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  1. 18 Dec 2014
    Cordyceps sinensis (a Chinese medicinal herb) for treating chronic kidney disease New
    People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience gradual worsening of kidney function. Cordyceps (Cordyceps sinensis), which is sometimes known as Chinese caterpillar fungus, is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat people with CKD. We conducted this review to investigate if Cordyceps was a safe and effective treatment for people with ...
  2. 18 Dec 2014
    Treatments for fatigue in adults with peripheral neuropathy New
    Review question To assess the effects of treatments for fatigue in people with peripheral neuropathy. Background Peripheral neuropathy is damage to the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord. Many people with peripheral neuropathy have feelings of severe tiredness (fatigue) that are not necessarily related to physical problems such as muscle ...
  3. 18 Dec 2014
    Reduced dietary salt for the prevention of cardiovascular disease Updated
    Cardiovascular disease includes heart attacks and strokes and is a major cause of premature death and disability. This is an update of a review first published in 2011. This review sets out to assess whether intensive support and encouragement to cut down on salt in foods, and substituting low-sodium salt, reduces the risk of death or cardiovascular ...
  4. 18 Dec 2014
    Observation alone versus drain tube or needle insertion (interventional) for primary spontaneous pneumothorax in adults without previous lung disease. New
    Review question: A primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is a collection of air in the lining of the lung that occurs on its own or without a traumatic event. When this occurs, people can have chest pain and shortness of breath. Most of the time, the air in the lung is absorbed by the body and slowly decreases with time. Most of the guidelines in ...
  5. 18 Dec 2014
    Rapid tests for diagnosing malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax or other less common parasites New
    This review summarises trials evaluating the accuracy of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for diagnosing malaria due to Plasmodium vivax or other non-falciparum species. After searching for relevant studies up to December 2013, we included 47 studies, enrolling 22,862 adults and children. What are rapid tests and why do they need to be able to distinguish ...
  6. 17 Dec 2014
    Medications for the treatment of cannabis dependence New
    Background Cannabis is the most common illicit drug in the world. Demand by cannabis users for treatment has been increasing in most regions of the world. Currently there are no medications specifically for the treatment of cannabis use. This review sought to assess the effectiveness and safety of medications for the treatment of cannabis dependence. Search ...
  7. 17 Dec 2014
    Ephedrine treatment for myasthenia gravis, neonatal myasthenia and congenital myasthenic syndromes New
    Review question We reviewed the evidence about the effect of ephedrine in adults and children with myasthenia gravis (MG), neonatal myasthenia and the congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs). Background Myasthenia is a group of rare conditions in which muscle fatigue and weakness are the main symptoms. These symptoms occur because signals do not ...
  8. 17 Dec 2014
    Can electronic cigarettes help people stop smoking or reduce the amount they smoke, and are they safe to use for this purpose? New
    Background Electronic cigarettes (EC) are electronic devices that produce a smoke-like aerosol (commonly referred to as vapour) that the user inhales. This vapour typically contains nicotine without most of the toxins smokers inhale with cigarette smoke. ECs have become popular with smokers who want to reduce the risks of smoking. This review aimed ...
  9. 17 Dec 2014
    Needle suspension surgery for urinary incontinence in women Updated
    Background Stress urinary incontinence is loss of urine when coughing, laughing, sneezing or exercising. Damage to the muscles that hold up the bladder may cause it. About a third of adult women may have urine leakage, and about a third of these may have problems bad enough to require surgery. When non-surgical methods, such as exercising the muscles ...
  10. 17 Dec 2014
    Graduated compression stockings for prevention of deep vein thrombosis during a hospital stay Updated
    Hospital patients can develop deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the legs and pelvic veins immediately after surgery or if they are not mobile because of a medical illness. Symptoms vary from none to pain and swelling in the legs. A blood clot can move from the leg to the lungs, with the danger of pulmonary embolism (PE) and death. Usually the DVT clears ...

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