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  1. 23 Apr 2014
    Late erythropoietin for preventing red blood cell transfusion in preterm and/or low birth weight infants Updated
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effectiveness and safety of late initiation of erythropoietin treatment between eight and 28 days after birth, in reducing the use of red blood cell (RBC) transfusions in preterm and/or low birth weight infants. Background The percentage of circulating red blood cells (hematocrit) falls after birth ...
  2. 23 Apr 2014
    Medically assisted hydration to assist palliative care patients Updated
    Background It is common for palliative care patients to have reduced fluid intake during their illness. Management of this condition includes discussion with the patient, family and staff involved, and may include the provision of fluids with medical assistance. This can be performed using a small plastic tube inserted into a vein or under the skin, ...
  3. 23 Apr 2014
    Medically assisted nutrition to assist palliative care patients Updated
    Background It is common for palliative care patients to have reduced oral intake during their illness. Management of this condition includes discussion with the patient, family and staff involved, and may include giving nutrition with medical assistance. This can be done either via a plastic tube inserted directly into a vein or into the stomach or ...
  4. 22 Apr 2014
    Formula milk versus donor breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants Updated
    When a mother's own breast milk is not available for feeding her preterm or low birth weight infant, the alternatives are either formula or expressed breast milk from a donor mother ('donor breast milk'). This review of nine randomised controlled trials suggests that feeding with formula increases short-term growth rates, but is associated with a higher ...
  5. 22 Apr 2014
    Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infants Updated
    Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an effective and safe alternative to conventional neonatal care in low birthweight (LBW) infants mainly in resource-limited countries. Low birthweight (LBW) (less than 2500 g) is associated with an increased risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality, neurodevelopmental disabilities, and cardiovascular disease at adulthood. ...
  6. 22 Apr 2014
    Physical activity programs for promoting bone mineralization and growth in preterm infants Updated
    Babies born too early (premature babies) are often cared for in a fashion that minimizes physical activity to reduce stress and stress-related complications. However, lack of physical activity might lead to poor bone development and growth, as seen in bedridden children and adults. It is believed that physical activity programs (moving and pressing ...
  7. 22 Apr 2014
    Exercise for osteoarthritis of the hip Updated
    Background - what is OA of the hip and what is exercise? OA is a disease of the joints, such as your hip. When the joint loses cartilage, the bone grows to try to repair the damage. However, instead of making things better, the bone grows abnormally and makes things worse. For example, the bone can become misshapen and make the joint painful and unstable. ...
  8. 22 Apr 2014
    Physical rehabilitation approaches for recovery of function, balance and walking after stroke Updated
    Question We wanted to know whether physical rehabilitation approaches are effective in recovery of function and mobility in people with stroke, and if any one physical rehabilitation approach is more effective than any other approach. Background Stroke can cause paralysis of some parts of the body and other difficulties with various physical functions. ...
  9. 21 Apr 2014
    Are any effective treatment options available for the management of granulosa cell tumour of the ovary? New
    Background Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs) of the ovary are rare ovarian tumours (2% to 5% of all ovarian cancers). Most ovarian tumours arise from the outer surface layer of the ovary, but GCTs arise from granulosa cells (sex cord cells) within the ovaries that produce oestrogen (primary female sex hormones). These tumours grow relatively slowly and ...
  10. 21 Apr 2014
    Higher versus lower protein intake in formula-fed low birth weight infants Updated
    Dietary protein is needed for normal growth and development. The protein intake required for growth of the low birth weight infant has been estimated by the growth rate of the fetus to be 3.5 to 4.0 g/kg/d. Controlling the amount of protein given to low birth weight babies (less than 2.5 kg) fed with formula is important. Too much protein can raise ...

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