Cochrane Summaries

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Dietary advice for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults

Nield L, Moore H, Hooper L, Cruickshank K, Vyas A, Whittaker V, Summerbell CD
Published Online: 
21 January 2009

No high quality data on the efficacy of diet alone exists for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This systematic review assesses the effects of studies that examined dietary advice with or without the addition of exercise or behavioural approaches. Eighteen studies were included. No data were found on micro- or macrovascular diabetic complications, mortality or quality of life. It is difficult to draw reliable conclusions from the limited data that are presented in this review, however, the addition of exercise to dietary advice showed improvement of metabolic control after six- and twelve-month follow-up.

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