Cochrane Summaries

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Using condoms consistently reduces sexual transmission of HIV infection

Weller SC, Davis-Beaty K
Published Online: 
14 March 2012

Sexual intercourse and contact with contaminated blood products (e.g., intravenous drug use) account for the majority of HIV infections. The wearing of condoms during sexual intercourse has been promoted to reduce the infection and spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as HIV. The review of studies found that condoms, when used consistently, substantially reduced HIV infection but did not totally eliminate the risk of infection.