PEARLS

Search results: 347

RSS Subscribe to this search More...
  1. 23 Jul 2014
    Treatment of amblyopia (lazy eye) caused by strabismus (squint) with patching or optical treatment (glasses or penalisation) or both Updated
    Review question: Treatment of amblyopia (lazy eye) caused by strabismus (squint) with patching or optical treatment (glasses or penalisation) or both. Background: Amblyopia is a common childhood condition which causes a reduction in vision of one or both eyes which is not caused by any eye disease. Amblyopia can be caused by the presence of a squint ...
  2. 8 Jul 2014
    Blood thinners for the long-term treatment of blood clots in patients with cancer Updated
    Background Patients with cancer are at an increased risk of developing blood clots and might respond differently to blood thinners (anticoagulants) compared with patients without cancer. Study characteristics We searched scientific databases for clinical trials looking at the effects of long-term treatment with different blood thinners on blood ...
  3. 7 Jul 2014
    Interventions to increase influenza (flu) vaccination uptake for people aged 60 and older Updated
    Many health authorities recommend influenza vaccination of older people. However, vaccination uptake in people aged 60 and older varies across countries, socioeconomic and health-risk groups. It is important to identify effective interventions to increase influenza vaccination uptake. We included 57 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with 896,531 participants ...
  4. 29 Jun 2014
    Zinc supplements for preventing middle ear infections Updated
    Background Middle ear infections are common, especially among young children, usually causing earache and some temporary (occasionally permanent) hearing loss. Zinc is an essential micronutrient, which has a role in the optimal functioning of the immune system and resistance to infection. It must be consumed regularly as it cannot be stored in the ...
  5. 27 Jun 2014
    Heparins reduce the number of heart attacks but caused more minor bleeding after non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes compared with placebo Podcast Updated
    Blood clots in the arteries leading to the heart can cause acute coronary syndromes: unstable angina (a feeling of tightness in the chest) or a type of heart attack (non-ST segment myocardial infarction - NSTEMI). Drugs that prevent clots from forming (such as aspirin) or thin the blood (such as heparin) can relieve the problem. Unfractionated heparin ...
  6. 25 Jun 2014
    Promoting patient uptake and adherence in cardiac rehabilitation Updated
    Background Cardiac rehabilitation programs aid recovery from cardiac events such as heart attacks, coronary stent placement, and bypass surgery and reduce the likelihood of further illness. Cardiac rehabilitation programs vary, but usually include one or more of the following: exercise, education, and psychological counselling/support. Despite the ...
  7. 24 Jun 2014
    Angioplasty versus angioplasty plus stenting for lesions of the superficial femoral artery Updated
    Intermittent claudication is pain in the leg that is brought on by walking and which is relieved by rest. The pain is a result of insufficient blood flow to the muscles of the leg due to narrowing of the arteries by atherosclerosis. People who have narrowing of the main artery in the thigh, the superficial femoral artery, and intermittent claudication ...
  8. 24 Jun 2014
    Maintenance treatments for opiate-dependent adolescents Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of maintenance treatment either alone or associated with psychosocial intervention compared with no intervention, placebo, other pharmacological intervention, pharmacological detoxification or psychosocial intervention in adolescents (13 to 18 years). Background Substance abuse among adolescents ...
  9. 10 Jun 2014
    Alpha blocker treatment for men to increase chances to have urinary catheter successfully removed Updated
    Background on the condition Acute urinary retention in men is a medical emergency characterised by the sudden and often painful inability to pass urine. There are many known causes including prostate obstruction (because of enlargement of the prostate or cancer), urethral strictures (a narrowing of the urethra due to scar tissue), urine infection, ...
  10. 9 May 2014
    Antibiotics administered to patients prior to colorectal surgery
    When people undergo surgical operations of their abdomen they are at risk of infection which will often be cured by an antibiotic. However, it might be better to give this before the operation to prevent the infection (prophylaxis or prophylactic use), rather than wait until an infection occurs before giving it. This review looks at the evidence for ...

Pages

RSS Subscribe to this search More...