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  1. 30 Jul 2014
    Breast milk expression during pregnancy by women with diabetes for improving infant outcomes New
    Babies born to women who have diabetes during pregnancy, either already existing or gestational, are at increased risk of low blood sugars after birth. This is because the babies have been exposed to higher than usual blood sugar (glucose) levels during the pregnancy and so have been producing relatively high levels of insulin. Some of these babies ...
  2. 29 Jul 2014
    Combined hormonal contraceptives taken in extended regimens for more than 28 days compare favorably to traditional 28-day cyclic hormonal contraceptives. Updated
    Traditional combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs), including oral contraceptive pills, the transdermal patch, and the vaginal ring, are administered daily for 21 days, followed by a hormone-free week. During the hormone-free week, uterine bleeding occurs. In recent years, other approaches to taking combined hormonal contraceptives have been developed. ...
  3. 29 Jul 2014
    Continuous passive motion therapy for preventing venous thromboembolism after total knee replacement (arthroplasty) Updated
    Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common form of orthopaedic surgery that can improve the quality of life for patients. Patients who receive joint replacement are particularly susceptible to developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) because of tissue damage, surgical stress, immobility and muscle weakness following the surgery. ...
  4. 29 Jul 2014
    Different methods of treating fractures of the shaft of the thigh bone in children and adolescents New
    Although uncommon, fractures of the femoral shaft (thigh bone) in children may require prolonged treatment in hospital and sometimes surgery. This can cause significant discomfort and can disrupt the lives of the children and their familles. This review compared different methods of treating these fractures. Surgical treatment comprises different methods ...
  5. 29 Jul 2014
    The effectiveness of community interventions to promote condom use in the prevention of HIV and sexually transmitted infections New
    Bakground Since the advent of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the 1980s, condom promotion has become one of the most widely used interventions to prevent transmission of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, despite widespread promotion of condom use globally, new cases of HIV and other STIs either remain high or continue to rise in some ...
  6. 29 Jul 2014
    Surgical techniques for the removal of mandibular wisdom teeth New
    Review question This review has been produced to assess the benefits and harms of the different surgical techniques in use for the removal of wisdom teeth from the lower jaw in order to reduce complications following surgery. The risks of surgery that are included in this review are: pain following surgery, swelling, infection, being unable to open ...
  7. 29 Jul 2014
    Therapeutic touch therapy for healing acute wounds. Updated
    Therapeutic touch is an alternative therapy that is gaining popularity as a wound treatment. Practitioners enter a meditative state and pass their hands above the patient's body to find and correct any imbalances in the patient's 'life energy' or chi. Scientific instruments have been unable to detect this energy. The review found contradictory evidence ...
  8. 29 Jul 2014
    Clot-dissolving drugs for treating ischaemic stroke in the early stages Updated
    Question We wanted to compare the safety and efficacy of clot-dissolving (thrombolytic) drugs versus placebo or no treatment in the early stages of ischaemic stroke to see if clot-dissolving drugs improve outcome after stroke. Background Most strokes are due to blockage of an artery in the brain by a blood clot. Prompt treatment with clot-dissolving ...
  9. 28 Jul 2014
    Are oral antibiotics as effective as a combination of injected and oral antibiotics for kidney infections in children? Updated
    Acute pyelonephritis refers to infection of the kidneys and is the most severe form of urinary tract infection (UTI). Acute pyelonephritis causes high fever, vomiting, stomach pain, irritability and poor feeding in infants. We wanted to find out if oral antibiotics were as effective as combined oral and injected antibiotics to treat children for kidney ...
  10. 28 Jul 2014
    Using medications (antimetabolites) to avoid scarring after cataract surgery, which might cause failure of a previous glaucoma operation New
    Review question: We reviewed the evidence on the effect of using medications (antimetabolites) to avoid scarring after cataract surgery, which might cause failure of a previous glaucoma operation. We did not find any trials to include in this review. Background: Patients with glaucoma who have had an operation to improve the pressure in their eyes ...

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