic has antibacterial and antiviral properties. On average, adults have two to four common colds per year. Study characteristics The evidence is current to the 7 August 2014. Of the eight studies ...
  7. 6 Nov 2014
    Antibiotics for meconium-stained amniotic fluid in labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infections Updated
    Meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) is the result of waste material from the fetal colon passing into the mother's amniotic cavity. Its incidence increases in post-term pregnancies. Pregnant women with MSAF are more likely to develop maternal complications including inflammation of the fetal membranes caused by a bacterial infection (chorioamnionitis), ...
  8. 28 Oct 2014
    Routine antibiotics at cesarean section to reduce infection
    Women undergoing cesarean section have a five to 20-fold greater chance of getting an infection compared with women who give birth vaginally. These infections can be in the organs within the pelvis, around the surgical incision and sometimes the urine. The infections can be serious, and very occasionally can lead to the mother’s death. The potential ...
  9. 17 Sep 2014
    Opioids for osteoarthritis
    This summary of a Cochrane review of 22 studies with 8275 participants (search update: 15 August 2012) presents what we know from research about the effect of opioids on osteoarthritis (OA). We searched scientific databases for clinical trials looking at pain, function, safety, and addiction of oral or transdermal opioids compared with placebo or no ...
  10. 15 Sep 2014
    Rapid viral testing for children in the Emergency Department with fever and respiratory symptoms
    Review question Does rapid viral testing in the Emergency Department influence the treatment of children with fever and breathing symptoms? Background Otherwise healthy children, aged 0 to 18 years, admitted to Emergency Departments (EDs) with fever and respiratory symptoms represent a major burden to the healthcare system, as well as significant ...

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