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Does smoking in a way that is unpleasant help smokers to quit

Hajek P, Stead LF
Published Online: 
10 August 2011

Aversion treatments pair undesirable behaviours with negative sensations. In smoking cessation, several approaches have been suggested such as rapid smoking, which requires smokers to take a puff every few seconds to make smoking unpleasant. The results of the existing trials suggest that this may be effective, but the evidence is not conclusive because most of the studies of this approach have methodological problems. A recent laboratory study also suggests that the method has an active ingredient. Further research may be worthwhile.

This record should be cited as: 
Hajek P, Stead LF. Aversive smoking for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD000546. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000546.pub2
Assessed as up to date: 
15 October 2009