Cochrane Summaries

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Effectiveness of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) alone in the management of chronic pain

Nnoaham KE, Kumbang J
Published Online: 
20 January 2010

Despite the widespread use of TENS machines, the analgesic effectiveness of TENS still remains uncertain. This has mainly been due to inadequate methodology and reporting in earlier studies but more recent studies of TENS for chronic pain fail to offer necessary improvements in methodological rigour to define the place of TENS in chronic pain management with any certitude. The search process identified 124 studies; 25 met the inclusion criteria for evaluation in this review but there were insufficient extractable data to make meta-analysis possible. New studies of rigorous design and adequate size are needed before any evidence-based recommendations can be made for patients or health professionals.